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Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Environmental Assessment in Germany Environmental Assessment in Federations: Current Dynamics and.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Environmental Assessment in Germany Environmental Assessment in Federations: Current Dynamics and."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Environmental Assessment in Germany Environmental Assessment in Federations: Current Dynamics and Emerging Issues September , 2009 Ottawa, Canada Dr. Matthias Weigand Head of Unit Cross Sectoral Law Bavarian State Ministry of Environment and Public Health

2 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Dr. WeigandFolie: 2 Federalism in Germany federal loyality but own legislative competence Bundesrat Federal Council with representativs of each region Bundestag Parliament

3 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Dr. WeigandFolie: 3 The 3-level system 1. Legislation 2. Transformation 3. Enforcement European Union Federal Republic of Germany Region: Bavaria

4 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Dr. WeigandFolie: 4 Double federalism in Europe Now: The higher level of federalism overrules the lower level Before: Consequence: regions wither away Region: Bavaria Federal Republic of Germany European Union

5 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Dr. WeigandFolie: 5 European environmental law EU-wide instrument for permitting procedures 1985: 2001: EIA SEA Environmental impact Strategic environmental assessment assessment (UVP-RL 85/337/EWG; (SUP-RL 2001/42/EG) UVP-ÄnderungRL 97/11/EG)

6 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Dr. WeigandFolie: 6 Reform of federalism in Germany : Reform of federalism Target: More competence for the federal level in order to adjust better to european requirements But: Regions have the right to enact laws at variance for example: EIA-limits now determined in federal law (RGU), but regions have the right to enact laws that differ from federal limits

7 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Dr. WeigandFolie: 7 Enforcement problems Global problem: economic downturn Problem of state-level: lack of resources (personal/ financial) Solution: Better legislation Regulatory innovation New instruments ( EMAS)

8 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Dr. WeigandFolie: 8 Necessity to break new ground (1) command and control bureaucracy intellegent system of implementation and enforcement of (environmental) laws Cooperation instead of confrontation Self-responsibility/ voluntary agreements Environmental managment-systems (EMAS)

9 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Gesundheit Dr. WeigandFolie: 9 Necessity to break new ground (2) regional (third) level - subsidiarity intelligent administration win-win-win situation environment – citizen/business - government


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