5 Definition Official Development Assistance (ODA): "those flows to developing countries and multilateral institutions provided by official agencies, including state and local governments, or by their executive agencies, each transaction of which meets the following tests:a) it is administered with the promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries as its main objective, andb) it is concessional in character and contains a grant element of at least 25 per cent." DAC (Development Assistance Committee) der OECDZuschußelement (grant element): Unterschied OEH-Kredit und Kredit mit 10% Zinsen (gemessen in Kapitalwerten)Beispiele, gerade >25% (OECD 1985, p.172):- 4 %, 7 Jahre Laufzeit, 3 Jahre tilgungsfrei- 5 %, 11 Jahre Laufzeit, 4 Jahre tilgungsfrei- 5 %, 15 Jahre Laufzeit, keine tilgungsfreie Zeit
8 Broadened and Deflated Totals ODA by DAC MembersBroadened and Deflated Totals(% of GSP)DAC-value *)minusadmin. costsrefugeesemerg.& dis.reliefemergency food aiddebt forgivenesscapital subscrcontrib. to NGOsstudents (imputed)former Commun. CODA-InflatorSources: Raffer (1998), based on OECD-data(various publications)
9 Broadened and Deflated Totals ODA by DAC MembersBroadened and Deflated Totals(% of GSP)Official DAC-valueDeflated ODAODA-InflatorSource: Raffer 1998aTable 6.2: Corrected ODA and OA by DAC Members(% of GSP)Deflated ODAOATotalQuelle: Raffer & Singer 2001/2004, p.89
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