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Deutsch Year 7 Language Guide Name: …………………………………………

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1 Deutsch Year 7 Language Guide Name: …………………………………………
Klasse: …………………………………………

2 Contents: 3 Phonics 22 Map of Germany 4 Pronunciation Tips 23
Countries 5 Group Talk Card 24 “A” and “the” 6 Learning Styles 25 Describing a place 7 Memory Strategies 26 Prepositions 8 Word/Picture links 27 Subject Pronouns 9 Vocabulary Learning 28 Present Tense 10 Listening & Reading 29 Haben, sein, werden 11 Core Language 30 High Frequency Verbs 12 Levels Progress 31 Animals 13 Skills Progress 32 Family 14 Levels Record Grid 33 Character 15 Writing Checklist 34 School Subjects 16 Greetings 35 Opinions 17 Questions 36 Telling the time 18 Useful phrases 37 Time (2) 19 Numbers 38 Clothes 20 Months/Days 39 What are you wearing? 21 School bag/Colours 40 A&E Descriptions

3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Hi Hai! Mäuse Bär Haus Buch
ein Ei Deutsch die Biene Introduce each with an action. Keep repeating/practising with actions so that it becomes easy to correct pronunciation with a simple gesture. Jo-jo Löwe Spinne Theater Vogel Zunge küssen Wildwasser-sport 3

4 Tips for pronouncing German
The good news about German pronunciation is that it obeys clear phonetic rules, although people do speak with different accents, depending on their region and background. German Letter(s) Sound Example Word ä e(lephant) Bär ai eye Hai au ow Haus äu oy Mäuse ch - Buch …….e u wohne ei drei eu Deutsch ie ee Biene j y Jo-Jo ö ur Löwe sch sh Schule sp/st shp/sht Spinne ß ss Fußball th t Theater ü oo fünf v f vier w Wildwasser z ts Zunge Bäcker Braun bäckt braune Brezeln Fischers Fritze fischt frische Fische Brautkleid bleibt Brautkleid und Blaukraut bleibt Blaukraut 4

5 Group Talk Support Card
Ich mag (Deutsch) (Deutsch) ist cool Was denkst du? Ja, das stimmt! Nein, das stimmt nicht Du spinnst! Ich denke … Extras!: Du hast Recht. Ich auch (nicht)! Doch! Du bist doof! Magst du? Wie findest du? 5

6 Learning Styles What is a learning style?
A learning style is simply a preference for the method by which you learn and remember what you learned. Where do learning styles come from? Your learning style will be influenced by your genetic make-up, your previous learning experiences, your culture and the society you live in. Why is it important to know about them? Your learning style will indicate how you (prefer to) learn, the types of learning activities that work best for you. If you know about your own learning style you can be more independent and more successful in your learning. Is my learning style fixed? You will always have the natural strength in your preferred learning style(s) but you can increase your learning power and use more of your brain by adding other learning style strategies to your preferred style. NB: Exams are mostly given in the visual, written learning style. Visual input and retrieval strategies work best for those types of exams. You may have some scores in each of the 3 learning styles but you will usually have a preference for 1 style. If you want to do a very short learning styles inventory to see which your preferred learning style is, go to - you will have to register with your address. I have done this and you receive further s from the site, which are easy to ignore/delete. It has not led to any increase in SPAM! 6

7 Memory Strategies Visual Learning Style Auditory Learning Style
learns best by seeing neat, orderly speaks quickly, holds head up, shoulders erect good long range planners good spellers memorises by strong visual associations functions best with overall view before proceeding has trouble remembering verbal instructions –unless written down Auditory Learning Style learns best through hearing likes to listen to talks, music or lectures good story tellers talks to self likes talking more than writing easily distracted by noise –generally can’t listen to someone talk on phone and listen to another person talking to them at the same time may have problems with projects involving visualisation likes jokes better than comics Kinaesthetic Learning Style learns best by doing and through movement often good athletes speaks more slowly memorises by moving around, walking etc.. gestures a lot doesn’t mind clutter/mess in workspace using action words when speaking wants to act things out 7

8 Word-Picture Association
Brain researchers have shown many times that the power of memory is multiplied many times if we connect an association to the picture asking: “What does this sound like/remind me of?” An association is simply something that is connected to and reminds us of something else. Author David Sousa says, “Whenever two events, actions or feelings are learned together they are said to be associated or bonded, so that the recall of one prompts the spontaneous recall of the other. The word Romeo elicits Juliet, Batman gets Robin.” Word-Picture association 1.Choose a word, look at it and say it out loud. 2. What does the sound of the word remind you of? (at this stage don’t think of the real meaning of the word, only what the sound of the word makes you think of) 3. Now think of the actual meaning of your new word. Create a picture (looking up and to the side) in your mind of your association and the real meaning of the word –make the mental image as humorous and detailed as you can and hold the picture in your mind. 4. Now draw the picture –use as much colour as you can as this also enhances memory! 5. Now write the word under the picture you have drawn. 6. In another colour write the English meaning of the word in the top corner (right or left depending on where your visual memory is) of the card. 7. Hold your card up above eye level in your own visual memory position and say the word and the English meaning several times. 8. As you are recalling each word, use your visual memory –look upward and to the right/left. You’ll find some more ideas for improving your memory on the next page. 8

9 Vocabulary Learning Strategies
Try some of these strategies out when you have vocabulary to learn at home. Make a crossword puzzle using all of your words. Provide a separate answer key. 25 points Pyramid your words, then translate E.g. B Bu Buc Buch Book Make flashcards with German on one side and English or picture on the reverse. Rainbow your words – each letter in a different colour, then translate. Make a PPT using pictures you’ve found online: each slide has a picture and German label.50 pts Write your words in code. Add answers after each coded word. Use word art and alphabetise your words/trans. 25 pts Write each word 3 times & translate once. 25 pts 9

10 Listening and Reading Strategies
Below are some ideas of strategies to help you work out the meaning of new words in reading and listening texts. Before you reach for a dictionary, can you use any of these strategies to help? Does a word look or sound like an English word? E.g. Haus, braun, Museum Do we know what part of the word means? E.g. Schokoladeneis, Handschuh Which words in a sentence/text do I already know? What do the rest of the words in the sentence mean? What is the context of the text? Can pictures/titles help? Can I spot any synonyms? (words that mean the same/similar) Can grammar help? Which tenses are in the text? Common sense … what could it mean? Can I make an educated guess? 10

11 + infinitive verb at the end of the sentence
KS3 German Core Language Asking questions: Wer? Who? Wo? Where? Was? What? Wann? When? Warum? Why? Wie? How? Wie viel? How much? Wie viele? How many? Time: jetzt: now manchmal: sometimes heute: today immer: always morgen: tomorrow dann: then gestern: yesterday oft: often letzte Woche: last week nächste Woche: next week diese Woche: this week nie: never Pronouns wohnen (to live) haben (to have) sein (to be) tragen (to wear) sehen (to see) ich I wohne habe bin trage sehe du you (sing.) wohnst hast bist trägst siehst er/sie/es he/she/it wohnt hat ist trägt sieht man (every)one wir we sind ihr you (plural) habt seid tragt seht Sie you (formal) sie they Sentence building Conjunctions und: and aber: but oder: or denn: because auch: also weil: because obwohl: although ich kann/man kann + infinitive verb at the end of the sentence I can/you can ich will I want to ich muss I have to/must ich werde I will ich mag I like to ich möchte I would like to Things das: that ein bisschen: a bit etwas: something zu: too nichts: nothing viel: much viele: many sehr: very Opinions Ich mag …(nicht): I (don’t) like … Ich liebe …: I love … Ich hasse …: I hate … Ich finde … : I find … Meiner Meinung nach …: In my opinion Ich denke/glaube … :I think/believe … 11

12 5 4 3 2 1 L S R W Year 7 Progress: Levels Listening Speaking Writing
I can understand the main points and opinions from a longer spoken passage, which includes reference to present and past or future. I can give a short, prepared talk, expressing my opinions and referring to present and past or future events. I can understand the main points and detail in written texts in various contexts, including present and past or future. I can write a short text on a range of familiar topics, using simple sentences, and referring to present and past or future events. I can understand the main points and some of the detail from a short spoken passage. I can take part in a simple conversation and give my opinions. My pronunciation and intonation are generally good. I can understand the main points and some detail from short written texts. I use context to help me deduce meaning. I can write a short text on a familiar topic, adapting language I know. I use memorised language well. I can understand the main points from a short spoken passage. I can ask and answer simple questions and talk about my interests. I can understand the main points from a short written text. I am able to use a dictionary with more confidence. I can write a few sentences with support, using language I have learnt. My spelling is understandable. I can understand a range of familiar words and phrases. I can answer simple questions and give back basic information. I can understand and read out familiar written phrases. I can use a dictionary to look up new words. I can copy a model to write 1 or 2 short phrases and complete the words on a simple form. I can understand a few familiar spoken words and phrases. I can say and repeat words and short, simple phrases. I can recognise and read out a few familiar words and phrases. I can write or copy simple words correctly. Listening Speaking Writing Reading 12

13 { { { { Pronunciation Memory Sentence- building Creativity Performance
Year 7 Progress: Skills { I can read text accurately that has new language in it I can use all the sentence-building support on the CL sheet to write a short text I can use the language I’ve learnt to make an activity for my class I can use strategies to memorise & give a short talk I take part confidently in role plays in front of the class I set myself targets & try to meet them { I can remember how to pronounce words correctly over time I can use strategies to memorise single words & sentences I can adapt the language I know to create a rap/song I take part 3 times per lesson in whole class interaction (co-teacher) I ask questions about language & act on my wishes I can use the linking words on the CL sheet to write a short paragraph { In class & at home I can sort out which words I know and don’t know I can repeat new words accurately & make links to phonics I can use the language I know to describe a photo I know how to use different parts of haben’, & ‘sein’ to build my own sentences I can look up new words confidently in a dictionary I talk confidently in paired dialogues in class. { In class I actively use music, song, gesture & colour to help me memorise I can adapt model sentences by changing 1 or 2 words to make new meanings I can use individual words to create a poem following a model I get started straight away on a new task I have learnt the phonics & remember the sounds I can memorise & perform a song in German. Pronunciation Memory Sentence- building Creativity Performance Autonomy 13

14 Assessment 1 Assessment 2 Assessment 3 Date Skills Level
Over all level Assessment 2 Date: Skills Level Over all level Assessment 3 Date: Skills Level Over all level End of Y ___ target level: 14

15 Year 7 Tick grid ? Present (reg) Present (haben, sein) adjectives links questions opinions reasons negatives Present (irreg) Future spelling errors } We will focus on these 4 during the Autumn Term. } We will add these during the Spring Term and combine with the first 4. } We will add these during the Summer Term and try to produce speaking and writing that includes all these elements. It’s always important to keep the number of spelling mistakes to a minimum! What is the tick grid? The tick grid is a tool to help you plan a piece of speaking or writing. You use it to decide what language to use in your work. It is also used by the teacher to mark your work and give you helpful information, for example, how many of each language element you tried to use and how many attempts were successful. It helps you to see clearly how you could improve on each piece for the next time. What is the ? column for? When you plan your work, your teacher will decide with you how many examples of each element you want to include. You write the number in the space provided. What are the smiley/sad faces for? Your teacher will put a line for each correct attempt in the smiley column and one for each unsuccessful attempt in the sad face column. It’s always better to have a mark in the sad face column than a complete blank. 15

16 Grüße Greetings Guten Morgen Good morning Guten Tag!/Grüß Gott Hello
Guten Abend Good evening Hallo Auf Wiedersehen Goodbye Tschüß bye Bitte please Danke thank you Wie geht’s How are you? Wie geht es Ihnen? How are you? (formal) Mir geht’s … I am… (literally “to me it’s …”) sehr gut great gut good/fine OK ok schlecht bad furchtbar awful Wie heißt du? What’s your name? Ich heiße … My name is… Ich wohne in … I live in….. Ich bin … Jahre alt. I am ……years old. Mein Geburtstag ist am … My birthday is on the …..of… Ich komme aus England I’m from England Ich habe einen Bruder (eine Schwester) I have a brother (sister) Mein Bruder/Meine Schwester heißt My brother (sister) is called.. Ich bin Einzelkind I’m an only child 16

17 Fragen Questions Wo? Where? Wer? Who? Wann? When? Was? What? Wie? How?
Warum? Why? Wie viel? How much? Wie viele? How many? Welche (r/s)? Which? Wie heißt du? What is your name? Wie alt bist du? How old are you? Wo wohnst du? Where do you live? Wann hast du Geburtstag? When is your birthday? Hast du Geschwister? Do you have brothers and sisters? Wie heißt dein Bruder? What is your brother called? Wie heißt deine Schwester? What is your sister called? Wie alt ist sie/er? How old is s/he? Magst du? Do you like……? 17

18 Nützliche Redewendungen Useful phrases
Ich mag I like Ich mag (nicht) I don’t like Ich liebe I love Ich hasse I hate Ich habe lieber I prefer denn because Es ist/es ist nicht It is/ it isn’t Es gibt/es gibt nicht There is/are There isn’t/aren’t sehr very ganz/ziemlich quite Darf ich auf Englisch sprechen? Can I speak in English? Wie sagt man … auf Deutsch? How do you say … in Spanish? Nochmal bitte! Can you repeat? Wie sagt man … auf Englisch? What is…..in English? Ich habe ein Problem/eine Idee I have a problem/idea Das habe ich vergessen I’ve forgotten Es ist fantastisch It’s great richtig/falsch right, wrong Danke Thank you Nichts zu danken. Don’t mention it Ich möchte I would like Ich habe/Ich habe kein(e/en) I have / I don’t have Ich verstehe nicht I don’t understand Ich brauche I need 18

19 German Numbers 19 1 eins 2 zwei 3 drei 4 vier 5 fünf 6 sechs 7 sieben
8 acht 9 neun 10 zehn 11 elf 12 zwölf 13 dreizehn 14 vierzehn 15 fünfzehn 16 sechzehn 17 siebzehn 18 achtzehn 19 neunzehn 20 zwanzig 21 einundzwanzig 22 zweiundzwanzig 23 dreiundzwanzig 24 vierundzwanzig 25 fünfundzwanzig 26 sechsundzwanzig 27 siebenundzwanzig 28 achtundzwanzig 29 neunundzwanzig 30 dreissig 31 einunddreissig 32 zweiunddreissig 33 dreiunddreissig 34 vierunddreissig 35 fünfunddreissig 36 sechsunddreissig 37 siebenunddreissig 38 achtunddreissig 39 neununddreissig 40 vierzig 41 einundvierzig 42 zweiundvierzig 43 dreiundvierzig 44 vierundvierzig 45 fünfundvierzig 46 sechsundvierzig 47 siebenundvierzig 48 achtundvierzig 49 neunundvierzig 50 fünfzig 51 einundfünfzig 52 zweiundfünfzig 53 dreiundfünfzig 54 vierundfünfzig 55 fünfundfünfzig 56 sechsundfünfzig 57 siebenundfünfzig 58 achtundfünfzig 59 neunundfünfzig 60 sechzig 61 einundsechzig 62 zweiundsechzig 63 dreiundsechzig 64 vierundsechzig 65 fünfundsechzig 66 sechsundsechzig 67 siebenundsechzig 68 achtundsechzig 69 neunundsechzig 70 siebzig 71 einundsiebzig 72 zweiundsiebzig 73 dreiundsiebzig 74 vierundsiebzig 75 fünfundsiebzig 76 sechsundsiebzig 77 siebenundsiebzig 78 achtundsiebzig 79 neunundsiebzig 80 achtzig 81 einundachtzig 82 zweiundachtzig 83 dreiundachtzig 84 vierundachtzig 85 fünfundachtzig 86 sechsundachtzig 87 siebenundachtzig 88 achtundachtzig 89 neunundachtzig 90 neunzig 91 einundneunzig 92 zweiundneunzig 93 dreiundneunzig 94 vierundneunzig 95 fünfundneunzig 96 sechsundneunzig 97 siebenundneunzig 98 achtundneunzig 99 neunundneunzig 100 hundert 19

20 Die Monate The months of the year Die Tage The days of the week
Januar January Februar February März March April Mai May Juni June Juli July August September Oktober October November Dezember December Die Tage The days of the week Montag Monday Dienstag Tuesday Mittwoch Wednesday Donnerstag Thursday Freitag Friday Samstag Saturday Sonntag Sunday Dates/Ordinal Numbers: 1st: ersten Otherwise: 3rd: dritten 1st-19th: number + “ten” e.g 5th = fünften 7th: siebten 20th + : number + “sten” e.g. 30th = dreissigsten 20

21 In meiner Tasche In my school bag Die Farben The colours ein Tagebuch
a diary ein Gummi a rubber ein Kuli a pen ein Lineal a ruler eine Schere a pair of scissors ein Füller ein Heft an exercise book ein Wörterbuch a dictionary ein Etui a pencil case ein Bleistift a pencil ein Buch a book ein Spitzer a pencil sharpener Die Farben The colours blau blue grün green braun brown grau grey schwarz black weiß white rot red gelb yellow rosa pink orange lila purple 21

22 Nord Deutschland Nordwest Nordost West Ost Südwest Südost Süd 22

23 Die Länder Ich wohne in … I live in Woher kommst du?
Where are you from? Ich komme aus … I am from… Australien Australia Schottland Scotland Spanien Spain Frankreich France Deutschland Germany Italien Italy Die Vereinigten Staaten The United States Wales England Irland die Schweiz Switzerland Österreich Austria Pakistan Polen Poland Namibia Neuseeland New Zealand Belgien Belgium 23

24 How to say ‘a’ and ‘the’: definite and indefinite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural In normal sentences (subject) the der die das a ein eine meine After “ich habe//es gibt” (object) den einen Rules about adjectives: An adjective is always describing something, and that word is a noun. In German if the adjective comes before the noun (e.g. a red car, the big hotel) you have to look at the noun’s gender and number and then decide which ending the adjective needs. Adjective ending table: Es gibt/Das Bild hat/Man sieht … (there is/are; the picture has; you see) M (der) F (die) N (das) Pl (die) einen eine ein zwei roten großen kleinen schöne große kleine historisches großes altes grüne Berg Stadt Schloss Bäume 24

25 Adjektiven, um ein Ort zu beschreiben(adjectives to describe a place)
steil steep eben flat hoch tall/high niedrig small/low hell light dunkel dark tief deep flach shallow laut noisy friedlich peaceful verschmutzt polluted sauber unpolluted dreckig dirty clean lustig fun langweilig boring hübsch pretty häßlich ugly schön beautiful ekelhaft disgusting ruhig calm stürmisch stormy belebt busy leer empty warm/heiß hot kalt cold gerade straight gewunden meandering reich rich arm poor glänzend shining dull trub groß big klein small riesig enormous winzig tiny zackig jagged glatt smooth neblig misty sonnig sunny 25

26 after/to (country/town)
Prepositions These are the most commonly used positioning words: an* on (the side of) auf* on (top of) hinter* behind in* in neben* next to über* above unter* below vor* in front of zwischen* between für for um around durch through bis until aus* out of mit* with von* from nach* after/to (country/town) gegenüber* opposite WARNING! Articles change after lots of prepositions. See below for changes to prepositions with a * Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural after ALL the above with * the dem der den a einem einer meinen 26

27 du ich er sie ihr Sie wir sie
Subject pronouns: du ich ich I du you (singular familiar) er he sie she Sie you (singular formal) wir we ihr you (plural familiar) they you (plural formal) er sie ihr Sie wir sie 27

28 Regular Verbs (e.g. spielen = to play)
The Present Tense To be able to use a regular verb in a sentence, take the infinitive verb, remove the –en and add one of the following endings depending on who is doing the verb. ich spiele I play du spielst You play (fam. Sing.) er/sie spielt He/She plays wir spielen We play ihr You play (Fam./plural) sie They play Sie You play (Polite/plural & sing) Regular Verbs (e.g. spielen = to play) Irregular verbs Irregular verbs in German, work exactly like regular verbs in the present tense, EXCEPT that in the du & er/sie forms, the first vowel might change. ich spreche I play du sprichst You play (fam. Sing.) er/sie spricht He/She plays wir sprechen We play ihr sprecht You play (Fam./plural) sie They play Sie You play (Polite/plural & sing) Irregular Verbs (e.g. sprechen = to speak) 28

29 HABEN, SEIN, WERDEN – irregular and very important
sein – to be ich bin I am du bist You are (Fam./sing.) er/sie/es ist He/she/it is wir sind We are ihr seid You are (Fam./plural) sie sind They are Sie sind You are (Polite/plural & sing) haben – to have ich habe I have du hast You have (Fam./sing.) er/sie/es hat He/She/it has wir haben We have ihr habt You have (Fam./plural) sie haben They have Sie haben You have (Polite/plural & sing) werden – to become ich werde I become du wirst You become (fam./sing.) er/sie/es wird He/She/it becomes wir werden We become ihr werdet You become (Fam./plural) sie werden They become Sie werden You become (Polite/plural & sing) 29

30 High Frequency Verbs Making Sentences 30 Infinitiv – DE
Infinitive – ENG Ich (I) du (you) er/sie/es (he/she/it) wir/sie/Sie (we/they/ you) arbeiten to work arbeite arbeitest arbeitet essen to eat esse isst fahren to travel/go fahre fährst fährt haben to have habe hast hat hören to listen höre hörst hört lernen to learn lerne lernst lernt lesen to read lese liest machen to make/do mache machst macht schreiben to write schreibe schreibst schreibt sehen to see sehe siehst sieht sein to be bin bist ist sind spielen to play spiele spielst spielt sprechen to speak spreche sprichst spricht trinken to drink trinke trinkst trinkt Making Sentences 1. Pronoun 2. VERB MUST be 2nd 3. Time phrase 4. Anything else! Extra details: e.g ... ich arbeite esse fahre habe höre lerne lese mache schreibe sehe bin spiele spreche trinke oft (often) manchmal (sometimes) (fast) jeden Tag ((almost) every day) einmal in der Woche (once a week) immer (always) selten (rarely) zu Hause (at home) Schokolade (chocolate) mit dem Bus (by bus) einen Hund (a dog) meine CD (my CD) Spanisch (Spanish) ein Buch (a book) Hausaufgaben (homework) gern () nicht gern () einen Brief (a letter) meine Freunde (my friends) intelligent (intelligent) Fußball (football) Deutsch (German) Cola (coke) 30

31 Die Tiere Ich habe … I have got… einen Vogel (pl. Vögel) a bird
einen Hund (pl. Hunde) a dog einen Fisch (pl. Fische) a fish eine Maus (pl. Mäuse) a mouse eine Schildkröte (pl. Schildkröten) a tortoise eine Katze (pl. Katzen) a cat ein Pferd (pl. Pferde) a horse ein Meerschweinchen (pl. - ) a guinea pig ein Kaninchen/eine Hase (pl. -) a rabbit 31

32 Die Familie der Bruder (pl. die Brüder) brother
die Schwester (pl. die Schwestern) sister der Vater father die Mutter mother die Eltern parents die Großmutter/Oma grandmother der Großvater/Opa grandfather der Cousin male cousin die Kusine female cousin die Tante aunt der Onkel uncle die Zwillinge twins der Zwillingsbruder twin brother die Zwillingsschwester twin sister die Tochter daughter der Sohn son der Halbbruder half-brother die Halbschwester half-sister der Stiefbruder step-brother die Stiefschwester step-sister der Stiefvater step-father die Stiefmutter step-mother der Enkel grandson die Enkelin a granddaughter 32

33 Character nett, freundlich/gemein nice, friendly/horrible ernst/lustig
serious/funny, fun fleissig/faul hard-working, studious/lazy selbstbewusst/schüchtern confident, outgoing/shy laut/leise talkative/quiet gewöhnt, egoistisch/großzügig spoilt, selfish/generous geduldig/ungeduldig patient/impatient gestresst/ruhig stressed/calm optimistisch/pessimistisch optimistic/pessimistic glücklich/traurig happy/sad gut, brav/frech, unartig good/bad, naughty ärgerlich/lieb annoying/pleasant eigensinning/gelassen stubborn/easy-going liebevoll/(gefühls)kalt affectionate/cold doof, dumm, verrückt/intelligent silly, mad, strange/intelligent fantasievoll,kreativ imaginative, creative interessant/langweilig interesting/boring 33

34 Die Schulfächer = school subjects
Naturwissenschaften sciences Sport PE Spanisch Spanish Französisch French Deutsch German Geografie/Erdkunde Geography Geschichte History Informatik ICT Englisch English Mathe Maths Musik Music Religion RE Techologie Technology Kunst Art Biologie Biology Chemie Chemistry Physik Physics Theater Drama die Pause break die Mittagspause lunch der Stundenplan timetable die Stunde lesson der Fach (pl. Fächer) subject 34

35 Meinungen = opinions Ich denke I think that Ich glaube I believe that
Meiner Meinung nach In my opinion.. Es/das ist/sie sind It is/they are gut good langweilig boring lustig fun schwer hard/difficult leicht/einfach easy nützlich useful nutzlos useless interessant interesting entspannend relaxing furchtbar terrible Ich mag der Lehrer/die Lehrerin I like the teacher Der Lehrer ist furchtbar the teacher is terrible nett/hilfsbereit nice/helpful aber but und and auch also Ich mag … I like… 35

36 Uhr Viertel vor nach Viertel halb**
Wie spät ist es? = What time is it? In German, just as in English, there are two ways of expressing the time: 2.15 (two fifteen) Es ist zwei Uhr fünfzehn 2.15 (quarter past two) Es ist Viertel nach zwei 2.55 (two fifty-five) Es ist zwei Uhr fünfundfünfzig 2.55 (five to three) Es ist fünf vor drei 2.30 (two thirty) Es ist zwei Uhr dreissig 2.30 (half past two) Es ist halb drei BEWARE!! Half past is tricky!! Here; literally half (before) three. Uhr fünf zehn Viertel vor nach Viertel zwanzig fünfundzwanzig halb** 36

37 Die Uhrzeit = Time Mittag midday Mitternacht midnight am Vormittag
(in) the morning am Nachmittag (in) the afternoon am Abend (in) the evening in der Nacht (in) the night Um acht Uhr abends at 8 p.m. Wann beginnt …? What time does…start? Wann endet …? What time does ..finish? der Unterricht lessons die Pause break die Mittagspause lunchbreak der Tag day der Schultag school day um at (at time) die erste/zweite/dritte Stunde first/second/third lesson am Montag in der ersten Stunde habe ich .. on Monday, first lesson I have … die erste Stunde beginnt um … first lesson starts at … zweimal in der Woche twice a week am Wochenende at the weekend in der Woche in the week 37

38 Kleidung = Clothing der Gürtel belt der Pullover jumper der Rock skirt
die Hose trousers die Jacke jacket/blazer die Jeans jeans die Strümpfhose tights das Hemd shirt das Kapuzensweatshirt hoodie das Kleid dress das Sweatshirt sweatshirt das T-Shirt t-shirt die Schuhe shoes die Shorts shorts die Socken socks die Stiefel boots die Turnschuhe trainers 38

39 Was trägst du? = What are you wearing?
Ich trage (wear) Du trägst Er/sie trägt Wir tragen Sie/sie tragen Masculine  einen roten grünen blauen praktischen Rock Pullover Hut Gürtel skirt jumper hat belt Feminine eine rote grüne blaue modische Hose Krawatte Bluse Jacke trousers tie blouse jacket ich hasse (hate) ich mag (like) ich finde (find) ich habe (have) ich möchte (would like) Neuter  ein rotes grünes blaues bequemes Hemd T-Shirt Kapuzensweatshirt Kleid shirt t-shirt hoodie dress Plural  - gestreifte Socken Schuhe Stiefel Handschuhe socks shoes boots gloves Was trägst du zur Schule? What do you wear to school? die Uniform uniform praktisch practical bequem comfortable unbequem uncomfortable eintönig dull/monotonous modisch fashionable cool eng tight schick trendy bunt colourful hässlich ugly gestreift striped Ich würde lieber … tragen I would prefer to wear … Ich muss … tragen I have to wear 39

40 Websites Umlaute ä = 132 ü = 129 Ö = 153 ß = 225 ö = 148
Hanley MFL Blog This site is free at all times MYLO has lots to offer – it works best if you set up your own account. This site is called Languages Online – it has lots of language learning activities for Spanish, French, German & Italian. The BBC website has a lot – it has a course called German Steps for beginners Click on topics (there are lots of other languages too) and follow the links to different activities. Umlaute To type characters with accents, either select INSERT + Symbol OR using the number keypad, hold down ALT and one of these numbers: Ä = Ü = 154 ä = ü = 129 Ö = ß = 225 ö = 148 40

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