Die Präsentation wird geladen. Bitte warten

Die Präsentation wird geladen. Bitte warten

The future of the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Budapest, September 16th Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der.

Ähnliche Präsentationen


Präsentation zum Thema: "The future of the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Budapest, September 16th Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 The future of the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Budapest, September 16th Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 1 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

2 Structure: I.The welfare state II.The challenges of the welfare state II. The crisis and its impacts on the welfare state IV.Rebuilding the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 2 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

3 I. The welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 3 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

4 I. The welfare state Typology (Esping-Andersen) conservative contribution-financed, acquisition-centered social democratic high tax volume, based on infrastructure liberal taxfinanced public basic pension, supplemented by private coverage Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 4 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

5 I. The welfare state Social expenditure (percentage of GDP) in Germany (source: Sozialbudget 2007, BMAS 2008) Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 5 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

6 I. The change of the welfare state Social expenditure (percentage of GDP) in the EU-27 (2006) (source: Eurostat) wird ersetzt/ergänzt durch Langzeitvergleich Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 6 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 EU-27 average

7 II. The challenges of the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 7 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

8 I. The change of the welfare state Change of the age pyramid (est.) In Germany Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 8 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

9 II. The challenge of the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 9 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 percentage of population elder than 65 years (Source: Eurostat) GermanyHungaryEU ,8 %14,7 %15,3 % ,5 %15,4 %16,2 % ,1 %16,2 %17,0 %

10 II. The challenge of the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 10 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 Unemployment rates in Germany & Hungary (source: destatis.de)

11 II. The challenges of the welfare state Structural change in the employment market in Germany : rapid growth of the third sector (yellow line) (source: Statistisches Jahrbuch 2008) Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 11 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

12 II. The challenges of the welfare state Numbers of employees subject to social insurance contribution decline… …and low wage employment rates rise Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 12 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

13 II. The impact of increasing low wage sectors Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 18 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 Rapid growth of low wage jobs, slow growth of minimum wage jobs Women and younger people are above average in low wage jobs

14 II. The challenges of the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 13 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 Growth of female employment rates and decline of male employment rates over the last 40 years

15 II. The challenges of the welfare state Rise of poverty in Germany (source: Hans-Böckler- Stiftung) Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 14 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

16 II. The crisis and its impacts on the welfare state Political crisis Neoliberal direction: competitive ability – weaken of the state und strnegthen of self responsibility Weaken of trade unions Bureaucracy-control-criticism: More quality, less paternalism Destabilization of the coordinated market economy Rhenish capitalism vs. anglo-saxon capitalism Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 17 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

17 III. The crisis and its impacts on the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 15 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

18 III. The crisis and its impacts on the welfare state Decline of economic growth Temporary keynesianism Financial problems of the state cut-back programs concerning »social expenditure »education »subventions »pensions »… Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 16 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

19 IV. Rebuilding the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 19 Budapest, September 16th, 2009

20 IV. Rebuilding the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 20 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 Hybrid structure of German Welfare State Financing of social welfare in % 2006 (source: bmas.de)

21 IV. Rebuilding the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 21 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 Reforming the German Welfare State from 1989 on, accelerated under social democratic government New definition of German social policy Transformation of the social insurance state: New (early) education policy, family policy, integration of migrants and even inclusion policy as important parts of social policy New pluralism and new relationship by the main actors of welfare policy: State, social insurance, welfare groups, private companys, households self responsibility is getting more important: but it needs a strong social state

22 IV. Rebuilding the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 22 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 Reforming the German Welfare State from 1989 on, accelerated under social democratic government New main focus of social policy Changing focus to more infrastructure (Kindergarden, schools etc.) and activating policy New mixture of social support Less increase in monetary transfer to more increase by institutional support

23 IV. Rebuilding the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 23 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 Obstacles: implementing social reforms Party competition: Social democratic party is the first victim of cut back benefits and new activation policy: Building up a another left party Generational and Demographic problems: fewer young working people have to support more and more old people Status orientation: people are oriented to their occupations;if this is not longer the reference for the unemployment policy

24 IV. Rebuilding the welfare state: conclusion Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 24 Budapest, September 16th, 2009 labor marketstatefamilyindividuals I. Golden Age full employment for men normal contracts redistribution to reach equality decommodification passive men at work, women at home Promot oriented II. Third Way new full employment for men and women increase of precare work less redistribution recommodification feminisation of labor market household as a workplace Promot and demand III. post- Third Way regulation of precare work redistribution again focus on infrastructure Stronger help for families Promote and demand

25 Thank you for your attention! Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der BRD 25 Budapest, September 16th, 2009


Herunterladen ppt "The future of the welfare state Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Budapest, September 16th Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schroeder Fachbereich 05 Politisches System der."

Ähnliche Präsentationen


Google-Anzeigen