Präsentation zum Thema: "Imperfekt (Simple Past) Irregular or strong verbs."— Präsentation transkript:
Imperfekt (Simple Past) Irregular or strong verbs
Irregular (or strong) verbs do not follow the rules. They have the “strength” to change their stem in the past tense.
The past participle of trinken is trank. An example of a strong verb is trinken.
This is true in English as well. The past tense of “to drink” is not “drinked” but rather “drank”. If trinken were not a strong verb, the past tense would be trinket; but it isn’t, it’s trank.
Notice that “trank” is just like “drank” except that in English we changed the “t” to a “d”. This is true of lots of words in English. The German “t” often became a “d” as the English language evolved.
BTW: Words like “trank” that only need one sound change to be the same as the English word are called “Grimm’s cognates”. Can you guess which words these became in English? a.salad b. cold c. good d. old 1. gut 4. kalt2. Salat 3. alt
Back to Strong Verbs: What do we have to know about strong verbs? Two things: 1-They change their stem. 2- Strong verbs do not take an ending for the “ich” or “er” form. Everything else is just like the regular (or weak) verbs.
How does it work? Example: trinken Changes to trank trank trankst trank tranken trankt tranken Notice no ending on the ich or er form. Otherwise the endings are just like present tense. eine Limonade. ich du er wir ihr sie Sie
trinken trank Ich ______ gern Limonade. trank
Ich _______ gern Pommes! essen aß
sehen sah Ich ______ einen Mann. sah
schlafen schlief Ich _________ viel. schlief
gehen ging Ich ______ in die Schule. ging
Was passt zusammen? a.trank b.ass c.sah d.schlief e.ging