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DIET AND HEALTH What is healthy eating?. Task : Paired work on laptops Look at the pictures and compare what the.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "DIET AND HEALTH What is healthy eating?. Task : Paired work on laptops Look at the pictures and compare what the."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 DIET AND HEALTH What is healthy eating?

2 Task : Paired work on laptops Look at the pictures and compare what the people in each country eat.

3 Im DGE-Ernährungskreis werden 7 Gruppen unterschieden: Getreide, Getreideprodukte, Kartoffeln Gemüse, Salat Obst Milch und Michprodukte Fleisch, Wurst, Fisch und Eier Öle und Fette Getränke

4 LebensmittelOrientierungswerte für Erwachsene Gruppe 1: Getreide, Getreideprodukte, Kartoffeln täglich 4 – 6 Scheiben (200 – 300 g) Brot oder 3 – 5 Scheiben (150 – 250 g) Brot und 50 – 60 g Getreideflocken und 1 Portion (200 – 250 g) Kartoffeln (gegart) oder 1 Portion (200 – 250 g) Nudeln (gegart) oder 1 Portion (150 – 180 g) Reis (gegart) Produkte aus Vollkorn bevorzugen Gruppe 2: Gemüse und Salat täglich mindestens 3 Portionen (400 g) Gemüse 300 g gegartes Gemüse und 100 g Rohkost/Salat oder 200 g gegartes Gemüse und 200 g Rohkost/Salat Gruppe 3: Obst täglich mindestens 2 Portionen (250 g) Obst Gruppe 4: Milch und Milchprodukte täglich 200 – 250 g fettarme Milch und Milchprodukte und 2 Scheiben (50 – 60 g) fettarmen Käse Gruppe 5: Fleisch, Wurst, Fisch und Eier wöchentlich 300 – 600 g fettarmes Fleisch (zubereitet) und fettarme Wurst und 1 Portion (80 – 150 g) fettarmen Seefisch (zubereitet) und 1 Portion (70 g) fettreichen Seefisch (zubereitet) und bis zu 3 Eier (inkl. verarbeitetes Ei) Gruppe 6: Öle und Fette täglich 10 – 15 g Öl (z. B. Raps-, Walnuss- oder Sojaöl) und 15 – 30 g Margarine oder Butter Gruppe 7: Getränke täglich rund 1,5 Liter bevorzugt energiefreie/-arme Getränke Source : DGE, 2015

5 Recommended daily intake guide: Based on an average adult’s daily requirement Of 8700kJ Did you know : 1 gram of protein17 kJ 1 gram of fat37 kJ 1 gram of carbohydrates17 kJ 1 gram of dietary fibre8 kJ 1 gram of alcohol29 kJ Energy Content - See more at: Kilojoules are a measure of energy. Pre metric name was calories.

6 WALT know what BMI is BMI is a measure of weight in accordance with your height Source : Task : Calculate your BMI

7 Source :http://www.mydailyintake.net/interpret-bmi/



10 WALT know what carbohydrate is Source :http://www.wholebodyhealthohio.com/carbohydrate-intolerance-a-deadly-disease/

11 Carbohydrate – 2 forms – simple and complex Simple – glucose Complex – starch and fibre (cellulose) Function – gives energy and structure to cells -Also known as sugar (saccharides) -Monosaccharides – has one sugar molecule eg. Glucose -Disaccharides – has two sugar molecules eg. Sucrose (table sugar) -Oligosaccharides – has 3to 10 sugar molecules -Polysaccharides – long chains of sugar molecules - eg. Glycogen, starch, cellulose

12 Good carbohydrates – non starchy, fibres, beans, wholemeal bread Bad carbohydrates – sugary item that are refined and processed, has lost most nutrients but still able to provide energy Known as empty calories, white rice, white bread https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zm_DyD6FJ0 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JGSttZLCzLo Task : Watch video and take down important notes

13 WALT know what protein is Functions of protein – acts as building blocks of tissue for growth, development and repair of tissues -serves as an energy source Made up of amino acids There are 20 different amino acids that combine to form polypeptides (protein). Watchhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRkYS YG5HXwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRkYS YG5HXw

14 WALT know what fat is Functions of fat -Provides essential fatty acids that we can’t make ourselves. -Acts as a source of energy -Carries important fat-soluble vitamins and is important for their absorption. 1 gram of fat provides 37kJ of energy, this is almost twice as much as a gram of carbohydrate. There are saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat. All types of fat provide the same number of calories regardless of the source that they come from. Some fat are essential for our diet and some can lead to diseases (heart diseases, cancer and type 2 diabetes). Watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_7EchSkkc0https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_7EchSkkc0

15 What Is The BMI? The body mass index is simply a number, derived by using height and weight measurements (for adults over 20 years old, bmi is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in meters squared), that gives a general indication if weight falls within a healthy range. If your bmi is between 18.5 and 25, you are said to have a normal weight. If it's over 25, you are overweight, and over 30 we are talking about obesity. How Do I Know What My Ideal Weight Is? Usually an ideal body weight is equivalent to a bmi of about 22. If you have tried using bmi tables to figure out your ideal weight, you may know it can be quite confusing. That's why we decided to offer you this simple ideal weight and overweight calculator. You just have to enter your personal information, and you'll find out what your ideal weight is. Moreover, if you are overweight, it will tell you how many extra pounds you have. To find out more about bmi, please visit this CDC page.this CDC page Insert :

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