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(Relative Pronouns and Relative Clauses in German) (Prof. Engel-Doyle, Version vom 20.11.2010)

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Präsentation zum Thema: "(Relative Pronouns and Relative Clauses in German) (Prof. Engel-Doyle, Version vom 20.11.2010)"—  Präsentation transkript:

1 (Relative Pronouns and Relative Clauses in German) (Prof. Engel-Doyle, Version vom )

2 Was wollte der Kaiser machen, dessen Armee Weinsberg erobert hatte ? (Zu:,,Die Weiber von Weinsberg) English equivalent: … the emperor …, whose army had conquered Weinsberg?

3 Der Kaiser … sagte: Morgen dürft ihr die Stadt verlassen, und die Dinge, die ihr auf eurem Rücken tragen könnt, dürft ihr auch aus der Stadt bringen. (Zu:,,Die Weiber von Weinsberg) English equivalent: … the things that/which you can carry on your back ….

4 Die Frauen … dachten nur an ihre Männer, die am nächsten Tag sterben sollten. (Zu:,,Die Weiber von Weinsberg) English equivalent: … their men folk, who were supposed to die the next day.

5 Was wollte der Kaiser machen, dessen Armee Weinsberg erobert hatte? The relative pronoun is called that (= relative) because it stands for and refers/relates to a specific preceding noun in another clause. That noun is called ANTECEDANT.

6 The relative pronoun is called that (= relative) because it stands for and refers/relates to a specific preceding noun in another clause. That noun is called ANTECEDANT. Der Kaiser … sagte: Morgen dürft ihr die Stadt verlassen, und die Dinge, die ihr auf eurem Rücken tragen könnt, dürft ihr auch aus der Stadt bringen.

7 Die Frauen … dachten nur an ihre Männer, die am nächsten Tag sterben sollten. The relative pronoun is called that (= relative) because it stands for and refers/relates to a specific preceding noun in another clause. That noun is called ANTECEDANT.

8 maskulin Sg. Nominativ Akkusativ Dativ Genitiv neutrum Sg.feminin Sg.Plural (m+n+f) The German relative pronoun forms are basically the same as the definite articles. However, in the dative plural, –en is added. Similarly, all genitive forms attach/add –en. In addition, in the genitive masculine and neuter, the -s- is doubled.

9 Unlike in English, the relative pronoun is NEVER OMITTED in German: Once upon a time, there was a young woman whom everybody called Cinderella. Once upon a time, there was a young woman _____ everybody called Cinderella. Once upon a time, there was a young woman _____ called Cinderella. Once upon a time, there was a young woman who was called Cinderella.

10 Unlike in English, the relative pronoun is NEVER OMITTED in German: The young man who rescued the princess was a prince. The young man ____ rescuing the princess was a prince.

11 Unlike in English, German relative clauses are ALWAYS SET OFF BY COMMAS (regardless whether they are defining or non-defining): The young man who rescued the princess was a prince. The frog king, who really was a human being under an evil spell, married the princess in the end.

12 Like most* subordinated/dependant clauses in German, German relative clauses have the CONJUGATED VERB at the VERY END: The young man who rescued the princess was a prince. Once upon a time, there was a young woman whom everybody called Cinderella. *The only exception to this rule are subordinate clauses with double infinitive structures. Unlike any other non-conjugated verb part which always is at the end, double infinitives go even behind the subordinate conjugated verb (which stays at the very end) to the very, very end of the subordinated clause.

13 Unlike in English, if there is a PREPOSITION connected to the relative pronoun, it ALWAYS PRECEDES (= goes before) the relative pronoun: The animal (that) Little Red Riding Hood talked with was a big bad wolf. The castle (that) the prince went into was under a bad spell. The castle into which the prince went was under a bad spell.

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19 maskulin Sg. Nominativ Akkusativ Dativ Genitiv neutrum Sg.feminin Sg.Plural (m+n+f) der den dem dessen die der deren die denen deren das dem dessen


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