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Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean SeaWIFS AOT June 2008 Jäger,

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean SeaWIFS AOT June 2008 Jäger,"—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean SeaWIFS AOT June 2008 Jäger, Malte 1 ; Lelli, Luca 1 ; von Hoyningen-Huene, Wolfgang 1 ; Vountas, Marco 1 ; Burrows, John Philip 1 *Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP), Bremen Project information: working group: IUP (Cloud Aerosol Surface PArameter Retrieval group) cooperation with MARUM : Jan-Berend Stuut, Ute Merkel, Gerhard Fischer, Carmen Friese Frascati,

2 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Content Motivation The whole project Study area & aims Retrieval method Preliminary results Summary & outlook Frascati, / 14

3 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Motivation [Winckler, et. al.] Frascati, / 14

4 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Study Area & Aims SeaWIFS AOT June 2008 Dust deposition: estimation of mass loss along transport trajectory Comparison with sedimentation records Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean west of Sahara, e.g. Cape Blanc Frascati, / 14

5 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Main Goal: Establish the relationship between dust sedimentation at sea bottom and atmospheric dust load The whole project Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Interdisciplinary Project Institute of Environmental Physics, Uni Bremen Frascati, / 14

6 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Retrieval Method Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Step 1: Aerosol / dust data AOT data (BAER SeaWiFS, BAER OE MERIS, MISR, …) Identification of aerosol type (dust): AAI UV Estimation of the columnar aerosol load from AOT Aerosol optical thicknesscolumnar aerosol mass size distribution & density of dust needed.. … ….... … …....… ….... … ….... … …....… ….. h Frascati, / 14

7 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Retrieval Method Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Step 2A: Deposition estimation Dust deposition: estimation of mass loss along transport trajectory Definition of several boxes along trajectory of dust transport Difference in AOT between boxes -> deposition M 2 M 1 Using long term averages of dust mass change over a reference area Frascati, / 14

8 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Retrieval Method Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Step 2B: Transport trajectories Wind data: ECMWF reanalysis {+ satellite data} Transport level / altitude: 1.wind data ~ 1.5km 2.retrieval run 3.new wind level adapted to situation: assumption: high deposition lot of dust at low level -> the higher the deposition from 1 st run, the lower the relevant wind level 4.2 nd retrieval run with adapted wind data Box orientation and form adapted to trajectory Future improvements: aerosol profiles, e.g. CALIPSO CALIOP Frascati, / 14

9 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik First test and visualization Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Limitations: Transport: Real wind not considered Assumption: easterly-winds Coarse spatial resolution: ~1° AOT, deposition fields 2° x 2° Low temporal resolution: monthly mean AOT Frascati, / 14

10 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Preliminary Results 1 Example: MISR L3 AOT: Time series and images Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Two boxes (M1, M2): AOT: strong maximum in summer clear and repeating minimum around winter (+ small maximum) Deposition: AOT M2 < AOT M1 => deposition strong signal during summer Frascati, / 14

11 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Preliminary Results 2: SeaWiFS Data: Boxes: Latitude for all: 20-22°N 1. 13,5 - 15,5 ° W 2. 15,5 - 17,5 ° W 3. 17,5 - 19,5 ° W 4. 19,5 - 21,5 ° W 5. 21,5 - 23,5 ° W Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean [Hoyningen-Huene] Frascati, / 14

12 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Preliminary Results 2: SeaWiFS Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean [Hoyningen-Huene] [data: Hoyningen-Huene, Yoon, Fischer] Deposition derived from AOT and real sedimentation Sediment trap, Picture: Stuut Correlation: Data: Frascati, / 14

13 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Summary & outlook Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Frascati, Article summarizing the project: Luca Lelli, W. von Hoyningen-Huene, M. Vountas, M. Jäger and J.P. Burrows ; Dust deposition rates derived from optical satellite observations; Past Global Changes Magazine; Volume 22, / 14 First retrieval to measure dust deposition from satellites Main idea: evaluation of AOT changes along transport path of dust Promising results from first tests, even though these included many simplifying assumptions -> correlation with in-situ observations Implementation of real trajectories upcoming Calibration for mass deposition rates (using particle size distribution and in-situ measured deposition rates) Identification of mineral dust via AAI UV Detailled comparison with in-situ data from sediment traps and surface dust collectors

14 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Thank you for your attention Questions? Frascati, / 14

15 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Thank you for your attention Questions? Frascati,

16 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Frascati,

17 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Instrument: SeaWiFS [NASA] SeaStar satellite with SeaWiFS on board Instrument Bands BandWavelength nm nm nm nm nm nm nm nm instrument characteristics: Mission Characteristics Orbit Type Sun Synchronous at 705 km Equator Crossing Noon +20 min, descending Orbital Period99 minutes Swath Width 2,801 km LAC/HRPT (58.3 degrees) Swath Width 1,502 km GAC (45 degrees) Spatial Resolution1.1 km LAC, 4.5 km GAC Revisit Time1 day time of operation: Frascati,

18 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Motivation Aerosols play an important role in climate development: warming effect cooling effect (mineral dust) [IPCC 2013] Frascati, / 14

19 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Motivation [ESA: ENVISAT MERIS] Mineral dust has an influence on the oceans -> Fertilisation Climate … Frascati,

20 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Aerosol Absorbing Index (UV) Frascati, [Pepijn Veefkind, et. al., KNMI]

21 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Aerosol Absorbing Index (UV) Frascati, [Pepijn Veefkind, et. al., KNMI]

22 Physik Fachbereich 1 Institut für Umweltphysik Satellite Based Retrieval of Desert Dust Deposition into the Atlantic Ocean Aerosol Absorbing Index (UV) Frascati, [Pepijn Veefkind, et. al., KNMI]


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