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chomp! Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect Tense.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "chomp! Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect Tense."—  Präsentation transkript:

1

2 chomp! Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect Tense

3 Principle Parts of Verbs Every German verb has three basic forms. Every German verb has three basic forms. We call these the principle parts of the verb We call these the principle parts of the verb

4 These parts combine and change in various ways to form all tenses, voices, and moods of the verb. These parts combine and change in various ways to form all tenses, voices, and moods of the verb. They are the… Infinitive Simple past Past participle They are the… Infinitive Simple past Past participle Verbs are classified as weak, strong, or irregular, depending on how they form their second and third part. Verbs are classified as weak, strong, or irregular, depending on how they form their second and third part. Lets talk about weak verbs… Lets talk about weak verbs…

5 Infinitiveto travel to dance to learn reisen tanzen lernen Simple Pasttraveled danced learned reiste tanzte lernte Past Participletraveled danced learned (ist) gereist getanzt gelernt

6 Just like we learned in the last lesson…some verbs require an e between the stem and ending for pronunciation Just like we learned in the last lesson…some verbs require an e between the stem and ending for pronunciation This is the case for verbs that end in -d, -t, -m, or -n This is the case for verbs that end in -d, -t, -m, or -n

7 Infinitiveto work to breathe to open arbeiten atmen öffnen Simple Pastworked breathed opened arbeitete atmete öffnete Past Participleworked breathed opened gearbeitet geatmet geöffnet

8 Verbs ending in –ieren are usually weak. Verbs ending in –ieren are usually weak. Infinitives with more than two syllables do not have a ge- prefix in the participle. Infinitives with more than two syllables do not have a ge- prefix in the participle.

9 InfinitiveTo discuss To facinate To study diskutierten fazinierten studieren Simple Pastdiscussed facinated studied diskutierte faszinierte studierte Past Participlediscussed facinated studied diskutiert fasziniert studiert

10 Ive heard enough about the weak! I want to hear about the strong verbs! Ive heard enough about the weak! I want to hear about the strong verbs!

11 Strong Verbs There are not as many strong verbs as weak, but they are frequently used verbs such as essen, trinken, sprechen, gehen, and schlafen. There are not as many strong verbs as weak, but they are frequently used verbs such as essen, trinken, sprechen, gehen, and schlafen. They experience a stem vowel change in the simple past and often the participle. They experience a stem vowel change in the simple past and often the participle. The principal parts must be memorized. The principal parts must be memorized.

12 Infinitiveto bite to fly to give to sing beißen fliegen geben singen Simple Pastbit flew gave sang biss flog gab sang Past Participlebitten flown given sang gebissen (ist) geflogen gegeben gesungen

13 Sein and werden are strong verbs Infinitiveto be to become sein werden Simple Pastwas became war wurde Past Participlebeen become (ist) gewesen (ist) geworden

14 75 Common verbs you need to know: 1.beginnen, begann, begonnen (to begin) 2.beißen, biss, gebissen (to bite) 3.bieten, bot, geboten (to offer) 4.binden, band, gebunden (to tie, bind) 5.bitten, bat, gebeten (to ask for, request) 6.bleiben, blieb, ist geblieben (to stay, remain) 7.brechen, brach, gebrochen (to break) 8.brennen, brannte, gebrannt (to burn) 9.bringen, brachte, gebracht (to bring)

15 10.denken, dachte, gedacht (to think) 11.essen, aß, gegessen (to eat) 12.fahren, fuhr, ist gefahren (to travel, drive) 13.fallen, fiel, ist gefallen (to fall) 14.finden, fand, gefunden (to find) 15.fliegen, flog, ist geflogen (to fly) 16.fließen, floss, ist geflossen (to flow) 17.fressen, fraß, gefressen (to eat -animals only! ) 18.frieren, fror, gefroren (to freeze) 19.geben, gab, gegeben (to give) 20.gehen, ging, ist gegangen

16 21.genießen, genoss, genossen (to enjoy) 22.geschehen, geschah, ist geschehen (to happen) 23.gewinnen, gewann, gewonnen (to win) 24.gießen, goss, gegossen (to pour) 25.graben, grub, gegraben (to dig) 26.greifen, griff, gegriffen (to grip, grab) 27.haben, hatte, gehabt (to have) 28.halten, hielt, gehalten (to stop, hold) 29.hängen, hing, gehangen (to hang) 30.heißen, heiß, geheißen (to be called)

17 31.helfen, half, geholfen (to help) 32.kennen, kannte, gekannt (to know, be aquainted with) 33.klingen, klang, geklungen (to sound) 34.kommen, kam, ist gekommen (to come) 35.lassen, ließt, gelassen (to let, leave) 36.laufen, lief, ist gelaufen (to run, walk) 37.leihen, lieh, geliehen (to lend) 38.lesen, las, gelesen (to read) 39.liegen, lag, gelegen (to lie, be situated) 40.lügen, log, gelogen (to tell a lie)

18 41.nehmen, nannte genannt (to name,call) 42.reißen, riss, ist gerissen (to tear, rip) 43.rennen, rannte, ist gerannt (to run) 44.rufen, rief, gerufen (to call) 45.schlafen, schlief, geschlafen (to sleep) 46.schlagen, schulg, geschlagen (to hit, beat) 47.schließen, schloss, geschlossen (to close) 48.schneiden, schnitt, geschnitten (to cut) 49.schreiben, schrieb, geschrieben (to write) 50.schwimmen, schwamm, ist geschwommen (to swim)

19 51.sehen, sah, gesehen (to see) 52.sein, war, ist gewesen (to be) 53.singen, sang, gesungen (to sing) 54.sinken, sank, ist gesunken (to sink) 55.sitzen, saß, gesessen (to sit) 56.sprechen, sprach, gesprochen (to speak) 57.springen, sprang, ist gesprungen (to jump) 58.stehen, stand, ist gestanden (to stand) 59.steigen, stieg, ist gestiegen (to climb) 60.sterben, starb, ist gestorben (to die)

20 61.tragen, trug, getragen (to wear) 62.treffen, traf, getroffen (to meet) 63.treten, trat, getreten (to step, kick) 64.trinken, trank, getrunken (to drink) 65.tun, tat, getan (to do) 66.vergessen, vergaß, vergessen (to forget) 67.verlieren, verlor, verloren (to lose) 68.verschwinden, verschwand, ist verschwunden (to disappear) 69.wachsen, wuchs, ist gewachsen (to grow) 70.waschen, wusch, gewaschen (to wash)

21 71.wenden, wandte, gewandt (to turn) 72.werden, wurde, ist geworden (to become) 73.werfen, warf, geworfen (to throw) 74.wissen, wusste, gewusst (to know) 75.ziehen, zog, gezogen (to pull, draw) ziehen, zog, ist gezogen (to go, move) ziehen, zog, ist gezogen (to go, move) WHOA! That seems like a lot of verbs! WHOA! That seems like a lot of verbs! …good thing you already know them! …good thing you already know them!

22 Heres another rule to know: Verbs with separable prefixes put a –ge- between the prefix and root verb. Heres another rule to know: Verbs with separable prefixes put a –ge- between the prefix and root verb. Beispiele: Mitnehmen, nahm mit, mitgenommen (to take along) Beispiele: Mitnehmen, nahm mit, mitgenommen (to take along)

23 Verbs with inseparable prefixes (be-, emp-, ent-, er-, ge-, miss-, ver-, and zer-) do not at ge-. Verbs with inseparable prefixes (be-, emp-, ent-, er-, ge-, miss-, ver-, and zer-) do not at ge-.

24 Formation of DAS PERFEKT haben or sein + past participle ich habe gesehen du hast gesehen er/sie/es hat gesehen wir haben gesehen ihr habt gesehen sie haben gesehen Sie haben gesehen ich bin gekommen du bist gekommen er/sie/es hat gekommen wir sind gekommen ihr seid gekommen sie sind gekommen Sie sind gekommen Its all about the form! Its all about the form!

25 Rules to note: 1.The helping verb haben or sein is the verb that agrees with the subject. 2.The helping verb – being the conjugated verb – goes in second position 3.Verb 2, the participle, goes at the end of the sentence.

26 Partner gespräch: restate each sentence twice, changing the subject as suggested. Beispiel: Marion und ihre Mutter haben in einer Pension gewohnt. (der Gast, ich) Der Gast hat in einer Pension gewohnt. Ich habe in einer Pension gewohnt.

27 1.Michael hat ihr Gepäck ins Zimmer gebracht. (Herr und Frau Händel, wir) 2.Marion hat viele Fotos gemacht. (die Gäste, ihr) 3.Sie haben den Park besucht. (du, Frau Händel) 4.Herr Braun hat am Abend gearbeitet. (ich, Monika)

28 REWIND!REWIND! The present perfect tense in German can express an one of these past tenses in English. The present perfect tense in German can express an one of these past tenses in English. Ich habe gearbeitet I worked I did work I was working I have worked

29 REWIND!REWIND! The basic structure: The basic structure: Subject + haben/sein + participle Subject + haben/sein + participle 2 nd position! Ich + habe + gefragt Du + hast + gefragt Er + hat + gefragt

30 Schreiben: rewrite the sentences in the present perfect tense. Beispiel: Frau Koslowski macht einen Eintopf. Frau Koslowski hat einen Eintopf gemacht.

31 1.Herr Schmidt kauft zwei Eintrittskarten für das Fußball spiel. 2.Jorgen arbeitet schwer. 3.Sie bringt die Ostereier mit. 4.Lars spielt Nintendo. 5.Marion denkt nicht mehr an Rüdiger.

32 Ich habe das schon gemacht!: Say you have already done that. Beispeil: Das Museum besuchen Ich habe das Museum schon besucht. Mach einen langen Spaziergang. Spiel Karten Frag im Hotel Kauf ein interressantes Buch

33 Bilde Fragen mit du im Perfekt. Beispiel: gestern / arbeiten Hast du gestern gearbeitet? 1.Gestern Abend / tanzen 2.Heute Morgen / Musik hören 3.Hausaufgaben / machen 4.Oft / Tischtennis spielen 5.Gestern / Deutsch lernen

34 2:00 Partnerarbeit 1.Stell die Fragen an deinen Partner / deine Partnerin. Mach dir dabei Notizen. 2.Erzähl der Klasse, was dein Partner / deine Partnerin gemacht und nicht gemacht hat.

35 You cannot run together two sentences with no punctuation! You cannot run together two sentences with no punctuation! You cannot join two sentences with a comma ! You cannot join two sentences with a comma !

36 Fix the error with a comma and a coordinating conjunction. Andre sank a perfect basket from half court unfortunately the coachs back was turned. Be my FANBOYS for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. Be my FANBOYS for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. Andre sank a perfect basket from half court, but the coachs back was turned.

37 Fix the error with a semicolon. Andre sank a perfect basket from half court unfortunately the coachs back was turned. Use the semicolon sparingly 3 to 4 times per essay, max. Use the semicolon sparingly 3 to 4 times per essay, max. Andre sank a perfect basket from half court; unfortunately, the coachs back was turned.

38 Fix the error with a subordinate conjunction. Andre sank a perfect basket from half court unfortunately the coachs back was turned. Reduce one of the two clauses to an incomplete thought. Reduce one of the two clauses to an incomplete thought. Andre sank a perfect basket from half court after the coachs back was turned.

39 These are the subordinate conjunctions. after after although although as as because because before before even though even though if, even if if, even if in order that in order that once once provided that provided that since since so [that implied], so that so [that implied], so that than than that that though though unless unless when, whenever when, whenever where, wherever, whereas where, wherever, whereas whether whether while while

40 Remember these general punctuation rules when subordinating one of the clauses in the error. Subordinate clause +, + main clause. Main clause + Ø + subordinate clause.

41 Although Andre sank a perfect basket from half court, the coachs back was turned. Heres our sample: Andre sank a perfect basket from half court after the coachs back was turned. Dropping the comma after court is like a championship game turnover ! Dropping the comma after court is like a championship game turnover ! Adding an unnecessary comma is like grandstanding when a teammate is open ! Adding an unnecessary comma is like grandstanding when a teammate is open !

42 Quick Test Directions: In the items that follow, choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portion(s). If no error exists, choose No change is necessary. Show me you got game ! Show me you got game !

43 Item 1 The dogs drooled while we ate slices of hot pizza but the cat feigned nonchalance even though we knew that she wanted a pepperoni. A.drooled. While B.pizza, but C.nonchalance. Even D.No change is necessary. The dogs drooled while we ate slices of hot A pizza but the cat feigned nonchalance even B C though we knew that she wanted a pepperoni. A.drooled. While B.pizza, but C.nonchalance. Even D.No change is necessary. The dogs drooled while we ate slices of hot A pizza, but the cat feigned nonchalance even B C though we knew that she wanted a pepperoni. A.drooled. While B.pizza, but C.nonchalance. Even D.No change is necessary.

44 Mary Ellen screamed, her roommates pet tarantula crawled out of the bag of popcorn. A.screamed her B.screamed; because, her C.screamed as her D.No change is necessary. Item 2 Mary Ellen screamed, her roommates pet tarantula crawled out of the bag of popcorn. A.screamed her B.screamed; because, her C.screamed as her D.No change is necessary. Mary Ellen screamed, her roommates pet tarantula crawled out of the bag of popcorn. A.screamed her B.screamed; because, her C.screamed as her D.No change is necessary.

45 Item 3 Running late with dinner, Elizabeth fussed with seasonings and wiped spots off the glasses. While the family stared at their empty plates. A.dinner; Elizabeth B.seasonings, and C.glasses while D.No change is necessary. Running late with dinner, Elizabeth fussed with A seasonings and wiped spots off the B glasses. While the family stared at their empty Cplates. A.dinner; Elizabeth B.seasonings, and C.glasses while D.No change is necessary. Running late with dinner, Elizabeth fussed with A seasonings and wiped spots off the B glasses while the family stared at their empty Cplates. A.dinner; Elizabeth B.seasonings, and C.glasses while D.No change is necessary.

46 Everyone scrambled off the lakeside patio. When the 10-foot alligator lumbered onto shore. A.patio when B.patio; when C.patio, when D.No change is necessary. Item 4 Everyone scrambled off the lakeside patio. When the 10-foot alligator lumbered onto shore. A.patio when B.patio; when C.patio, when D.No change is necessary. Everyone scrambled off the lakeside patio. When the 10-foot alligator lumbered onto shore. A.patio when B.patio; when C.patio, when D.No change is necessary.

47 Item 5 The glass of iced tea promised thirst-quenching refreshment Roseanne, however, had to beat Maria to the refrigerator as they raced through the front door. A.refreshment. Roseanne B.however; had C.refrigerator; as D.No change is necessary. The glass of iced tea promised thirst-quenching refreshment Roseanne, however, had to beat A B Maria to the refrigerator as they raced through C the front door. A.refreshment. Roseanne B.however; had C.refrigerator; as D.No change is necessary. The glass of iced tea promised thirst-quenching refreshment. Roseanne, however, had to beat A B Maria to the refrigerator as they raced through C the front door. A.refreshment. Roseanne B.however; had C.refrigerator; as D.No change is necessary.

48 Warren wanted to make a good impression on Melody but the soda explosion that soaked his shirt ruined their first meeting. A.Melody; but, the B.Melody; however, the C.Melody, however, the D.No change is necessary. Item 6 Warren wanted to make a good impression on Melody but the soda explosion that soaked his shirt ruined their first meeting. A.Melody; but, the B.Melody; however, the C.Melody, however, the D.No change is necessary. Warren wanted to make a good impression on Melody but the soda explosion that soaked his shirt ruined their first meeting. A.Melody; but, the B.Melody; however, the C.Melody, however, the D.No change is necessary.

49 Item 7 Because of the hot sun, ice cream ran down the cone and coated Randalls fingers, his tongue couldnt keep up couldnt keep up. A.sun; ice cream B.cone, and C.fingers, for his D.No change is necessary. Because of the hot sun, ice cream ran down the A cone and coated Randalls fingers, his tongue B C couldnt keep up couldnt keep up. A.sun; ice cream B.cone, and C.fingers, for his D.No change is necessary. Because of the hot sun, ice cream ran down the A cone and coated Randalls fingers, for his tongue B C couldnt keep up couldnt keep up. A.sun; ice cream B.cone, and C.fingers, for his D.No change is necessary.

50 Item 8 Wanda took a deep breath and got ready to yell. Because Paul was about to explain why his half of the rent would be late again. A.yell, because B.yell because C.yell for D.No change is necessary. Wanda took a deep breath and got ready to yell. Because Paul was about to explain why his half of the rent would be late again. A.yell, because B.yell because C.yell for D.No change is necessary. Wanda took a deep breath and got ready to yell. Because Paul was about to explain why his half of the rent would be late again. A.yell, because B.yell because C.yell for D.No change is necessary.

51 Item 9 After Simon bought roses for Emily, he spotted Dereks car in her driveway and realized that this gesture would not repair the relationship or win back her love. A.Emily. he B.driveway. And C.relationship; or D.No change is necessary. After Simon bought roses for Emily, he spotted A Dereks car in her driveway and realized that this B gesture would not repair the relationship or win C back her love. A.Emily. he B.driveway. And C.relationship; or D.No change is necessary. After Simon bought roses for Emily, he spotted A Dereks car in her driveway and realized that this B gesture would not repair the relationship or win C back her love. A.Emily. he B.driveway. And C.relationship; or D.No change is necessary.

52 Item 10 Since Larry had studied for hours; he was relieved to find a big red A at the top of his grammar quiz. A.hours he B.hours. He C.hours, he D.No change is necessary. Since Larry had studied for hours; he was relieved to find a big red A at the top of his grammar quiz. A.hours he B.hours. He C.hours, he D.No change is necessary. Since Larry had studied for hours; he was relieved to find a big red A at the top of his grammar quiz. A.hours he B.hours. He C.hours, he D.No change is necessary.

53 chomp! Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on fragments, comma splices, and fused sentences. Go to chompchomp.com ! Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on fragments, comma splices, and fused sentences. Go to chompchomp.com !

54 The End.

55 1.beginnen 2.beißen 3.bieten 4.binden 5.bitten 6.bleiben 7.brechen 8.brennen 9.bringen


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