Die Präsentation wird geladen. Bitte warten

Die Präsentation wird geladen. Bitte warten

Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 A Corpus Based Approach to Near Synonymy of German Multi-Word Expressions Christiane Hümmer Collocations in the Dictionary.

Ähnliche Präsentationen


Präsentation zum Thema: "Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 A Corpus Based Approach to Near Synonymy of German Multi-Word Expressions Christiane Hümmer Collocations in the Dictionary."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 A Corpus Based Approach to Near Synonymy of German Multi-Word Expressions Christiane Hümmer Collocations in the Dictionary Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences

2 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Collocations in the Dictionary funded by the Alexander v. Humboldt foundation (Wolfgang Paul Award) headed by Christiane Fellbaum project coordinators: Alexander Geyken, Wolfgang Klein project members: Christian Chiarcos, Christiane Fritze, Bryan Jurish, Undine Kramer, Kerstin Krell, Gerald Neumann, Patrick Hanks, Christiane Hümmer, Alexey Sokirko, Diana Stantcheva, Ekaterini Stathi, Irena Vassileva, Ralf Wolz corpus based investigation on German verbal idioms

3 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 The Corpus DWDS Corpus –constructed as part of the project Digital Dictionary of German of the 20th Century –located at Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences –980 million words –covering the whole 20th century

4 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Introduction to the Subject Corpus based approach to Synonymy of Multi-Word Expressions (MWE) –for each MWE, describe the context conditions as found in the corpus –state the degree of semantic distance in terms of converging or diverging context conditions –state fine-grained differences in maximally similar contexts

5 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 A Case Study etw. liegt jmdm. im Blut sth. lies in sb.´s blood FrameNet based Frame Elements: PROPERTY- PROTAGONIST etw. ist jmdm. in die Wiege gelegt sth. was put in sb.´s cradle FrameNet based Frame Elements: THEME-RECIPIENT- (DONOR)

6 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Convergence I PropertyProtagonistSource Freude an schönen Farben taking pleasure in beautiful colours Jason Gebertvom Vater her from his father Fußball im Winter soccer in winter den Briten to the British [den Briten]

7 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Convergence I Auch steckte Jason Gebert vom Vater her eine Freude an schönen und aparten Farben [...] im Blut Hermann, Georg, Jettchen Gebert, [1906] Also, taking pleasure in beautiful colours [...] was in Jason Geberts blood as an inheritance from his father

8 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Convergence II Angeblich sind uns die Vorlieben für bestimmte Eissorten in die Wiege gelegt. Süddeutsche Zeitung [1999] reportedly, the predilections for certain flavours of ice-cream have been put in our cradle

9 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Convergence III PROPERTY argument of etw. liegt jmdm. im Blut THEME argument of etw. ist jmdm. in die Wiege gelegt Vorliebe für Frankreich ( INCLINATION ) preference for France Frankophilie ( INCLINATION ) Francophilia Das Tanzen ( FACULTY ) dancing Das Dichten ( FACULTY ) writing poetry

10 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Summary Convergence etw. ist jmdm. in die Wiege gelegt in Zustandspassiv etw. liegt jmdm. im Blut realised with an additional semantic argument expressing a SOURCE or DONOR for lexical items in THEME or PROPERTY position, interpretable as FACULTY/INCLINATION/ATTITUDE

11 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Divergence I Eltern und Erzieher haben ihnen das Erfolgsdenken in die Wiege gelegt Süddeutsche Zeitung [1995] parents and educators have put success oriented thinking into their cradle

12 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Divergence II "Beim gegenwärtigen Stand in Deutschland wird jedem Neugeborenen eine Schuld in Höhe von Mark in die Wiege gelegt", sagte Faltlhauser. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH 2000 as things are now in Germany, a debt of 27,000 marks is put in the cradle of every new born baby, said Faltlhauser

13 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Summary-Divergence realisation of etw. ist jmdm. in die Wiege gelegt in the active voice with DONOR as an agent mutually incompatible semantic class of lexical items in THEME and PROPERTY position

14 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Conditions of Semantic Difference semantic closeness or distance determined by: presence or absence of certain semantic arguments semantic and syntactic role they play in the sentence semantic class of the lexical items that realise them

15 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Subtle Meaning Differences typical modifications hint at characteristic semantic traits: –tief (deep) (etw. liegt jmdm. im Blut) –schon (already) (etw. ist jmdm. in die Wiege gelegt) national group as a typical PROTAGONIST of etw. liegt jmdm. im Blut: die Deutschen (Germans) (x10), die Schweizer (Swiss) (x2), Neger (Negroes) (x2) Indianer (Indians), Latinos (x2), Juden (Jews) (x3), Briten (British) (x2), Südländer (Southerners) etc.

16 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Conclusion I degree of synonymity of the two idioms in use is proportional to the degree of overlap of possible contexts subtle semantic differences are present and observable on the basis of corpus data even in contexts where the expressions are maximally synonymous

17 Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 Conclusion II establish a synonymy scale discuss the concept of interchangeability show how corpus evidence reflects meaning as a property of the lexical item


Herunterladen ppt "Christiane Hümmer GWN Conference 2004 A Corpus Based Approach to Near Synonymy of German Multi-Word Expressions Christiane Hümmer Collocations in the Dictionary."

Ähnliche Präsentationen


Google-Anzeigen