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ROMANTICISM 1820-1900 Time Line Monroe Doctrine1823 Hugo: Hunchback of Notre Dame1831 Dickens: Oliver Twist1837 Dumas: The Three Musketeers1844 Poe:

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Präsentation zum Thema: "ROMANTICISM 1820-1900 Time Line Monroe Doctrine1823 Hugo: Hunchback of Notre Dame1831 Dickens: Oliver Twist1837 Dumas: The Three Musketeers1844 Poe:"—  Präsentation transkript:

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2 ROMANTICISM

3 Time Line Monroe Doctrine1823 Hugo: Hunchback of Notre Dame1831 Dickens: Oliver Twist1837 Dumas: The Three Musketeers1844 Poe: The Raven1845 Darwin: Origin of Species1859 American Civil War Twain: Huckleberry Finn1884 Bell invents telephone1876

4 The Spirit of the Age A sense of shared vision Early support of the French Revolution Rise of the individual Affinity with nature Radical poetics/politics An obsession with violent change

5 Early 19c The Enlightenment Romanticism Society is good Curbing violent impulses! Civilization corrupts Institutions have rippling effects

6 1.Emotions ! Passion! Irrationality!

7 Lady Macbeth - Henry Fuseli, 1794

8 2. The Rugged Individual

9 Wandering Above the Sea of Fog Caspar David Friedrich, 1818

10 The Dreamer Gaspar David Friedrich, 1835

11 Solitary Tree Caspar David Friedrich, 1823

12 3. The Power and Fury of Nature

13 An Avalanche in the Alps Philip James de Loutherbourg, 1803

14 Sunset After a Storm On the Coast of Sicily – Andreas Achenbach, 1853

15 The Deluge Francis Danby, 1840

16 Shipwreck – Joseph Turner, 1805

17 The Eruption of Vesuvius - John Martin

18 Lion with the Rabbit - Eug è ne Delacroix

19 4. Science Can Be Dangerous

20 Isaac Newton – William Blake, 1795

21 5. The New Technology Is Dehumanizing

22 Rain, Steam, and Speed Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1844

23 6. Romanticizing Country Life

24 Flatford Mill – John Constable, 1817

25 The Corn Field John Constable, 1826

26 A Mill at Gillingham in Dorset John Constable, 1826

27 7. The Gothic: Romanticizing the Middle Ages

28 Coming From Evening Church Samuel Palmer, 1830

29 Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows John Constable, 1831

30 Hadleigh Castle - John Constable, 1829

31 Eldena Ruin Gaspar David Friedrich, 1825

32 8. The Exotic, the Occult, and the Macabre

33 Abbey in an Oak Forest Caspar David Friedrich,

34 The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed with the Sun William Blake,

35 Stonehenge - John Constable, 1836

36 Nightmare (The Incubus) Henry Fuseli, 1781

37 Manfred and the Witch of the Alps John Martin

38 Witches Sabbath Francisco Goya, 1798

39 Saturn Devours His Son Francisco Goya,

40 9. Nationalism

41 Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi Eug è ne Delacroix, 1827

42 Liberty Leading the People Eug è ne Delacroix, 1830

43 Detail of the Musket Bearer Delacoix, himself

44 The Burning of Parliament (1) Joseph Turner,

45 His Majestys Ship, Victory (Trafalgar) - John Constable, 1806

46 The Fighting Temeraire Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1838

47 An Officer of the Imperial Horse Guard Th é odore G é ricault, 1814

48 The Shooting of May 3, 1808 Francisco Goya, 1815

49 Portrait of Frederick Chopin Eug è ne Delacroix, 1838

50 10. Interest in Exotic Foreign Lands

51 Grand Canal, Venice Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1835

52 Massacre of Chios - Eug è ne Delacroix, 1824

53 The Fanatics of Tangiers Eug è ne Delacroix,

54 The Sultan of Morocco and His Entourage Eug è ne Delacroix, 1845

55 Women of Algiers in Their Apartment Eug è ne Delacroix, 1834

56 The Bullfight - Francisco Goya

57 Charge of the Mamelukes, May 2 nd, 1808 Francisco Goya, 1814

58 11. Return to Christian Mysteries

59 God as the Architect - William Blake, 1794

60 Elohim Creating Abraham William Blake, 1805

61 Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve William Blake, 1825

62 Faust and Mephistopheles Eug è ne Delacroix,

63 The Seventh Plague of Egypt John Martin, 1823

64 The Cathedral Gaspar David Friedrich, 1818

65 Romantic Literature Jane Eyre Charlotte Bronte Wuthering Heights Emily Bronte Ivanhoe Sir Walter Scott Les Miserables Victor Hugo The Three Musketeers Alexander Dumas Frankenstein Mary Shelley Dracula Bramm Stoker Grimms Fairy Tales Jacob & Wilhelm Grimm Faust Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

66

67 The Romantic Poets Percy Byssche Shelley Lord Byron Samuel Taylor Coleridge William Wordsworth John Keats William Blake

68 Music of the Romantic Era

69 Aspects of Romanticism in music & art The artist apart from society The artist as social critic/revolutionary The artist as genius/cultural hero The artist apart from society The artist as social critic/revolutionary The artist as genius/cultural hero BEETHOVEN: Why bow to social status?

70 Franz SchubertBedrich Smetana Antonin Dvořák Peter Tchaikovsky Johannes Brahms Giuseppe Verdi Giacomo Puccini Richard Wagner Robert Schumann Clara Schumann Frederic Chopin Franz Liszt Felix Mendelssohn Hector Berlioz Chapter 1 Many important Romantic Composers

71 The misunderstood genius To be a genius is to be misunderstood – Emerson The artist out in front, ahead of the audience, the advanced guard (a military metaphor) – the avant garde Music could quickly come to such a point, that everyone who is not precisely familiar with the rules and difficulties of the art would find absolutely no enjoyment in it. A critic reviewing the premiere of Beethovens 3 rd Symphony

72 Early style: Classical, the language of Mozart and Haydn Later style: Romantic intense, passionate, virtuosic Not a servant, but an independent creator Beethoven the transition composer

73 Austrian Only 31 years old at his death Wrote 16 operas, only 3 performed in his lifetime; none performed today Between songs Died of syphilis Franz Schubert

74 Schubert, Erlkonig 1815 (Goethe) (Narrator) Wer reitet so spät durch Nacht und Wind? Es ist der Vater mit seinem Kind; Er hat den Knaben wohl in dem Arm, Er fasst ihn sicher, er hält ihn warm. (Father) "Mein Sohn, was birgst du so bang dein Gesicht?" (Son) "Siehst, Vater, du den Erlkönig nicht? Den Erlkönig mit Kron' und Schweif?" (Father) "Mein Sohn, es ist ein Nebelstreif." (Erlking) "Du liebes Kind, komm geh mit mir! Gar schöne Spiele spiel' ich mit dir; Manch' bunte Blumen sind an dem Strand; Meine Mutter hat manch' gülden Gewand." (Narrator) Wer reitet so spät durch Nacht und Wind? Es ist der Vater mit seinem Kind; Er hat den Knaben wohl in dem Arm, Er fasst ihn sicher, er hält ihn warm. (Father) "Mein Sohn, was birgst du so bang dein Gesicht?" (Son) "Siehst, Vater, du den Erlkönig nicht? Den Erlkönig mit Kron' und Schweif?" (Father) "Mein Sohn, es ist ein Nebelstreif." (Erlking) "Du liebes Kind, komm geh mit mir! Gar schöne Spiele spiel' ich mit dir; Manch' bunte Blumen sind an dem Strand; Meine Mutter hat manch' gülden Gewand." (Narrator) Who rides so late through the night and wind? It is a father with his child; he has the boy close in his arm, he holds him tight, he keeps him warm. (Father) "My son, why do you hide your face in fear?" (Son) "Father, don't you see the Erlking? The Erlking with his crown and train?" (Father) "My son, it is a streak of mist." (Erlking) "You dear child, come with me! I'll play very lovely games with you. There are lots of colourful flowers by the shore; my mother has some golden robes."

75 (Son) "Mein Vater, mein Vater, und hörest du nicht, Was Erlkönig mir leise verspricht?" (Father) "Sei ruhig, bleibe ruhig, mein Kind; In dürren Blättern säuselt der Wind." (Erlking) "Willst, feiner Knabe, du mit mir geh'n? Meine Töchter sollen dich warten schön; Meine Töchter führen den nächtlichen Reih'n Und wiegen und tanzen und singen dich ein." (Son) "Mein Vater, mein Vater, und siehst du nicht dort, Erlkönigs Töchter am düsteren Ort?" (Son) "Mein Vater, mein Vater, und hörest du nicht, Was Erlkönig mir leise verspricht?" (Father) "Sei ruhig, bleibe ruhig, mein Kind; In dürren Blättern säuselt der Wind." (Erlking) "Willst, feiner Knabe, du mit mir geh'n? Meine Töchter sollen dich warten schön; Meine Töchter führen den nächtlichen Reih'n Und wiegen und tanzen und singen dich ein." (Son) "Mein Vater, mein Vater, und siehst du nicht dort, Erlkönigs Töchter am düsteren Ort?" (Son) "My father, my father, don't you hear the Erking whispering promises to me?" (Father) "Be still, stay calm, my child; it's the wind rustling in the dry leaves." (Erlking) "My find lad, do you want to come with me? My daughters will take care of you; my daughters lead the nightly dance, and they'll rock and dance and sing you to sleep." (Son) "My father, my father, don't you see the Erlking's daughters over there in the shadows?"

76 (Father) "Mein Sohn, mein Sohn, ich seh' es genau, Es scheinen die alten Weiden so grau." (Erlking) "Ich liebe dich, mich reizt deine schöne Gestalt, Und bist du nicht willig, so brauch ich Gewalt." (Son) "Mein Vater, mein Vater, jetzt fasst er mich an! Erlkönig hat mir ein Leids getan!" (Narrator) Dem Vater grauset's, er reitet geschwind, Er hält in Armen das ächzende Kind, Erreicht den Hof mit Müh und Noth; (Father) "Mein Sohn, mein Sohn, ich seh' es genau, Es scheinen die alten Weiden so grau." (Erlking) "Ich liebe dich, mich reizt deine schöne Gestalt, Und bist du nicht willig, so brauch ich Gewalt." (Son) "Mein Vater, mein Vater, jetzt fasst er mich an! Erlkönig hat mir ein Leids getan!" (Narrator) Dem Vater grauset's, er reitet geschwind, Er hält in Armen das ächzende Kind, Erreicht den Hof mit Müh und Noth; (Father) "My son, my son, I see it clearly, it's the gray sheen of the old willows." (Erlking) "I love you, your beautiful form delights me! And if you're not willing, then I'll use force." (Son) "My father, my father, now he's grasping me! The Erlking has hurt me!" (Narrator) The father shudders, he rides swiftly, he holds the moaning child in his arms; with effort and urgency he reaches the courtyard:

77 In seinen Armen das Kind war tot. in his arms the child was dead. Emotions?Balance, repose, clarity? NO! FEAR & SUPERNATURAL EVIL Is death tempting & attractive?

78 Another development In the 1830s, composer/conductor Felix Mendelssohn conducts a performance of Bachs Mass in B minor – so what? Music of the past begins to take a place on concert programs – it eventually dominates concert programming! By 1870, seventy-five per cent of works in the Gewandhaus (a famous German orchestra) repertory were by dead composers.

79 French Symphonie Fantastique Program music Themes of love, madness, drugs, death, demons French Symphonie Fantastique Program music Themes of love, madness, drugs, death, demons Hector Berlioz

80 Polish, lived in France Famous pianist Only gave 14 public performances in his life Polish, lived in France Famous pianist Only gave 14 public performances in his life Minute Waltz Polonaises Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin

81 German Opera innovator The Ring – over 18 hours of music German Opera innovator The Ring – over 18 hours of music Richard Wagner

82 Italian Composer as national/popular figure Rigoletto (La Donna Mobilé) Folk Nationalism Giuseppe Verdi

83 Bedrich Smetana Czech composer The Moldau 1816

84 Gioacchino Rossini Italian The Barber of Seville 1816 William Tell 1829 Italian The Barber of Seville 1816 William Tell 1829

85 Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky Russian 1812 Overture Swan Lake 1875 Sleeping Beauty 1888 The Nutcracker 1891 Russian 1812 Overture Swan Lake 1875 Sleeping Beauty 1888 The Nutcracker 1891


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