Präsentation zum Thema: "Imperfekt (Simple Past) Irregular or strong verbs"— Präsentation transkript:
1Imperfekt (Simple Past) Irregular or strong verbs
2Irregular (or strong) verbs do not follow the rules Irregular (or strong) verbs do not follow the rules. They have the “strength” to change their stem in the past tense.
3An example of a strong verb is trinken. The past participle of trinken is trank.
4If trinken were not a strong verb, the past tense would be trinket; but it isn’t, it’s trank. This is true in English as well. The past tense of “to drink” is not “drinked” but rather “drank”.
5Notice that “trank” is just like “drank” except that in English we changed the “t” to a “d”. This is true of lots of words in English. The German “t” often became a “d” as the English language evolved.
6BTW: Words like “trank” that only need one sound change to be the same as the English word are called “Grimm’s cognates”. Can you guess which words these became in English?2. Salat4. kalt1. gut3. altsalad b. cold c. good d. old
7What do we have to know about strong verbs? Back to Strong Verbs:What do we have to know about strong verbs?Two things:1-They change their stem.2- Strong verbs do not take an ending for the “ich” or “er” form.Everything else is just like the regular (or weak) verbs.
8How does it work? Example: trinken Changes to trank trank trankst ich trankentranktichduerwirihrsieSieNotice no ending on the ich or er form. Otherwise the endings are just like present tense.eine Limonade.