Präsentation zum Thema: "1st Exeter Dialogue with Science Workshop"— Präsentation transkript:
1 1st Exeter Dialogue with Science Workshop Linda Hurcombe1st Exeter Dialogue with Science WorkshopDepartment of ArchaeologyUniversity of Exeter
2 Experimental Archaeology: interacting range of approaches Exeter Dialogue workshopsRealistic experiment with many interacting variables: less intensive records but broadscale resultsIntermediateHighly controlled experiment: intensive record keeping giving detailed resultsNot one conference but series of workshops with small numbersPreferred time of year – Autumn and late SpringExplore theories and methodologiesPresent case studiesDevelop areas of interest
3 1st Exeter Dialogue with Science Workshop Planning for these was begun with all Openarch partners in Modena in April where pedagogical and methodological issues were the preferencedesigned as ‘dialogue with science’ (Work Package 5) so methodologies and writing up issues covered. take advantage of current and planned projects, location etc so site visits to the boat project and to St Faganshelp information exchange between partners and Exeter staff + studentsthe project stresses transnational experiments and experimental actionsexperimental actions are written up as project outcomes
4 the methods and parameters of experimental archaeology Linda HurcombeIntroduction:the methods and parameters of experimental archaeologyWhat do people mean by experimental archaeology?The strengths and opportunities of experimental archaeologyWhat do we mean by a dialogue with science within Openarch
5 What do people mean by experimental archaeology? A scientific approach to testing theories based on archaeolgical evidence such as artefacts (Exarc definition)Experimental archaeology is the investigation of archaeological issues using experiments (Hurcombe).Archaeology by experiment (Coles)Public perception can be living history, re-enactment, theme park
7 ? Experimental Archaeology Experimentelle Archäologie Archeologia Sperimentale Linda Hurcombe and thanks to Johanna Niederkofler, Katrin Chania,and Lara Comis for translations, opportunities and discussions
8 Evidence needs interpretation through theory Funde müssen mit Hilfe von Theorien interpretiert werden I fatti necessitano di interpretazione attraverso la teoria
9 Artefacts but what about the people Funde von Dingen – aber was wissen wir über ihre Nutzer?Oggetti – ma dove sono le persone?
10 Experimental Archaeology Research method and Educational toolForschungsmethode und LehrmittelMetodo di ricerca e strumento didatticoLike all science: experiments investigate theories and show possibilitiesWie überall in der Wissenschaft: Experimente dienen zur Überprüfung von Theorien und zum Zeigen von MöglichkeitenCome ogni scienza: gli esperimenti esplorano teorie e mostrano possibilitá
11 ? Technologies Processes Social interactions Beliefs Concepts Natural processesTechnikenProzesseSoziale InteraktionWeltsichtKonzepteErhaltungs-bedingungenTecnologiaProcessiInterazioni socialiCredenzeConcettiProcessi naturali
12 Actualistic studies: real life and people Aktualistische Studien: wirkliches Leben, wirkliche MenschenStudi realistici: vita e persone realiEthnoarchaeology (marginal environments)Ethnoarchäologie (Randgebiete menschlicher Besiedlung)Etnoarcheologia (ecosistemi e societá marginali)Experimental archaeology (lab or field)Experimentelle Archäologie (im Labor oder im Feld)Archeologia sperimentale (in laboratorio o in campo)
13 Build the boat with bronze age tools, oak trees, and yew withies Bootsbau mit bronzezeitlichen Werkzeugen, Eichenholz und EibenschößlingenCostruire la barca con strumenti dell’etá del Bronzo, quercia e polloni di tassosewn plank boatc 2000 BC“genähtes” BootBarca in tavolato “cucito”
14 Sea trials – perhaps wet feet! Testfahrt im Meer – keine Angst vor nassen Füßen!Test di navigazione in mare – piedi bagnati?
15 Butser Iron Age Farm, UKConceived as 20 year research project also open to the public20 Jahre Forschung, für die Öffentlichkeit zugänglichUn progetto di ricerca di 20 anni e aperto al pubblico
16 Construction techniques and weathering Konstruktionsmöglichkeiten und HaltbarkeitTecniche di costruzione e manutenzione
17 Farm as complex system: land, crops, animals, buildings, storage and people Bauernhof als komplexes System: Land, Feldfrüchte, Tiere, Gebäude, Vorratshaltung, MenschenInsediamento rurale come un sistema complesso: terra, coltivazioni, animali, costruzioni, stoccaggio e persone
18 Experiments storing grain in pits: grain is good for food and seedExperimente zur Vorratshaltung von Getreide in Erdgruben: geeignet für Verzehr und AussaatEsperimento sullo stoccaggio del grano in fosse: utile sia per utilizzo alimentare sia come semente
19 Using stone toolsVerwendung von SteinwerkzeugenUtilizzo di strumenti liticito compare wear traces; but what materials and what tasks?Vergleich von Abnutzungsspuren – aber von welchen Materialien und welchen Vorgängen?Per confrontare i segni d’uso: ma con quali materiali e quali obbiettivi?
20 Issues in experimental archaeology Short vs long termPublic presentationPublication (amateur and researcher)Expertise; materialsVariables; controls; replicationRelevant recordsA dialogue with science? Or a tableau?
21 Are visitors to a traditional museum doing archaeology? Are visitors to an experimental archaeology open air centre doing experimental archaeology?
22 Experimental Archaeology: interacting range of approaches Experiment - a scientific investigationcontributes to archaeological research issues or the means of communicating these issuesExperience - participation in an action or within an environmentcan contribute to research and to effective public engagement and educationDemonstration - showing a processUsually contributes to communication, public engagement and educationRealistic experiment with many interacting variables: less intensive records but broadscale resultsIntermediateHighly controlled experiment: intensive record keeping giving detailed results
23 Experimental Archaeology: interacting range of approaches Realistic experiment with many interacting variables: less intensive records but broadscale resultsIntermediateHighly controlled experiment: intensive record keeping giving detailed results
24 Experimental Actions: strengths in Archaeological Open Air Museums Space: inside and outsideTime: longevity; many days per annum and multi-year projectsDiversity: each has different climate, soils, ‘time periods’People: staff researchers/presenters/volunteers public of all kinds - families and children!Living settings: interactions between tasks/spaces/people/seasons/crops/animalsTools/structures – performance and maintenance until exhaustionDepositional processes and formation/survival of archaeological evidenceSustainability and climate change agendas
25 Experimental Actions: weaknesses Use of Space: needs to be in keeping with period and safe for publicTime: –longterm commitments need to cope with many people or change in personnelDiversity: no clear patternsStaff /volunteers – need to do their job not make recordspublic - difficult to keep records comparable and record the diversity of participantsLiving settings: interactions between tasks/spaces/people/seasons/crops/animals – reasoned guessTools/structures – performance and maintenance until exhaustion – may not be truly comparable to past practicesDepositional processes and formation/survival of archaeological evidence – changes can be exponential and influenced by sporadic events
26 What do we mean by a dialogue with science within Openarch? Framing investigations in the scientific way toadvance archaeological researchand improve the visitor experience
27 Products: Book3 fold approach - taking account of who is designing and recording the experiment and its intended publication routeExamples of good practices on the methodology of experimental archaeology for different contexts and across different subjectsExamples of recording methods – easy to use or to adapt