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1) All nouns in German have a gender: masculine, feminine, or neuter. 2) The gender of a noun is determined by its definite article. der = masculine die.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "1) All nouns in German have a gender: masculine, feminine, or neuter. 2) The gender of a noun is determined by its definite article. der = masculine die."—  Präsentation transkript:

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2 1) All nouns in German have a gender: masculine, feminine, or neuter. 2) The gender of a noun is determined by its definite article. der = masculine die = feminine das = neuter * All plural nouns are feminine!!!!!!!!!! The gender may also be identified by the indefinite article of the noun. ein = masculine or neuter eine = feminine

3 The definite and indefinite articles of nouns change their forms depending on the function of the noun in a sentence. This is called declension of the noun by case. There are four cases in the German language: Nominative = subject Genitive = object of the preposition (not shown in this book series) Dative = indirect object Accusative = direct object

4 Nominative Case is the subject case. Nouns are in the Nominative Case when they are the doers of the action in the sentence. Nominative Case is the subject case. Nouns are in the Nominative Case when they are the doers of the action in the sentence. With Nominative Case, we use der, die, and das with the nouns. With Nominative Case, we use der, die, and das with the nouns. We can also use ein and eine. We can also use ein and eine.

5 Der Mann läuft 100 Meter. Der Mann läuft 100 Meter. Die Beatrice springt weit. Die Beatrice springt weit. Das Buch ist interessant. Das Buch ist interessant. Ein Schüler wirft Speer. Ein Schüler wirft Speer. Eine Mutter liebt uns immer. Eine Mutter liebt uns immer.

6 Accusative Case is the direct object case. Nouns are in the Accusative Case when they are the receivers of the action of the verb. Accusative Case is the direct object case. Nouns are in the Accusative Case when they are the receivers of the action of the verb. With Accusative Case the article der changes to den. With Accusative Case the article der changes to den. The ein for masculine nouns changes to einen. The ein for masculine nouns changes to einen. Feminine and neuter nouns keep their articles. Feminine and neuter nouns keep their articles.

7 Ich sehe den Mann. Ich sehe den Mann. Sie wirft den Ball im Park. Sie wirft den Ball im Park. Ich trinke einen Kaffee. Ich trinke einen Kaffee.

8 Pronouns also change case. Pronouns also change case. Nominative Case Pronouns ich wir duihr ersie sieSie es

9 Accusative Case Pronouns michuns dicheuch ihnsie sieSie es

10 Masculine nouns have the most changes. der Mann Nder Mannein Mann Gdes Manneseines Mannes Ddem Manneinem Mann Aden Manneinen Mann Der Mann sieht den Hund. Den Mann sieht der Hund.

11 Feminine nouns have the fewest changes. die Frau Ndie Fraueine Frau Gder Fraueiner Frau Dder Fraueiner Frau Adie Fraueine Frau

12 Neuter nouns have fewer changes than masculine, but more than feminine. Das Kind Ndas Kindein Kind Gdes Kindeseines Kindes Ddem Kindeinem Kind Adas Kindein Kind

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