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The Legacy of Edmund Husserl. Gadamer Levinas Arendt Beauvoir Ricoeur.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "The Legacy of Edmund Husserl. Gadamer Levinas Arendt Beauvoir Ricoeur."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 The Legacy of Edmund Husserl

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3 Gadamer Levinas Arendt Beauvoir Ricoeur

4 Franz Brentano

5 Brentano Carl Anton Christian Kasimir Stumpf Marty von Twardowski Ehrenfels Edmund Alexius Husserl Meinong

6 Brentano Carl Anton Christian Kasimir Stumpf Marty von Twardowski Ehrenfels Edmund Alexius Husserl Meinong Freud Masaryk Rudolf Steiner

7 Brentano Carl Anton Christian Kasimir Stumpf Marty von Twardowski Ehrenfels Edmund Alexius Husserl Meinong Gestalt Psychology

8 Brentano Carl Anton Christian Kasimir Stumpf Marty von Twardowski Ehrenfels Austrian School of Edmund Alexius Economics Husserl Meinong

9 Brentano Carl Anton Christian Kasimir Stumpf Marty von Twardowski Ehrenfels Edmund Alexius Husserl Meinong Heidegger, Sartre, Hermeneutics, Derrida, blah blah blah

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12 Brentano Carl Anton Christian Kasimir Stumpf Marty von Twardowski Ehrenfels Edmund Alexius Husserl Meinong Roman Ingarden MUNICH-GÖTTINGEN SCHOOL

13 Brentano Carl Anton Christian Kasimir Stumpf Marty von Twardowski Ehrenfels Edmund Alexius Husserl Meinong Roman Ingarden

14 Johannes Daubert

15 Realism Munich phenomenologists method of passive faithfulness to what is given in reality with no attempt at reductionism but seeking rather to apprehend each kind of entity on its own terms and to apprehend the relations between them on their own terms

16 The Munich School applied the realist ontological method sketched by Husserl in the Logical Investigations to different material domains: Reinach: Law Ingarden: Art and Aesthetics Stein: The State and the Individual Scheler: The Germans and the English

17 Munich School of Phenomenology Alexander Pfänder Max Scheler Adolf Reinach Roman Ingarden Edith Stein -----> Karol Wojtyła

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20 Munich-Göttingen School of Phenomenology Johannes Daubert Alexander Pfänder Max Scheler Adolf Reinach Roman Ingarden Edith Stein (… Karol Wojtyła)

21 Roman Ingarden ( )

22 Edith Stein [ ] beatified by John Paul II in 1987

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25 Reinach and Speech Act Theory The A Priori Foundations of the Civil Law 1913

26 Edmund Husserl

27 Logical Investigations¸1900/01 –the theory of part and whole –the theory of dependence –the theory of boundary, continuity and contact

28 Formal Ontology (term coined by Husserl) the theory of those ontological structures (such as part-whole, universal-particular) which apply to all domains whatsoever

29 Formal Ontology vs. Formal Logic Formal ontology deals with the interconnections of things with objects and properties, parts and wholes, relations and collectives Formal logic deals with the interconnections of truths with consistency and validity, or and not

30 Formal Ontology vs. Formal Logic Formal ontology deals with formal ontological structures Formal logic deals with formal logical structures formal = obtain in all material spheres of reality

31 IFOMIS Institute for Formal Ontology and Medical Information Science

32 A Network of Domain Ontologies Material (Regional) Ontologies Basic Formal Ontology

33 = a formal ontological theory, expressed in a directly depicting language, of all non- intentional parts of reality (an ontology of the whole of reality but leaving aside minds and meanings) BFO

34 A Network of Domain Ontologies BFO

35 A Network of Domain Ontologies BFO B(Chem)O

36 A Network of Domain Ontologies BFO B(Chem)OB(Med)O

37 A Network of Domain Ontologies BFO B(Chem)OB(Med)OB(Cell)O

38 A Network of Domain Ontologies BFO B(Chem)OB(Med)OB(Cell)OB(Gen)OB(Psych)O

39 Husserls Main Works 1891 Philosophie der Arithmetik. Psychologische und logische Untersuchungen Logische Untersuchungen. Erster Teil: Prolegomena zur reinen Logik Logische Untersuchungen. Zweiter Teil: Untersuchungen zur Phänomenologie und Theorie der Erkenntnis

40 Husserls Main Works 1913 HUSSERL, Edmund (ed.). Jahrbuch für Philosophie und phänomenologische Forschung. In Gemeinschaft mit M. Geiger - München, A. Pfänder-München, A. Reinach - Göttingen, M. Scheler

41 Husserls Main Works 1913 "Ideen zu einer reinen Phanomenologie und phanomenologischen Philosophie," 1931 Meditations cartesiennes. Introduction a la phenomenologie "Vorlesungen zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins." Herausgegeben von Martin Heidegger 1929 "Formale und transzendentale Logik. Versuch einer Kritik der logischen Vernunft,"

42 Husserls Main Works 1936 Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Phänomenologie. Eine Einleitung in die phänomenologische Philosophie THE CRISIS OF THE EUROPEAN SCIENCES

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