2Sankt Nikolaus Catholic bishop and saint in the 4th century From Myra = a small ancient city on the coast of the Aegean Sea in modern-day TurkeyPatron saint of children and studentsHad a reputation for secret gift-givingWould leave coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him
3Nikolaustag Celebrated in Catholic regions of Germany and Austria On the night of December 5th, Sankt Nikolaus goes from house to house to deliver small gifts to the children
4Nikolaus Symbols Miter = a special tall pointed hat worn by bishops Crozier = a hooked staff carried by a bishop; represents a shepherd’s staff because a bishop is the “shepherd” of the peopleChildren in Tub = show Nicholas as the protector of children; from the story rescuing young children from the evil butcher or innkeeperGold Coins = to represent money Nicholas gave to the poor
5Tales of Nikolaus Gave money to the poor Brought storms to a standstillSaved a ship from sinkingSaved a village from starvationAnd more!
6NikolaustagChildren leave their Schuhe oder Stiefeln by the window or the door on the night of fünften DezemberThey awaken the next day to discover kleine Geschenke und Schokolade stuffed into the shoes, left by Sankt Nikolaus
7Er füllt die Teller und die Stiefeln mit …. ÄpfelnKeksenOrangenNüssenSchokoladeBonbons
8Knecht RuprechtNikolaus also has a “side-kick” = Knecht Ruprecht (means Servant Rupert).His role is to scare the naughty children.He typically is depicted as carrying eine Rute (a birch stick) and a bag of ashes and coal.While Nikolaus fills up the good children’s shoes with little gifts, Knecht Ruprecht fills up the naughty children’s shoes with coal, sticks, stones, etc.
11Der KrampusIn some parts of southern Germany and Austria, the Krampus is the companion of St. Nikolaus. On the evening of December 5th (die Krampusnacht), the Krampus leaves coal and twigs in the boots of all the naughty children.
12Der KrampusIn older tales of the Krampus, it is said that he punished the bad children by capturing them in his sack and taking them back to his lair!
13KrampuskartenEuropeans have been exchanging greeting cards featuring Krampus since the 1800sUsually have humorous poems and rhymesKrampus often featured looming menacingly over children
15Der BelsnickelIn southwestern Germany, the companion to St. Nikolaus is der BelsnickelMan wearing fur over his entire body and, sometimes, a maskDoes not visit on the same night as St. Nikolaus visits the children beforehand to check on their behavior
16Krampus Videos! Here Comes Krampus The Krampus Song A Krampus Carol (by Anthony Bourdain)Krampus on the Colbert ReportDwight Schrute as Belsnickel
17Das NikolausliedLasst uns froh und munter sein, und uns recht von Herzen freu'n! Refrain: Lustig, lustig, traleralera, bald ist Nikolausabend da! bald ist Nikolausabend da! Dann stell' ich den Teller auf, Nikolaus legt gewiss was drauf. RefrainWenn ich schlaf', dann träume ich: Jetzt bringt Nikolaus was für mich. Refrain Wenn ich aufgestanden bin, lauf' ich schnell zum Teller hin. Refrain Nikolaus ist ein guter Mann, dem man nicht genug danken kann.Refrain