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Achtung, Deutsch! German! Watch out!. German can be quite easy: beer house mouse computer freak to flip out = Bier = Haus = Maus = Computerfreak = ausflippen.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Achtung, Deutsch! German! Watch out!. German can be quite easy: beer house mouse computer freak to flip out = Bier = Haus = Maus = Computerfreak = ausflippen."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Achtung, Deutsch! German! Watch out!

2 German can be quite easy: beer house mouse computer freak to flip out = Bier = Haus = Maus = Computerfreak = ausflippen

3 similar spelling and similar pronunciation idiot it stinks shit weather forbidden = Idiot = es stinkt = Schiet (northern German dialect), most used in Schietwetter = Wetter = verboten

4 more similar spelling and similar pronunciation guest bed apple cat water world worm = Gast = Bett = Apfel = Katze = Wasser = Welt = Wurm

5 but watch out!!!!!! Achtung! bad to become gift eagle Bad (bath) bekommen (to get) Gift (poison) Igel (hedgehog)

6 So you better dont believe in what you believe it should mean! Der Igel bekommt Gift. DOES NOT MEAN The eagle becomes a gift. IT MEANS The hedgehog gets poison!!!!!!

7 more confusing stuff (schlecht) bad (Auge) eye (sehen) see (ernst) stern (Engel) angel (Dunst) mist (Rostschutz) preservative Bad (bath) Ei (egg) See (sea) Stern (star) Angel (fishing tackle) Mist (dung, rubbish) Präservative (condoms)

8 another common source for misunderstanding I will……sth. means: Im going to do sth. in the future. Ich will……etwas. means: I strongly desire (wish or want) to do (or have) sth.

9 The different sound of the vowels: Rhabarbermarmelade a verregneter September e oben ohne o Kuddelmuddel u keinerlei Einsicht ei Infinitiv i,ie Austausch au neue Freunde eu ärgerlicher Bär – ängstliche Lämmer ä schöne Töne ö Küchentücher ü bar (rhubarb jam) end (September spoiled by rain) over (topless) you (muddle, jumble) my (no understanding at all) bee (infinitive) house (exchange) loitering (new friends) man (angry bear – scared lambs) - (nice sounds) - (kitchen tissues)

10 You will not lean it in 21 minutes but nevertheless lets try the Ö and Ü Form you mouth to an o and say ee = Ö Form the mouth to a u and say ee = Ü Example: Füll den Müll nicht in die Frühstückstüte! (Dont fill the rubbish in the breakfast bag)

11 Something more you should now about vowels: Meer sounds like mehr (ocean)(more) Boot sounds like bot (boat)(bid) lehren sounds like leeren (to teach)(to empty) BUT Weg doesnt sound like weg

12 now to the consonants We Germans like the ch: Manch Schnarcher macht nachts Krach. (Someone snoring makes noise at night.)

13 more consonants Some words have 8 consonats in a row like *NGSTSCHR* Angstschrei (scream of fear)

14 triples Schifffahrt = boat trip Stofffetzen = piece of textil Eisschnelllauf = ice scate race Bassstimme= bass voice Kennnummer= identity number

15 triples Schifffahrt = Schiff-Fahrt = boat trip Stofffetzen = Stoff-Fetzen= piece of textil Eisschnelllauf = Eis-Schnell-Lauf = ice scate race Bassstimme= Bass-Stimme= bass voice Kennnummer= Kenn-Nummer= identity number Here you can see how important it is to know which are The parts of a word, so for example Rüdesheim is Rüdes-Heim and NOT Rüde-Sheim!

16 long words Berechtigungsscheinabgabe Dampfschifffahrtskapitän Einkommensteuererklärung Make up you own favourit longest word: Austauschschülerfehlverhalten (misbehaviour of exchange students)

17 common abbreviations z.B.zum Beispielfor example z.Zt.zur Zeitright now u.v.m.und vieles andere mehrand much more etc.et ceteraand so on usw.und so weiterand so on MfGmit freundlichen GrüßenSincerly Yours PKWPersonenkraftwagencar LKWLastkraftwagentruck AKW make a guess! ????????????

18 common abbreviations z.B.zum Beispielfor example z.Zt.zur Zeitright now u.v.m.und vieles andere mehrand much more etc.et ceteraand so on usw.und so weiterand so on MfGmit freundlichen GrüßenSincerely Yours PKWPersonenkraftwagencar LKWLastkraftwagentruck AKW Atomkraftwerk nuclear power plant

19 Der Die Das the, the, the the man der Mann (male) the woman die Frau (female) the girl das (!) Mädchen (neutal) (sorry, girls!) the sun (el sol) die Sonne the moon (la luna) der Mond ….dontt ask my why!

20 more of it to make it more confusing the woman die Frau you rememberdie Frau (female) Dont be desperate when you hear: Laß uns das Auto der Frau fahren! (Lets take the car of the women!) Gib der Frau einen Kuß! (Give a kiss to the women!) Thats grammar, so dont worry about der, die, das, Just give it a try, most Germans will understand you!

21 local dialects Many names for one thing: (sweet) roll Brötchen most common Rundstück in Hamburg Semmel in Bavaria Schrippe in Berlin

22 diminutions chen and lein,or le or i SchatzSchätzchenSchatzi/Schatzilein HausHäuschen / Häusle RoseRöslein HansHänschen (pronanciation!)(Jack) FrauFräulein ?Mädchen /Mädel Bissbißchen(a little bit) ein Bierein Bierchen (to make a large beer sound small)

23 This is also German

24 Sütterlin What is that? The Sütterlin Alphabet A common used German handwriting in the first half of the last century, also called Preußische Kanzeleischrift – Prussian chancellery script. The modern fonds often ignore the 2 different s The middle-s and the end-s. The middel-s and the z made the ß, An endangerd German speciality for sure.

25 documents in Sütterlin developed 1911, official writing from , after WWII taught at schools till the mid-70s

26 the ß is not a B ß is used like ss behind long vowels Straße(street) Floß(raft) Stoß(a push) In capitals we Germans have a problem: STRASSE or STRAßE ? But not STRABE! Like MASSE or MAßE or MASZE (there is a short-A Masse as well). Oh well…

27 Different keyboards The American and English keyboard layout is different from the German layout – most significant is the different position of the Z and Y, the additional ß, ü, ö and ä

28 groß oder klein The rule: The beginning of a sentence, nouns and names are written with a capital first letter, and so is the formal you : Du, Dir and Dein … as well as you (plural) Ihr, ihr because it can mean you (pl.) or their : Ihr habt ihr Auto benutzt. You have used their car. Ihr habt Ihr Auto benutzt. You have used your car.

29 to relax some Fremdworte flatrate/happy hour/roastbeef/servicepoint are used in Germany. In ads English is used frequently like Come in and find out for a drugstore. Do most Germans understand it?NO! A research showed, most people thought it meant: Walk in and try to find your way out!....

30 to relax more Fremdworte to download downloaden to zip zippen to en to upgrade upgraden ich upgrade du upgradest er upgradet wir upgraden ihr upgradet sie upgraden Thats how you conjugate the regular verbs…

31 irregular verbs The 80 (!) most common irregular verbs are listed in the smart and handy Verb-Fix Deutsch – Ideal zum Üben (perfect for excercizing) a MUST for everybodys wallet!!!!

32 an example brechen to break (or to vomit) ich breche ich brach ich habe gebrochen I break I broke I have broken The vowel is changing. Dont wait for rules – just learn it by heart!

33 verbs with extensions anhaltento stop ich halte anI stop ich hielt anI stopped ich habe angehaltenI have stopped Es ist besserIt is better to stop anzuhalten

34 numbers 1.000how much is it?

35 numbers 1.000how much is it? One thousand in Germany! One in the USA? 1,234, $ ,89 See the difference!

36 more about numbers How much are 1,000 x 1,000,000? ( one thousand times one million)

37 more confusing differences 1,000 x 1,000,000 = In Gemany:1 Milliarden In the USA:1 US billion 1 German Billion equals 1 US trillion…. (Talking about national depth, What difference does one or three 0 make?

38 another avoidable trap 7890 / 1890 Which year is it?

39 how to write numbers USA Germany 7890 = 7890 See the difference?

40 date and time September 22nd, 2007 or September 2007 or But at what time?

41 what time is it? a.m Uhr p.m Uhr Best time for Kaffe und Kuchen (tea time): Uhr or ½ 4, Uhr could be 5 vor ½ 4! Uhr can be called 3/4 4 or 1/4 vor 4 (nachmittags). So pay attention if you are invited at 17 Uhr or 7 Uhr !

42 liters and kilometers vs. gallon and miles Dont bother that 1 liter is US gallons, 1 liter is (10x10x10 cm)= 1,000 ccm water, but too bad you count in inches and miles, so ein Viertele ¼ liter vine = cubic inches Sometimes we Germans do use inches as well: For example the diameter of pipes for plumbing is measured in inches (Zoll).

43 °C°C Temperature converting is easy: 1 °F = 5/9 °C Freezing point is 32 °F = 0 °C It is 17 ° C in Bad Hersfeld today. How cold is it in °F ????????

44 °C°C 17 °C /5*9+32= 62.6 °F Baking sth. in Germany at 500 °F ? 500 °F /9*5 – 32= 248 °C That makes sense!

45 Something to learn by heart: Danke Bitte gern geschehen Ja/Nein Ich weiß nicht Entschuldigung Guten Appetit! Guten Morgen! Guten Tag! Guten Abend! Gute Nacht! Auf Wiedersehen! Bis bald! Tschüß/ Servus Ich hab Dich (Euch) lieb! thank you please youre welcome yes/no I dont know excuse me enjoy your meal good morning Hello Good night Good bye See you soon Bye bye I love you (all)!


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