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Hans-Hermann Frese Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin Takustraße 7 14195 Berlin-Dahlem.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Hans-Hermann Frese Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin Takustraße 7 14195 Berlin-Dahlem."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Hans-Hermann Frese frese@zib.de Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin Takustraße 7 14195 Berlin-Dahlem

2 Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik in Berlin-Dahlem

3 Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin founded in 1984 by the Senate of Berlin: Gesetz über das Zentrum für Informationstechnik (ZInfG) Dual Concept qSC: scientific computing qCS: computer science & computer services ~200 staff members inclusive students and regular guests

4 The Roots: Konrad Zuse 1938: Zuse Z1,first programmable mechanical computer destroyed in World War II 1941: Zuse Z3, first programmable electromagnetic computer 2000 relays, 1/3 Flop/s Z1 has many features of a modern computer: freely programmable separate memory control unit with micro sequencer floating point arithmetic Konrad Zuse 1920 - 1995

5 Konrad-Zuse Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin ZIB Konrad Zuse (middle) discussing the plans for the new ZIB building with the President and Vice President of ZIB

6 ZIB Management Peter Deuflhard (1986, President), Numerical Methods Freie Universität Berlin Martin Grötschel (1991, Vice-President), Discrete Methods Technische Universität Berlin Alexander Reinefeld (1998), Computer Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Henry Thieme (1990), Administration

7 Scientific Computing Peter Deuflhard Martin Grötschel Verwaltungsrat Freie Universität Berlin (FUB) Humboldt-Universität Berlin (HU) Technische Universität Berlin (TUB) Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM) Hahn-Meitner-Institut Berlin (HMI) Max-Delbrück-Centrum für Molekulare Medizin (MDC) Senat von Berlin - Wissenschafts- und Wirtschaftsverwaltg Wissenschaftlicher Beirat W. Büttner München H.-J. Lichtfuß Berlin Th. Liebling Lausanne A.K. Louis Saarbrücken J. Römelt Leverkusen K.-V. von Schöning Berlin B. Winter Düsseldorf President Peter Deuflhard Vice President Martin Grötschel Administration Henry Thieme Computer Science Alexander Reinefeld Zulassungsausschuß W. KochBerlin V. LinkeBerlin J. ManzBerlin F. ThieleBerlin D. StaufferKöln U. WolffBerlin L. ZülickePotsdam ZIB Organisation Chart

8 The Two Faces of ZIB CS Computer Services Supercomputing Services qCray T3E qMass Storage User Consulting qefficient use of HPC qnetworking Computer Science Research Architecture qSAN interconnects Middleware qdistributed HPC computing qresource management Demonstrator Applications qbioinformatics

9 Computer Science A. Reinefeld Computer Science A. Reinefeld Operating R. Götz Operating R. Götz Supercomputer Operation Accounting and Statistics Backup Services Supercomputer Operation Accounting and Statistics Backup Services High-Performance Computing H. Busch High-Performance Computing H. Busch User Software Operating Systems User Software Operating Systems WAN Management BRAIN Office WAN Management BRAIN Office User Consulting Computer Science Research A. Reinefeld Computer Science Research A. Reinefeld Innovative Architectures System Software Benchmarking Innovative Architectures System Software Benchmarking Metacomputing Internal Computer Services W. Pyszkalski Internal Computer Services W. Pyszkalski HW / SW Installation Service for Workstations and PCs HW / SW Installation Service for Workstations and PCs Network Services LAN Management Network Services LAN Management HW Laboratory

10 Delivered Computing Power

11 History 1987 (32 MB) - 1992 (128 MB) – 1994: Cray X-MP/24, 2 CPUs 1 Gbyte/s high speed channel I/O subsystem with 2 PEs solid state storage: 128 MWords 421 MFlop/s 1994 (192 PEs) - 1995 (256 PEs) – 1998: Cray T3D SC-256 (TOP1 in Germany, 1994 – 1996) 128 MB / node 34 GFlop/s

12 Current Systems SGI Cray T3E, 384 (408) PEs 256 Alpha EV5.6 450 MHz 128 Alpha EV5.6 600 MHz 67 GB memory UNICOS/Mk F90, C, C++, HPF MPI, PVM, shmem 403 GFlop/s peak Cray J932/16 16 CPU J90, 100 MHz 8 GB shared memory UNICOS F90, C, C++ MPI, PVM, shmem 3 GFlop/s peak

13 Mass Storage @ ZIB Two StorageTek Robots for max. 12,0000 cassettes cassettes & drives q1999: 3000 Redwood cassettes, 8 x STK SD3 ACS drives capacity 50 GB bandwidth15 MB/s mount/dismount:45/45 s Ø positioning time: 53 s q2000: 700 STK 9840 Eagle cassettes, 4 x STK 9310 ACS drives capacity 20 GB bandwidth10 MB/s mount/dismount:13/11 s Ø positioning time:11 s q2001: x TC60 cassettes (> 60 GB) >10 drives migration software: DMF (SGI/Cray) NetBackup (Veritas)

14 Mass Storage @ ZIB

15 Cray J90Cray T3E Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin Operating CenterTape Robot

16 Power Users @ ZIB (2000) Physics & Astrophysics qQuantum Chromodynamics (Linke, FU; Müller-Preußker, HU, Schierholz, DESY Zeuthen) qDust formation on long-periodic variables (Sedlmayr, TU) qComputational relativity and relativistic astrophysics (Seidel, AEI-MPG, Golm/Potsdam ) Chemistry qCar-Parinello MD studies on metal surfaces (Christmann, FU) qAb initio calculations of transition metal enzymes (Lubitz, TU) qStructure and reactivity of transition metal complexes (Schwarz, TU) qStructure, dynamics and reactivity of large chemical systems (Sauer, HU) qQuantum dynamics of molecules, clusters and adsorbate systems (Manz, FU) Fluid Dynamics qLES and DNS in Complex Geometries (Thiele, TU; Kaltenbach, TU) qAerodynamic Design Simulation and Turbulence Modeling (Thiele, TU) Environmental Sciences qOcean Modeling (Kielmann, CAU Kiel) qClimate-Middle Atmosphere Modeling (Labitzke, FU) qLES for Atmospheric Flows (Raasch, Uni Hannover)

17 BRAIN + : Berlin Research Area Information Network (managed by ZIB)

18 Universität Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein CRAY T90, 4 CPUs, 1 GByte (7 GFlop/s) CRAY SV1, 20 CPUs J90se (4 GFlop/s) Cray T3E-1200 AC 18 Universität Hannover, Niedersachsen Fujitsu VPP 300, 4 CPUs, 8 GB (8 GFlop/s peak) CRAY T3E-900 AC 20 (18 GFlop/s) Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin CRAY T3E-900/1200, 386 nodes (403 GFlop/s) CRAY J90, 16 nodes (3 GFlop/s) NVV - Norddeutscher Vektorrechnerverbund Berlin, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein Co-ordinated investement and co-operative use of HPC

19 HLRN = High-Performance Computer North consortium of six northern German states: qBerlin qBremen qHamburg qMecklenburg-Vorpommern qNiedersachsen qSchleswig-Holstein extension of NVV 70 Mio. DM for HPC complex Berlin/Hannover German Wissenschaftsrat says: most innovative project in science politics

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