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The German Islam Conference and Multiculturalism in Germany Emily Stephens, Shaun Cook, Rodanthi Dandoulaki.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "The German Islam Conference and Multiculturalism in Germany Emily Stephens, Shaun Cook, Rodanthi Dandoulaki."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 The German Islam Conference and Multiculturalism in Germany Emily Stephens, Shaun Cook, Rodanthi Dandoulaki

2 Our aims to understand the concept of multiculturalism and its place in Germany to understand the context and the aims of the German Islam Conference to analyse whether it has had its desired effect to determine why the policy of multiculturalism has failed in Germany to discuss the positive and controversial aspects of the conference in terms of multiculturalism

3 Discussion: What to do you think multiculturalism is? What do you think integration is?

4 Failure of Multiculturalism? A third of British people viewed multiculturalism as incompatible with British values. David Cameron referred to multiculturalism as ‘disastrous’ and ‘wrong headed’ in 2007. Hans Monath (2007): Islam is not compatible with European and German values. Wolfgang Schäuble states that the goal of the Islamkonferenz is, “eine bessere …Integration der muslimischen Bevölkerung und ein gutes Miteinander aller Menschen in Deutschland, gleich welchen Glaubens“

5 The context of the German Islam Conference (DIK) Immigrant integration as ‘a national priority’ 4.3 Million Muslims living in Germany ‘part of German society,’ ‘welcome in Germany’

6 to regulate communication between Muslims and state actors to secure Muslims’ integration into German society  tool for integration  a harmonious, prosperous, thriving living together  to make Muslims feel at home in Germany

7 Has the conference achieved its aims? Immigrant integration and the integration of Islam have have gained national relevance in Germany The involvement of migrants is only symbolic in nature A superior and inferior participant – Germany playing a steering role Muslims’ views not taken into account  Muslims not living harmoniously with other German citizens

8 Germany’s Integration Policy Pre-2000s: - integration was left primarily to civil society and market processes - different integration policies for different groups of migrants: 1. former guest workers and their families (referred to as Ausländer) 2. ethnic German migrants from Eastern Europe (Spätaussiedler) 3. Jewish individuals from the USSR, EU citizens and refugees 1998: centre-left coalition government initiates the Süßmuth commission – immigration debate begins

9 Leitkulturdebatte Christian Democratic Union (CDU) – creates own immigration commission & criticizes the government of jeopardizing “German cultural identity” Leitkultur: solely about culture? Jörg Schönbohm (CDU), spoke of “incompatible parallel societies of immigrants and Germans” - kulturpluralismus European/ Western values SHIFT: Culturally focused immigration policy & increasingly challenging socio-economic societal fabric

10 “Germany is a country of immigration, but…” Citizenship Law, 2000 Immigration Law, 2005 Law on the Transposition of European Union (EU) Directives, 2007

11 Other reasons why multiculturalism has failed The recognition of minority group rights Portrayal of immigrants Perception of growing parallel societies Exacerbation by terrorism and fanaticism The end of the multicultural project?

12 Revival of multiculturalism?

13 Controversies concerning participants Self-declared secular Muslims representing women’s issues Necla Kelek – critic of Islam the women do not represent the beliefs of all Muslims ‘one-sided image’ the German state only discussing certain issues with certain Muslims

14 Controversies concerning participants Muslim associations backed out of the conference - the Central Council of Muslims in Germany and the German Islamic Council - built on security and mistrust ‘the threat they pose’ ‘not a dialogue between equals’

15 Other criticisms Are the German state and the Muslims agreeing on where they want the future to lead? How wise is it to give a special place to Islam? Are multicultural policies even necessary? Do the efforts of the DIK conflict with other policies? Have the organizers even considered the generational effect?

16 Conclusion Is the DIK a form of multicultural governance? Does it warrant a new type of multiculturalism? Discussion: Do you think multicultural governance is more suited to societies today? Could this model be applied to the UK?

17 Bibliography Alexander, Jeffery C, ‘Struggling over the mode of incorporation: backlash against multiculturalism in Europe,’ Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36, (4) 2014. Amir-Moazami, Schirin, ‘Dialogue as a governmental technique: managing gendered Islam in Germany,’ Feminist Review, 98, (2011), 9-27. Bewarder, Manuel und Kogel, Eva Marie, ‘Islam spart Islamismus künftig aus,’ Die Welt, (2014), [accessed 13th April 2015] http://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article126151064/Islamkonferenz-spart-Islamismus- kuenftig-aus.html http://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article126151064/Islamkonferenz-spart-Islamismus- kuenftig-aus.html Dege, Stefen, ‘Questions of equality at the fore in German Islam Conference,’ Deutsche Welle, (2013), [accessed 15 April 2015]http://www.dw.de/questions-of-equality-at-the-fore-in-german- islam-conference/a-16794063http://www.dw.de/questions-of-equality-at-the-fore-in-german- islam-conference/a-16794063 Die Welt, ‘Deutsche Muslime wollen eigenen Wohlfahrtverband,’ (2015), [accessed 13th April 2015] http://www.welt.de/regionales/hessen/article138365887/Deutsche-Muslime-wollen-eigenen- Wohlfahrtsverband.html http://www.welt.de/regionales/hessen/article138365887/Deutsche-Muslime-wollen-eigenen- Wohlfahrtsverband.html Karakasoglu, Yasemin and Terkessidis, Mark, ‘Gerechtigkeit für die Muslime,’ Zeit Online, (2006), [accessed 3rd April 2015] http://www.zeit.de/2006/06/Petitionhttp://www.zeit.de/2006/06/Petition Kelek, Necla,‘In der Hand der Muslime.’ Die Welt, (2015), [accessed 13th April 2015] http://www.welt.de/print/die_welt/debatte/article136677572/In-der-Hand-der-Muslime.html http://www.welt.de/print/die_welt/debatte/article136677572/In-der-Hand-der-Muslime.html Korteweg, Anna and Triadatilopoulos, Triadafilos, ‘Is multiculturalism dead? Groups, governments and the ‘real work of integration.’ Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38, (5) 2015. Kurbjuweit, Dirk, ‘Islam Critic Necla Kelek: An Enthusiastic Defender of Freedom,’ Der Spiegel, (2010), [accessed 15 April 2015] http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/islam-critic-necla- kelek-an-enthusiastic-defender-of-freedom-a-686906.htmlhttp://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/islam-critic-necla- kelek-an-enthusiastic-defender-of-freedom-a-686906.html

18 Musch, Elisabeth, ‘Consultation Structures in German Immigrant Integration Politics: The National Integration Summit and the German Islam Conference’ German Politics, 21, (1), 2012, 73-90. Nordbruch, Götz, ‘Germany: Migration, Islam and National Identity.’ (pre-publication from from Syddansk Universtiy, 2011), http://static.sdu.dk/mediafiles/E/C/4/%7BEC494903-F28A-4260-862D- C718526E80AB%7D1109GN.pdf [pdf]. Last accessed 13th Apr 2015.http://static.sdu.dk/mediafiles/E/C/4/%7BEC494903-F28A-4260-862D- C718526E80AB%7D1109GN.pdf [pdf]. Last accessed 13th Apr 2015. Pautz, Hartwig, (2005). ‘The politics of identity in Germany: the Leitkultur debate,’ Institute of Race Relations. 46, (4), 2005, 39-52. Preuß, Roland, ‘Muslime sehen in Islamkonferenze “keinen Sinn mehr”.’ Süddeutsche Zeitung, (2013), [accessed 3rd April 2015] http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/treffen-in-berlin-muslime- sehen-in-islamkonferenz-keinen-sinn-mehr-1.1665131http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/treffen-in-berlin-muslime- sehen-in-islamkonferenz-keinen-sinn-mehr-1.1665131 Preuß, Roland, ‘Letzte Chance für die Islamkonferenz.’ Süddeutsche Zeitung, (2014), [accessed 3rd April 2015] http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/muslime-in-deutschland-letzte-chance-fuer-die- islamkonferenz-1.1869749http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/muslime-in-deutschland-letzte-chance-fuer-die- islamkonferenz-1.1869749 Preuß, Roland, ‘Agenda des Misstrauens,’ Süddeutsche Zeitung, (2013), [accessed 9th April 2015] http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/islamkonferenz-agenda-des-misstrauens-1.1667955 http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/islamkonferenz-agenda-des-misstrauens-1.1667955 Süddeutsche Zeitung, ‘„Islam gehört nicht zu Deutschland“,’ (2012), [accessed 9th April 2015] http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/volker-kauder-vor-der-islamkonferenz-islam-gehoert-nicht- zu-deutschland-1.1336261 http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/volker-kauder-vor-der-islamkonferenz-islam-gehoert-nicht- zu-deutschland-1.1336261 Süssmuth, Rick, ‘The Future of Migration and Integration Policy in Germany.’ Migration Policy Institute, (2009), www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/TCM-GermanPolicy.pdf.www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/TCM-GermanPolicy.pdf Tosuner, Hakan, ‘Policies of anti-discrimination and integration in Germany: The German Government Commissioner for Migration, Refugees And Integration.’ Centro de Estudos Sociais, (working paper n.d.), http://www.ces.uc.pt/projectos/tolerace/media/WP2/WorkingPapers%202_Germany.pdf http://www.ces.uc.pt/projectos/tolerace/media/WP2/WorkingPapers%202_Germany.pdf

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