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The Imperative mood is used to express commands, orders or instructions. In order to form the imperative, you must know two things. 1)What you want done.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "The Imperative mood is used to express commands, orders or instructions. In order to form the imperative, you must know two things. 1)What you want done."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 The Imperative mood is used to express commands, orders or instructions. In order to form the imperative, you must know two things. 1)What you want done. 2)Who you want to do it. Nicht Vergessen! (Dont forget) you There are three words for you in German. dudu - for one person you know well/informally ihrihr - for more than one person you know well/informally SieSie – for one or more people you treat more formally

2 du The " du " form of the imperative is formed by dropping the final -e "-en" of the infinitive and adding "-e" to the end of the word. This e "- e " ending is usually dropped in spoken and written German. gehen = du gehst = Geh! / Go! geben = du gibst = Gib! / Give! schlafen = du schläfst = Schlaf! / Sleep! If there is an umlaut, remove it. halten (to stop) schauen (to look) machen (to do) schreiben (to write) Halt! Schau! Mach! Schreib!

3 t, d, ig, m, or n e If the stem of the verb ends in a t, d, ig, m, or n preceded by an additional consonant, then the imperative form will retain the e. t warten = wart = Warte! / Wait! d binden = bind = Binde! / Tie! m atmen = atm = Atme! / Breath! antworten (to answer) öffnen (to open) Antworte! Öffne!

4 -i- iedu Irregular or Strong verbs that change the stem vowel to " -i- " or "- ie -" retain that change in the " du "-imperative. Here you may not add an "- e ": ie lesen = liest = Lies! / Read! ie sehen = siehst = Sieh! / See! i vergessen = vergisst = Vergiss! / Forget! helfen (to help) versprechen (to promise) essen (to eat) treffen (to meet) Hilf! Versprich! Iss! Triff!

5 Unlike other verbs, sein, wissen und werden do not change. sein = bist = Sei! / Be! wissen = weißt = Wisse! / Know! werden = wirst = Werde! / Become! Sei gut! Werde mutig! Wisse die Wahrheit! Be good! Become Courageous! Know the truth!

6 The Imperative mood is used to express commands, orders or instructions. In order to form the imperative, you must know two things. 1)What you want done. 2)Who you want to do it. Nicht Vergessen! (Dont forget) you There are three words for you in German. dudu - for one person you know well/informally ihrihr - for more than one person you know well/informally SieSie – for one or more people you treat more formally

7 ihr To make the ihr form: Simply take the ihr form of the present tense verb and drop the ihr gehen = ihr geht = Geht! / You all go! geben = ihr gebt = Gebt! / You all give! schlafen = ihr schlaft = Schlaft! / You all Sleep! helfen (to help) versprechen (to promise) halten (to stop) schauen (to look) Helft! Verspecht! Haltet! Schaut!

8 Sie To make the Sie form, simply take the Sie form of the verb. You must add the subject, Sie. Add an exclamation mark! This is the formal You command. trinken = Sie trinken = Trinken Sie! / You drink! geben = Sie geben = Geben Sie! / You give! schlafen = Sie schlafen = Schlafen Sie! / You sleep! arbeiten (to work) bauen (to build) sagen (to say) versuchen (to try) Arbeiten Sie! Bauen Sie! Sagen Sie! Versuchen Sie!

9 wir There is also a " wir " form of the imperative which equates to "Let's do something" rather than being an order. Simply take the Wir form of the verb. You must add the subject, Wir. Then, add an exclamation mark! trinken = Wir trinken = Trinken wir! / Lets drink! geben = Wir geben = Geben wir! / Lets give! schlafen = Wir schlafen = Schlafen wir! / Lets sleep! gehen (to go) fahren (to drive) fliegen (to fly) spazieren (to walk) Gehen wir! Fahren wir! Fliegen wir! Spazieren wir!


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