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Basic Rules for Relative Pronouns in German: 1)In German, relative pronouns must be used. 2)When writing, commas must be used before introducing a relative.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Basic Rules for Relative Pronouns in German: 1)In German, relative pronouns must be used. 2)When writing, commas must be used before introducing a relative."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Basic Rules for Relative Pronouns in German: 1)In German, relative pronouns must be used. 2)When writing, commas must be used before introducing a relative clause 3)Relative pronouns act much like subordinating conjunctions in German in that they send the primary conjugated verb to the end of the relative clause.

2 A definite relative pronoun must agree in gender and number with the noun or pronoun to which it refers which is often called the antecedent. The case of the relative pronoun is determined by its use within the relative clause. Das ist der Hund, den ich gesehen habe. Antecedent: Noun which the relative pronoun refers back to. Relative clause is set off by the use of a comma. Relative Pronoun: agrees with antecedent in number and gender….changed to reflect that in this sentence it is being used as a direct object, therefore, accusative case. Conjugated 1 st verb is pushed to the end of the relative clause.

3 Wann ist ein Wort nominativ? 1) It is the subject of a sentence. 2) The noun appears after a conjugation of the verb sein. (bin, bist, ist, sind, seid, war, warst, wart, waren) or the verb werden. (werde, wirst, wird, werden,werdet, wurde, wurden, wurdest)

4 Wann ist ein Wort akkusativ? 1) It is the direct object of a sentence. 2) The noun appears after certain prepositions. durch – throughfür – for gegen – againstohne – without um – aroundentlang – along bis - until

5 Case/PersonMasculine (der)Feminine (die)Neuter (das)Plural (die) Nominativederdiedasdie Accusativedendiedasdie der = der die = die das = das die (plural) = die der = den die = die das = das die (plural) = die

6 One of the easiest ways to begin to understand which relative pronoun to use is to deconstruct the relative clause and place it in it’s normal order, in so doing, it is easier to determine what case the noun is in. Note: Make sure you have a clear understanding of when a noun is nominative or accusative. Let’s look at an example. Wo ist das Buch, ______ ich gestern gekauft habe? Antecedent Ich habe gestern ____________ gekauft. das Buch The book is the direct object, therefore, accusative case….and don’t forget, in the accusative – der changes to den, die and das stay the same.


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