Präsentation zum Thema: "Alltagsleben Treffpunkt Deutsch Sixth Edition. Independent/Dependent Clauses Unlike coordinating conjunctions, which do not change word order in a sentence,"— Präsentation transkript:
Independent/Dependent Clauses Unlike coordinating conjunctions, which do not change word order in a sentence, the subordinating conjunctions introduce the dependent clause which places the verb at the end of the clause. Notice the position of koche in the dependent clause beginning with weil. Any time a subordinating conjunction is used to start a dependent clause, the verb is placed at the end of the clause. Independent Ich gehe ins Restaurant.Ich koche nicht gern. IndependentDependent Ich gehe ins Restaurant,weil ich nicht gern koche. Sub. Verb
Subordinating Conjunctions GermanEnglish bevorBefore bisUntil damitSo that obwohlAlthough sobaldAs soon as weilBecause wennIf, when The 7 subordinating conjunctions NOTE: There are many subordinating conjunctions in addition to this list. All have the same effect on word order.
Subordinating Conjunctions The previous example began the sentence with the independent clause: It is also acceptable to start the sentence with the dependent clause which would appear as follows: NOTE: The word order in both examples. Regardless if the dependent clause is the 1 st or 2 nd clause in a sentence, it keeps the same word order. The independent clause, if 1 st, places the verb in the 2 nd position, and, if 2 nd, begins with the verb followed by the subject and other parts of speech. IndependentDependent Ich gehe ins Restaurant,weil ich nicht gern koche. DependentIndependent Weil ich nicht gern koche,gehe ich ins Restaurant. Sub. Verb
Subordinating Conjunctions With Modal Verbs If a modal verb is included in a sentence containing a subordinating conjunction it would appear as follows: Notice now that both verbs are placed at the end of the dependent clause, with the conjugated, modal verb at the very end. IndependentDependent Ich gehe ins Restaurant,weil ich nicht kochen kann.
Subordinating Conjunctions With Separable-prefix Verbs If the dependent clause includes a separable-prefix verb, it would appear as follows: The separable-prefix verb anfangen (to begin) is still conjugated but is now NOT separated. If both a modal verb and separable-prefix verb are included in a clause, the sentence would appear as follows: The verb durchlesen (to read through) remains in its infinitive form and is placed 2 nd to last followed by the conjugated, modal verb. IndependentDependent Ich stehe früh auf,weil meine Vorlesung um 8 Uhr anfängt. IndependentDependent Ich stehe früh auf,weil ich mein Referat durchlesen muss.