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Present Perfect Tense Conversational Past. Formation of the Past Tense Construction = Construction = haben/sein as helping verb + past participle of the.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Present Perfect Tense Conversational Past. Formation of the Past Tense Construction = Construction = haben/sein as helping verb + past participle of the."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Present Perfect Tense Conversational Past

2 Formation of the Past Tense Construction = Construction = haben/sein as helping verb + past participle of the verb haben/sein as helping verb + past participle of the verb haben/sein must be conjugated to agree with the subject of the sentence haben/sein must be conjugated to agree with the subject of the sentence the past participle remains in the last position of the clause the past participle remains in the last position of the clause

3 Helping Verbs haben or sein? For most verbs, you will use haben as your helping verb: For most verbs, you will use haben as your helping verb: ich habewir haben du hastihr habt er/sie/es hatsie/Sie haben

4 The helping verb sein Sein is used as the helping verb for verbs of motion (from point A to point B) or change of condition (falling asleep, growing up). Sein is used as the helping verb for verbs of motion (from point A to point B) or change of condition (falling asleep, growing up). ich binwir sind du bistihr seid er/sie/es istsie/Sie sind EXCEPTIONS: the verbs “sein”, “bleiben”, and “werden” require sein as the helping verb.

5 Past Participles The formation of the past participle depends on the verb. Just as in English, there are weak and strong verbs, which affect the past participle. The formation of the past participle depends on the verb. Just as in English, there are weak and strong verbs, which affect the past participle. Weak = to jumphave jumped Weak = to jumphave jumped Strong = to gohave gone Strong = to gohave gone

6 Past Participles of Weak Verbs The past participle is formed by adding “t” to the verb stem. If the verb stem ends in “d” or “t”, the ending expands to “et”. The past participle of most weak verbs has the prefix “ge-”. The past participle is formed by adding “t” to the verb stem. If the verb stem ends in “d” or “t”, the ending expands to “et”. The past participle of most weak verbs has the prefix “ge-”. spielengespieltSie hat gespielt. spielengespieltSie hat gespielt. arbeitengearbeitet Er hat gearbeitet. arbeitengearbeitet Er hat gearbeitet.

7 Past Participle of Strong Verbs Strong verbs are verbs that have a vowel change, just like in English: drink, drank, drunk. Past participles of strong verbs are formed by adding “en” the verb stem. Most will also add the prefix “ge-”. Unfortunately the spelling change is not predictable. Strong verbs are verbs that have a vowel change, just like in English: drink, drank, drunk. Past participles of strong verbs are formed by adding “en” the verb stem. Most will also add the prefix “ge-”. Unfortunately the spelling change is not predictable. sprechengesprochen sprechengesprochen Hast du mit ihr gesprochen? Hast du mit ihr gesprochen?

8 More Strong Verbs schreibengeschrieben schreibengeschrieben Er hat das geschrieben. fahrengefahren Jan ist allein gefahren. gehengegangen Wohin bist du gegangen?

9 Verbs with separable prefixes The past participles of these verbs are formed the same way, but the “ge-” comes between the verb and the prefix. The past participles of these verbs are formed the same way, but the “ge-” comes between the verb and the prefix. einkaufenIch habe eingekauft. mitkommenSabine ist mitgekommen. anziehenWas hast du angezogen?

10 Verbs with inseparable prefixes These verbs do not take the “ge-” prefix in the past participle. These verbs do not take the “ge-” prefix in the past participle. besuchenIch habe Freunde besucht. verstehenEr hat das nicht verstanden. Common inseparable prefixes include: be-, emp-, ent-, er-, ge-, ver-, zer-

11 Das Ende


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