2Independent/Dependent Clauses Unlike coordinating conjunctions, which do not change word order in a sentence, the subordinating conjunctions introduce the dependent clause which places the verb at the end of the clause.Notice the position of koche in the dependent clause beginning with weil.Any time a subordinating conjunction is used to start a dependent clause, the verb is placed at the end of the clause.IndependentIch gehe ins Restaurant.Ich koche nicht gern.Sub.VerbSub.VerbIndependentDependentIch gehe ins Restaurant,weil ich nicht gern koche.Sub.VerbSub.Verb
3Subordinating Conjunctions The 7 subordinating conjunctionsGermanEnglishbevorBeforebisUntildamitSo thatobwohlAlthoughsobaldAs soon asweilBecausewennIf, whenNOTE: There are many subordinating conjunctions in addition to this list.All have the same effect on word order.
4Subordinating Conjunctions The previous example began the sentence with the independent clause:It is also acceptable to start the sentence with the dependent clause which would appear as follows:NOTE: The word order in both examples. Regardless if the dependent clause is the 1st or 2nd clause in a sentence, it keeps the same word order. The independent clause, if 1st, places the verb in the 2nd position, and, if 2nd, begins with the verb followed by the subject and other parts of speech.IndependentDependentIch gehe ins Restaurant,weil ich nicht gern koche.Sub.VerbSub.VerbDependentIndependentWeil ich nicht gern koche,gehe ich ins Restaurant.Sub.VerbVerbSub.
5Subordinating Conjunctions With Modal Verbs If a modal verb is included in a sentence containing a subordinating conjunction it would appear as follows:Notice now that both verbs are placed at the end of the dependent clause, with the conjugated, modal verb at the very end.IndependentDependentIch gehe ins Restaurant,weil ich nicht kochen kann.
6Subordinating Conjunctions With Separable-prefix Verbs If the dependent clause includes a separable-prefix verb, it would appear as follows:The separable-prefix verb anfangen (to begin) is still conjugated but is now NOT separated.If both a modal verb and separable-prefix verb are included in a clause, the sentence would appear as follows:The verb durchlesen (to read through) remains in its infinitive form and is placed 2nd to last followed by the conjugated, modal verb.IndependentDependentIch stehe früh auf,weil meine Vorlesung um 8 Uhr anfängt.IndependentDependentIch stehe früh auf,weil ich mein Referat durchlesen muss.
7Subordinating conjunction “Wenn” Wenn ich krank bin……..The separable-prefix verb anfangen (to begin) is still conjugated but is now NOT separated.IndependentDependentIch nehme Medizin,wenn ich nur zu husten anfange.IndependentDependentIch ruhe mich aus,wenn…….