Märchen fangen fast immer an mit "Once upon a time," oder "Es war einmal…”
Fairy tales often have no specific time or place, other than a long time ago in a land far away… The fairy tale might take place in an undetermined castle, forest, or town. This is the setting.
In einem Märchen gibt es: Kind, innocent, helped by others, clever, will win in the end (glücklich) Will lose and/or be punished in the end (bestraft worden) A good character Der Held/die Heldin An evil character Das Böse
Often, one or more of these characters will be royalty.