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THE CONVERSATIONAL PAST WHEN TO USE AND HOW TO FORM IT REGULAR VERBS.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "THE CONVERSATIONAL PAST WHEN TO USE AND HOW TO FORM IT REGULAR VERBS."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 THE CONVERSATIONAL PAST WHEN TO USE AND HOW TO FORM IT REGULAR VERBS

2 The “Present Perfect” Tense is also called in German “the Conversational Past” tense because it is so often used in speaking about past events. It consists of a helping verb and a past participle. In FORM and sometimes in meaning it corresponds to the English present perfect tense. Compare: “I have bought a car.” “Ich habe ein Auto gekauft.”

3 The Past Participle is formed by dropping the en and replacing it with a t. Add ge- to the beginning.

4 machentge

5 spielentge

6 What is the Past Participle for each of the following verbs: 1.hören 2.leben 3.wohnen 4.sagen 5.schauen gehört gelebt gewohnt gesagt geschaut

7 If a verb ends with ieren, there is no ge- at the beginning telefonierent

8 What is the Past Participle for each of the following verbs: 1.studieren 2.fotografieren 3.kontrollieren studiert fotografiert kontrolliert

9 If a verb begins with an inseparable prefix do not add ge-. Some inseparable prefixes are: be er ge besuchen erzähl gehör t t t

10 What is the Past Participle for each of the following verbs: 1.gebrauchen 2.erklären 3.benutzen benutzt erklärt gebraucht

11 If a verb has a separable prefix the ge- goes between the prefix and the main stem of the verb. einkaufengekauft

12 What is the Past Participle for each of the following verbs: 1.abholen 2.zuhören 3.aufsetzen abgeholt zugehört aufgesetzt

13 The Conversational Past is formed by using haben or sein plus the past participle. Haben or sein is in the normal verb position. The past participle is last.

14 Ich spiele Tennis. Ich habe Tennis gespielt habe gespielt

15 Am Freitag mache ich nichts. Am Freitag habe ich nichts gemacht habe gemacht

16 Rewrite the following sentences in Conversational Past: 1. Wir lernen Deutsch. 3. Er kauft bei Aldi ein. 2. Wann fragst du Martin? Er hat bei Aldi eingekauft. Wann hast du Martin gefragt ? Wir haben Deutsch gelernt.

17 Sein is used when the verb is intransitive – one that cannot have a direct object. Usually intrasitive verbs indicate a change of location or condition. However, some just are.

18 Some common intransitive verbs are: wandern joggen reisen segeln

19 Er ist gewandert. Wir sind gejoggt. Du bist gereist. Ich bin gesegelt. Change these short sentences to Conversational Past tense. 1.Ich segle. 2.Wir joggen. 3.Er wandert. 4.Du reist.

20 Perfekt = Conversational Past tense Meanings: I have done something I was doing something I did something

21 THE MEANING OF THE GERMAN CONVERSATIONAL PAST DEPENDS ON THE CONTEXT, THE ADVERB OF TIME.

22 Zum Beispiel (for example): Ich habe das Buch schon gekauft. ( =I have already bought the book.) Ich habe das Buch gestern gekauft. (= I bought the book yesterday. )

23 We do not say in English: “I have bought the book yesterday.” In summary....

24 das Partizip = past participle (the word that has ge in German) das Hilfsverb = auxiliary verb (haben or sein in German)

25 Make up 3 original sentences in German in Conversational Past tense. You can use the verbs listed below. lernen telefonieren abholen schaueneinkaufen wandern besuchen reisengehören


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