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Der Weltagrarbericht Internationale Bestandsaufnahme von landwirtschaftlichem Wissen, Forschung und Technologie für die Entwicklung.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Der Weltagrarbericht Internationale Bestandsaufnahme von landwirtschaftlichem Wissen, Forschung und Technologie für die Entwicklung."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Der Weltagrarbericht Internationale Bestandsaufnahme von landwirtschaftlichem Wissen, Forschung und Technologie für die Entwicklung

2 Struktur

3 Ablauf und Struktur



6 Steering Committee Co-chairs Louise Fresco, Assistant Director General for Agriculture, FAO Seyfu Ketema, Executive Secretary, Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in East and Central Africa (ASARECA) Claudia Martinez Zuleta, Former Deputy Minister of the Environment, Colombia Rita Sharma, Principal Secretary and Rural Infrastructure Commissioner, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India Robert T. Watson, Chief Scientist, The World Bank Non-governmental Organizations Benny Haerlin, Greenpeace International Marcia Ishii-Eiteman, Pesticide Action Network North America Regional Center (PANNA) Monica Kapiriri, NGO Enhancement and Rural Development, Aga Khan Raymond C. Offenheiser, Oxfam America Daniel Rodriguez, International Technology Development Group (ITDG), Consumer Groups Michael Hansen, Consumers International Greg Jaffe, Director, Biotechnology Project, Center for Science in the Public Interest Samuel Ochieng, Chief Executive, Consumer Information Network

7 Steering Committee UN Bodies Ivar Baste, Chief, Environment Assessment Branch, UN Environment Program Philip Dobie, Director Drylands Development Center, UN Development Program Wim van Eck, Senior Advisor, Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments, World Health Organization Joke Waller-Hunter, Executive Secretary, UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Doug Wholey, Senior Technical Advisor, International Fund for Agricultural Development Hamdallah Zedan, Executive Secretary, UN Convention on Biological Diversity At-large Scientists Adrienne Clarke, Laureate Professor, School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Australia Denis Lucey, Professor of Food Economics, Dept. of Food Business & Development, University College Cork, Ireland, and Vice-President NATURA Vo-tong Xuan, Rector, Angiang University, Vietnam Foundations and Unions Susan Sechler, Senior Advisor on Biotechnology Policy, Rockefeller Foundation Achim Steiner, Director General, The World Conservation Union (IUCN)

8 Steering Committee Producer Organizations Scientific Organizations
Mercy Karanja, Chief Executive Officer, Kenya National Farmers’ Union Prabha Mahale International Federation Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) Tsakani Ngomane, Director Agricultural Extension Services, Department of Agriculture, Limpopo Province, Republic of South Africa Armando Paredes, Presidente, Consejo Nacional Agropecuario (CNA) Scientific Organizations Jorge Ardila Vásquez, Inter- American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) Samuel Bruce-Oliver, Global Forum for Agricultural Research Secretariat Adel El-Beltagy, Chair, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) Mohamed Hassan, Executive Director, Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) Mark Holderness, Head Crop and Pest Management, CAB International Charlotte Johnson-Welch, Nata Duvvury, International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) Thomas Rosswall, Executive Director, International Council for Science (ICSU) Judi Wakhungu, Executive Director, African Center for Technology Studies

9 Steering Committee Governments Australia: Peter Core,
China: Keming Qian, Director General Inst. Agricultural Economics, Finland: Tiina Huvio, Senior Advisor, Agriculture and Rural Development France: Alain Derevier, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Germany: Hans-Jochen de Haas, Head, Agricultural and Rural Development, Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Hungary: Zoltan BedoIreland: Aidan O’Driscoll, Assistant Secretary General, Department of Agriculture and Food Morocco: Hamid Narjisse, Russia: Eugenia Serova, Head, Agrarian Policy Division, Institute for Economy in Transition Uganda: Grace Akello, Minister of State for Northern Uganda Rehabilitation United Kingdom: Sarah Holden, Senior Advisor, Research Team, DFID United States: Rodney Brown, Deputy Under Secretary of Agriculture and Hans Klemm, Director of the Office of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Textile Trade Affairs, Department of State Private Sector Momtaz Faruki Chowdhury, Agribusiness, Bangladesh Sam Dryden,, Emergent Genetics David Evans, Syngenta International Steve Parry, Unilever Mumeka M. Wright, Bimzi Ltd., Zambia

10 Green Light for Global Study on Food Security
REUTERS After months of regional meetings across the globe, a World Bank-sponsored group of experts has recommended a searching look at how to harness agricultural technologies, including genetic modification, to meet global food needs over the next 50 years. "Having Greenpeace, the World Bank and a company like Syngenta sitting together and agreeing this is important for the developing world is pretty amazing," said Michael Stopford, an executive at Syngenta, the world's leading agribusiness. The review, which will cost $15 million and could be finished by the end of 2006, will canvass broad opinion, from local farmers to the public and private sectors, to look at how biotechnology can help fight hunger and poverty as the global population expands and land and water become scarcer. Bob Watson, the World Bank chief scientist who chaired the review and who helped prepare the groundwork for the Kyoto climate protocol, said the assessment would be unique in bringing together farmers' local knowledge and the work of university, government and private sector laboratories.The review will explicitly not be bogged down by broader disputes over the merits of GM technology, the organizers said.

11 Ablauf und Struktur


13 Draft Assessment Timeline (Intergovernmental Process)*
Number of Participants Focus Time (elapsed months) Target Plenary** 200+ To elect Bureau and chair(s) for management oversight and establish technical support unit and select participants for the design meeting October 2003 Design meeting*** 100+ In-depth discussions along chapter structure and cross-cutting topics; 3 January 2003 Plenary Finalize scope and approve selection of coordinating lead authors and lead authors, based on government and expert nominations 6 May 2004 Draft #1 Prepare first draft (9 months) 15 February 2005 Peer review by experts (2 months) 17 April 2005 Draft #2 Prepare second draft including the TS and SPM (3 months) 20 July 2005 Peer review by experts & governments (2 months) 22 Sept 2005 Draft #3 Prepare final draft (3 months) 25 Dec 2005 Acceptance and approval by governments 26 January 2006 Technical support unit Publication 28 March 2006

14 Research Policy Innovation Policy
Indirect Drivers Demographics Economics / International trade Socio-Policy Science & technology Education, culture & ethics Bio-geophysical environment Direct Drivers Food demand, consumption Availability & management of natural resources Land use Climate change Energy Labor Agricultural Products & Services AKST Drivers Research Policy Innovation Policy Local & Institutional Generation of AKST Social Organizations Access, control & distribution of: - Technology - Knowledge - Inputs (Agrochemicals and Services) - Markets - Credit, capital, assets Development & Sustainability Goals Decreased hunger & poverty Improved nutrition and human health Enhanced livelihoods and equity Environmental sustainability Sustainable economic development Food Systems // Agricultural Products & Services Crops, livestock, fish Forestry for food, fiber, biomass Ecosystem services Networks Institutions Processes Knowledge Learning Innovation Actors

15 Assessment vs. Review Reminder
Audience Decision Makers Scientists Done by Large and varied group One or a few Topic Broad and complex Simple and narrow (Un) Certainty Statements Essential Not required Identifies gaps in Knowledge for implementation – problem driven Research – curiosity driven Judgment Required but clearly flagged Hidden Coverage Sufficient to deal with main range of uncertainty Exhaustive and historical Synthesis Essential to reduce complexity Not to be explained – just a quick pop up/pop down Did not include “Uncertainty Statements” line – does not seem to be useful in Ag context

16 IAASTD Conceptual Framework
Human Impacts on: Incomes and employment Hunger Human health Resilience and vulnerability Social and Gender Equality Economic diversification Rural livelihoods Quality of natural environment Social Stability Indirect change drivers Economic Demographic (urbanization, migration) Socio-political (policies and institutions) Cultural and ethical (values) Global KST Direct change drivers Biodiversity loss Volume and pattern of demand Consumption patterns Labor availability Land and water availability Agricultural policy and regulatory environment GHG emissions and Climate change Farmers decisions Agricultural goods and Services Food production Fiber, oils, material Biomass/energy Medicines Landscape and environmental management Carbon sequestration Agro-ecosystem function Agricultural KST New knowledge (including policies) New technologies (biological and non-biological) Harnessing/Maintenance/adaptation of indigenous knowledge Effective knowledge exchange systems KST system responsiveness & adaptability KST system accountability

17 ► ländliche Existenzen verbessern
Wie können wir durch die Schaffung, Ver-breitung und Nutzung von landwirtschaftlichem Wissen, Forschung und Technologie ► Hunger und Armut verringern, ► ländliche Existenzen verbessern ► gerechte, ökologisch, ökono- misch und sozial nachhaltige Entwicklung befördern?

18 Hans Herren, Judy Wakungu (Ko-Präsidenten) ,
Achim Steiner (UNEP) Robert T. Watson (Direktor) Sekretariats-Chefin: Beverly McIntyre

19 Regierungsvertreter, Abschlußplenum in Nairobi, April 2008

20 Signatory States : Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, People’s Republic of China, Costa Rica, Cuba, Democratic Republic of Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Ghana, Honduras, India, Iran, Ireland, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Maldives, Republic of Moldova, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Palau, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, United Republic of Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain, Uruguay, Viet Nam, Zambia Non-Signatory States (though with warm words of support): United States of America, Australia, Canada

21 Paradigmenwechsel ist unausweichlich
Nachhaltiger Lebensmittel-verbrauch und -herstellung in einer Welt mit begrenzten Ressourcen

22 Komplexe Rückkoppelungen
Ständiger Ausschuss für Agrarforschung der EU (SCAR) Interaktionen, besonders Rückkop-pelungen können sich intensivieren, beschleunigen oder ihre Richtung ändern, wenn mehrere Faktoren zusammenspielen. Stickstoff/Phosphor Wasser Energie Landwirt. Wissen Wirtschafts-entwicklung Fruchtbarer Boden Lebensmittelprod. Konsum Verstädterung Regierungsversagen Artenvielfalt Klimawandel Diese komplexen, mehrschichtigen Interaktionen sind entscheidend zur Voraussage der weltweiten Ernäh-rungssicherheit  aber unbekannt. Sie könnten die Lebensmittelproduk-tion schneller und stärker begrenzen als jeder einzelne Mangel für sich. European Commission – Standing Committee on Agricultural Research (SCAR), The 3rd SCAR Foresight Exercise: Sustainable food consumption and production in a resource-constrained world February 2011

23 Agroökologie steigert Ertrag vor Ort in 5 Jahren um 79 – 116 %
Stickstoff fixierende Bäume Agro-Forst-Systeme Wasser-Ernte-Systeme „Zai pits“ & Wassermauern „Push-Pull“ gegen Insekten Mulchen & Zwischenfrüchte Saatgut-Mischungen Fische & Enten im Reisfeld Olivier de Schutter UN-Sonderberichterstatter für das Recht auf Nahrung

24 Zentrale Empfehlungen 2014
Paradigmenwechsel : Wohlstand, Widerstandsfähigkeit, Nachhaltigkeit Zugang zu Land statt landgrabbing Reform geistiger Eigentumsrechte (Saatgut) Unterstützung lokaler Ernährungssysteme Agrarökologische Anbaumethoden fordern und fördern Charta der Kleinbauernrechte – v.a. der Bäuerinnen

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