Die Präsentation wird geladen. Bitte warten

Die Präsentation wird geladen. Bitte warten

Your World First The Public Policy Exception under Art. V (2) (b) of the New York Convention Dr. Anton G. Maurer, LL.M. CMS Hasche Sigle Schoettlestr.

Ähnliche Präsentationen


Präsentation zum Thema: "Your World First The Public Policy Exception under Art. V (2) (b) of the New York Convention Dr. Anton G. Maurer, LL.M. CMS Hasche Sigle Schoettlestr."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Your World First The Public Policy Exception under Art. V (2) (b) of the New York Convention Dr. Anton G. Maurer, LL.M. CMS Hasche Sigle Schoettlestr. 8 D Stuttgart Tel:

2 Art. V (2) (b) " Recognition and enforcement of an arbitral award may also be refused if the competent authority in the country where recognition and enforcement is sought finds that: (a)the subject matter of the difference is not capable of settlement by arbitration under the law of that country; or (b)the recogniton or enforcement of the award would be contrary to the public policy of that country" The Public Policy Exception |20. August 2014Dr. Anton G. Maurer 2

3 Interpretation of Art. V (2) (b) The public policy exception was discussed controversely and extensively during the drafting of the New York Convention, especially between the civil law country and the common law country representatives. How is the public policy exception to be interpreted? Is it "international public policy"? The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 3

4 The Public Policy Exception Final result: It must be interpreted narrowly! This was unanimously approved by the Working Party No. 3 which drafted the final wording of Art. V. It is not "international public policy", but a narrow interpretation of domestic public policy. However, some countries apply an even narrower international public policy standard! The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 4

5 Narrow Interpretation Report by Mr. de Sydow for Working Party No. 3: As regards Art. V (2) (b) "the Working Party felt that the provision allowing refusal of enforcement on grounds of public policy should not be given a broad scope of application. It therefore agreed to recommend the deletion of references to the subject matter of the award and to fundamental principles of law." (Summary Record of the 17th Meeting, U.N. DOC E/CONF. 26/SR. 17 at 3) The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 5

6 International Standard: Parsons & Whittemore Overseas Inc. v. Societe Generale de L'Industrie du Papier U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit: " The general pro-enforcement bias in forming the Convention … points toward a narrow reading of the public policy defense. … We conclude, therefore, that the Convention's public policy defense should be construed narrowly. Enforcement of foreign awards may be denied on this basis only where enforcement would violate the forum's State's most basic notion of morality and justice." (508 F.2d 969 et seqq. (December 23, 1974) The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 6

7 Germany Germany: "Ordre Public International"  Not every violation of mandatory law (ius cogens) will violate German public policy.  "Only severe defects in the arbitral proceeding or the award could violate German public policy. The defects must violate fundamental principles of state and economic life."  Recognition of a foreign award can only be refused if the proceeding or the award suffered a grave defect which is intolerably at odds with the fundamental principles of state and economic life.  Possible erroneous awards must be accepted. The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 7

8 France France: International Public Policy  An arbitral award shall be recognized if it is "not manifestly contrary to international public policy."  The violation must be blatant, actual, and concrete.  When all of the parties, the members of the arbitral tribunal, and even the members of the ICC Court of Arbitration have failed to see the alleged violation, French courts did hold that the alleged violation was not blatant, real, and concrete. The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 8

9 China China: Chinese Public Policy  is violated when an award may be deemed to violate the social and public interest o When the award violates the basic principles reflected/regulated in the Constitution or the Four Fundamental Principles of China; o Will damage the sovereignty or State security of China; o Is in violation of the fundamental rules of Chinese law; o Is against China's obligations under international treaties; o Is against the principles of fairness and justice in international law.  The Four Fundamental Principles are: Adhere to (a) the socialist road, (b) the people's democratic dictatorship, (c) the leadership of the Communist Party, and (d) to Marxism-Leninism and Mao's thought. The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 9

10 Russia Russia: Public Policy of the Russian Federation Awards may be found to be against the public policy of the Russian Federation when, as a result of the enforcement of the award, acts are affected that  are directly prohibited by law or harm the sovereignty or the security of the State;  affect the interest of a large social group;  are incompatible with the principles of constructing the economic, political and legal systems of the State;  harm the constitutional rights and freedom of citizens; or  are against the basic principles of the civil State, such as the equalitiy of its members, the inviolability of property and freedom of contract. The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 10

11 CMS Hasche Sigle ist eine der führenden wirtschaftsberatenden Anwaltssozietäten. Mehr als 600 Rechtsanwälte sind in acht wichtigen Wirtschaftszentren Deutschlands sowie in Brüssel, Moskau und Shanghai für ihre Mandanten tätig. CMS Hasche Sigle ist Mitglied der CMS Legal Services EEIG, einer europäischen wirtschaftlichen Interessenvereinigung zur Koordinierung der unabhängigen Mitgliedssozietäten. CMS Legal Services EEIG erbringt keinerlei Mandantenleistung. Derartige Leistungen werden in den jeweiligen Ländern ausschließlich von den Mitgliedssozietäten erbracht. In bestimmten Fällen dient CMS als Marken- oder Firmenname einzelner beziehungsweise aller Mitgliedssozietäten oder deren Büros oder bezieht sich auf diese. CMS Legal Services EEIG und deren Mitgliedssozietäten sind rechtlich eigenständig und unabhängig. Zwischen ihnen besteht keine Beziehung in Form von Mutter- und Tochtergesellschaften beziehungsweise keine Vertreter-, Partner- oder Joint-Venture-Beziehung. Keine Angabe in diesem Dokument ist so auszulegen, dass eine solche Beziehung besteht. Keine Mitgliedssozietät ist dazu berechtigt, im Namen von CMS Legal Services EEIG oder einer anderen Mitgliedssozietät unmittelbar oder mittelbar oder in jeglicher anderer Form Verpflichtungen einzugehen. CMS-Büros und verbundene Büros: Aberdeen, Algier, Amsterdam, Antwerpen, Barcelona, Belgrad, Berlin, Bratislava, Bristol, Brüssel, Budapest, Bukarest, Casablanca, Dubai, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Frankfurt / Main, Genf, Glasgow, Hamburg, Istanbul, Kiew, Köln, Leipzig, Lissabon, Ljubljana, London, Luxemburg, Lyon, Madrid, Maskat, Mailand, Mexiko-Stadt, Moskau, München, Paris, Peking, Prag, Rio de Janeiro, Rom, Sarajevo, Sevilla, Shanghai, Sofia, Straßburg, Stuttgart, Tirana, Utrecht, Warschau, Wien, Zagreb und Zürich. CMS Hasche Sigle, Partnerschaft von Rechtsanwälten und Steuerberatern mbB, Sitz: Berlin, (AG Charlottenburg, PR 316 B), Liste der Partner: s. Website. The Public Policy Exception |22. Juni 2014 Dr. Anton G. Maurer 11


Herunterladen ppt "Your World First The Public Policy Exception under Art. V (2) (b) of the New York Convention Dr. Anton G. Maurer, LL.M. CMS Hasche Sigle Schoettlestr."

Ähnliche Präsentationen


Google-Anzeigen