3 You use the Perfect Tense to talk about things that happened in the PAST
4 The Perfect Tense is made up of 2 parts Most verbs take the conjugated form of ‘haben’ (to have) + Past Participle – the bit at the END of the sentence!!!! Ich habe….geputzt (I brushed/cleaned)
5 Let’s have a look at the different forms of ‘haben’ IchduSie (formal)er (he, e.g. mein Bruder)sie (she, e.g. meine Schwester)es (it) / man (one)wirihrsie (plural)habehasthabenhathathathabenhabthaben
6 How do you form this ‘Past Participle? Take the infinitive, e.g.Take away the ‘en’ endingInsert ‘ge’ and ‘t’That’s it for REGULAR VERBS! EASY!!putzenputzgeputzt
7 Regular verbs using ‘haben’ Ichhabemeine ZähnegeputztIchhabemeine SachengepacktErhateine HosegekauftErhatdie HoseanprobiertEshatSpaßgemacht
8 Have you noticed….?There was one exception to the rule: there are some verbs, e.g. anprobieren, fotografieren, fotokopieren, besuchen etc. that end in ‘t’ but do not have the ‘ge’ at the front. Why? It doesn’t sound right!!
9 Irregular verbs using ‘haben’ IchhabemichgewaschenWirhabenMittaggegessenIchhabemeine FreundegetroffenDuhastdas Hausverlassen
10 Have you noticed….? Most Participles start with ‘ge’ and end in ‘en’ This is often the case with IRREGULAR VERBS or STRONG verbs.Some verbs also have a ‘stem’ change like ‘getroffen’Exception: there are some verbs, e.g. verlassen that end in ‘en’ but do not have the ‘ge’ at the front. Why? It doesn’t sound right!!
11 Some verbs like ‘gehen’ totally do their own thing and have the conjugated form of ‘sein’ (to be) + PAST PARTICIPLE
12 Let’s have a look at the different forms of ‘sein’ IchduSie (formal)er (he, e.g. mein Bruder)sie (she, e.g. meine Schwester)es (it) / man (one)wirihrsie (plural)binbistsindistististsindseidsind
13 Irregular verbs using ‘sein’ Wirsindnach HausegefahrenSieistin die KüchegegangenIchbinum 7 UhraufgewachtEristum 8 Uhraufgestanden
14 Verbs that take ‘sein’ instead of ‘haben’ are usually verbs that express movement, e.g. going or travelling somewhereHowever, when there is a change of ‘state’, you also need to use ‘sein’. Example: You were asleep but now you are awake – change of state You weren’t born but then you came into this life – change of stateIch bin ….geboren (I was born) Er ist….gestorben (He died) Ich bin ….umgezogen (I moved)