4Was ist PREVENT?PREVENT ist ein Schlüsselelement der britischen Antiterrorstrategie CONTEST
5Zielsetzung Die Prevent Strategie strebt an: Auf alle Formen des Terrorismus und Extremismus einzugehenMenschen davon abzuhalten Terroristen oder Unterstützer von Terroristen zu werden
6EinzelzieleAuf die ideologische Herausforderung des Terrorismus und Extremismus und auf die Bedrohung von den Personen, die diese fördern, zu reagierenPersonen vor der Gefahr zu schützen, in den Terrorismus hineingezogen zu werden und ihnen mit Rat und Unterstützung zur Seite zu stehenSolche gesellschaftlichen Bereiche und Institutionen zu unterstützen, in denen es Gefahren der Radikalisierung gibt
7Ergebnisse Radikalisierung ist meist ein Prozess kein Ereignis Während dieses Prozesses ist es möglich Personen, die gefährdet sind in terroristisch Aktivitäten verwickelt zu werden, zu identifizieren, zu intervenieren und diese davon abzuhalten
8Keine Aufgabe nur für die Polizei Private InitiativenKommunen+SchulenKeine Aufgabe nur für die Polizei
9Alle Mitglieder der Gemeinschaft Der Etagen AnsatzEtage 1Alle Mitglieder der Gemeinschaft
10Alle mitglieder der Gesellschaft Der Etagen AnsatzEtage 1Alle mitglieder der GesellschaftEtage 2Der Gefährdete
11Ausrichtung zum Extremismus Alle Mitgleider der Gemeinschaft Der Etagen AnsatzEtage 3Ausrichtung zum ExtremismusEtage 2Der GefährdeteEtage 1Alle Mitgleider der Gemeinschaft
12Alle Mitglieder der Gemeinschaft Ausrichtung zum Extremismus Der Etagen AnsatzEtage 1Alle Mitglieder der GemeinschaftEtage 2Der GefährdeteEtage 3Ausrichtung zum ExtremismusEtage 4Aktiver Gesetzes-verstoß
13Polizei, Partner und Kommunen Vorsorge / Prevent:Nicht nur eine polizeilich geführte AktivitätErfordert effektive PartnerschaftNachbarschaftspolitikEngagierte KommunenCredible voice?
14Credible Voice Eine glaubwürdige Stimme ist: Eine Person/Gruppe/Organisation, die in der Lage ist eine Gemeinschaft / Gesellschaft oder einen Teil davon authentisch und offen zu repräsentieren positive Nachrichten effektiv kommunizieren kann.
15Credible Voice Schwer zu gewinnen und leicht zu verlieren Vertrauen und Zutrauen in Vertreter der Gemeinschaft:Schwer zu gewinnen und leicht zu verlierenVerlangt diplomatisches und sensibles VorgehenIst entscheidend für den Erfolg
18ÜberblickSemi-strukturierte, nachvollziehbare und szenario-basierte Übung‘4R’ Zyklus Design: React, Response, Repercussions, Review (Reaktion, Antwort, Auswirkung, Bewertung)Übung und Szenario ist in drei Phasen aufgeteilt
20Die Rolle des TrainersDer Trainer ist der Schlüssel für eine erfolgreiche Übung. Der Trainer führt die Glaubhafte Stimme durch die Übung innerhalb eines gesetzen Rahmens und erlaubt auch Raum für Diskussion und InteraktionDer Trainer hört zu, engagiert sich, fragt, fordert heraus, ermutigt, unterstützt und bezieh jeden in die Diskussion mit ein
21Ziel der ÜbungDas Ziel von SMART CV ist ein Training für die Unterstützung der Entwicklung von Glaubwürdigen Stimmen (Credible Voices) zur Verfügung zu stellen. Diese sollen durch ihr Handeln die Bürger in ihren Gemeinden auch mit Hilfe von sozialen Medien schützen, um die Möglichkeiten der Radikalisierung nach terroristischen Anschlägen zu minimieren.
22Übungsziel Am Ende der Übung wird der Teilnehmer in der Lage sein; Zu erklären wie extreme und efährliche Kommentare in sozialen Netzwerken einen negativen Effekt für die Geesellschaft nach einem terroristischen Anschlag haben könnenExplain the role of an on-line Credible Voice to safeguard against opportunities for radicalisation following a terrorist eventDemonstrate how a Credible Voice can support Law Enforcement Agency efforts to counter extreme and harmful narratives online following a terrorist eventExplain how they can provide positive narratives and become a Credible Voice of their community to prevent the opportunities for radicalisation following a terrorist event
23Session Objectives Explanation of terms Table top Exercise Final thoughtsThe aim of today’s exercise is to consider the role that members of society can play during or after an incident that can have an impact on their community, and how social media can be used.Before we start the exercise we will briefly discuss what social media means, who and what is a credible voice and provide an overview of radicalisation.Following on from this there will be a table top exercise and finally we will focus on some final thoughts and take any questions you may have.
25Social Media – here are just a select few examples which you might be familiar with.
26What is Social Media?Online technology which people can use to share opinions, different perspectives and insights.It can take the form of TEXT, IMAGES, AUDIO and VIDEOExamples include:‘Facebook’ - social networking‘Twitter’ – micro-blogging‘Flikr’ – video / photo sharing siteNews blogsSo - what is social media?Essentially, social media incorporates the online technology and methods through which people can share content, personal opinions, swap different perspectives and insights into world issues or events.It can take the form of:Text - text is often used to put across opinions or write blog posts.Images - images and photos can display anything from holiday photos to shots by professional photographers.Audio - social media lets you create podcasts for users to download.Video - video sites mean that you'll be able to record a video of your child's birthday for friends all over the world to seeJust a few examples, which you might have heard of include:Facebook – this is what is known as a social networking site where people can share information about themselves and what they are doing and converse with friends worldwide.Twitter – this is what is known as a micro-blogging site, where people write a small message (a ‘Tweet’) about what they are doing, what is happening, or voice their opinions about a particular event or situation. These messages can then be seen across the globe by anyone with access to Twitter.Flikr – this is an example of a photo and video sharing website where people can upload their pictures and share them with either a specific selection of people or anyone with access to the internet.News Blogs – where news providers can update their followers about the most recent and breaking news headlines, and people can respond with their own comments and opinions.
27What is Radicalisation? A process by which an individual or group comes to adopt increasingly extreme political, social, or religious ideals and aspirations that reject or undermine the norm
28Ursachen für Radikslisierung Ihre Ideen? Missinterpretation einer Religion / IdeologieSoziale AusgrenzungDiskriminierungFehlende soziale IdentitätJugendlich, leicht beeinflussbarÖkonomische Benachteiligung, ArmutHumiliationDistrust of those in powerBeing targeted by a radical groupSeeing innocent people caught in the cross fire of warGlobalisation – mass transitInternet, use of social media = ease of communicationThere are many factors which influence how and why someone becomes radicalised.These factors tend to be linked.It is very rare that there is only one reason which influences a person to adopt a radical view.Some examples of the triggers of radicalisation include:1. Misinterpretation of an idea, for example misunderstanding a religious book, a meaning, or the message a group conveys.2. Exclusion / rejection from certain social groups.3. Discrimination / harassment due to being from a certain background, culture or religion. Whether this is real of perceived.4. Young, easily influenced individuals with a lack of social identity – who are trying to work out who they are and which group they belong to.An example of such might be a young British born Pakistani who is encouraged to speak Urdu at home and follow a traditional upbringing but speaks English at school and is encouraged by his friends to follow a western way of life. This young man is unsure which group to identify with and when taken on holiday to Pakistan to visit family his cousins tease him that he does not fit into their culture either.5. Economic deprivation, poverty or feeling unfairly disadvantaged compared to others.6. Feelings of humiliation – whether this is in person or on behalf of people from a certain culture, triggered by:Witnessing police brutalityA distrust of the government or those in a position of powerDisagreeing with particular policies.A countries involvement in war.Seeing innocent people being caught up in the cross fire of war.7. Being targeted by a radical group –An example is X who lost a parent at a young age as a result of war, who was bullied at school and never felt accepted. X meets a far right wing group that offers them a feeling of acceptance and being part of a family for the first time in their life and quickly becomes indoctrinated in the views of this group, even though prior to this X had no involvement in the far right wing and held no radical right wing views.8. Globalisation – developments in technology, mass transit and the internet and the use of social media make it far easier for radical ideas to be shared across the globe amongst mass audiences.
29The Aftermath of Radicalisation This is a brief example of how radicalisation can affect communities.
30Just over 7 years ago ladies and gentleman three young men, from less than ½ mile from where we are sitting now, got into a car, picked up a fourth male from Luton and went on to London to commit the biggest atrocity the UK has seen since the 2nd World War – the 7/7 bombings, as a result of being radicalised.The authorities had no suspicion that the attack was being planned.The ground floor flat in Leeds being used by this team as their bomb factory smelt of noxious fumes, plants and hedges outside the windows were dead and stained from hydrogen peroxide fumes, and paintwork inside the premises was blistered. Neighbours later said that they noticed these things but did not know who to speak to.Had we had a Prevent team in place, or had the right people to speak out in the community – could this attack have been avoided?The answer to this question is that we will never know, but we might have been better prepared if credible voices within the community had been identified.
31Just over 7 years ago ladies and gentleman three young men, from less than ½ mile from where we are sitting now, got into a car, picked up a fourth male from Luton and went on to London to commit the biggest atrocity the UK has seen since the 2nd World War – the 7/7 bombings, as a result of being radicalised.The authorities had no suspicion that the attack was being planned.The ground floor flat in Leeds being used by this team as their bomb factory smelt of noxious fumes, plants and hedges outside the windows were dead and stained from hydrogen peroxide fumes, and paintwork inside the premises was blistered. Neighbours later said that they noticed these things but did not know who to speak to.Had we had a Prevent team in place, or had the right people to speak out in the community – could this attack have been avoided?The answer to this question is that we will never know, but we might have been better prepared if credible voices within the community had been identified.
33Imagine you are residents within a city. City ProfileIndustrial town surrounded by large farming areaDiverse populationHigh poverty and unemploymentResentment towards the immigrant populationLack of support and grants for farmersHome of a large University – Domestic and International studentsEvents: Up and coming International Cycle Race and march of troops returning from AfghanistanImagine you are residents within a city.This city is an industrial town that also has a large farming community in the surrounding areas.The city has a very diverse and established community comprising a number of people from ethnic minority’s particularity from Pakistan, India and the Caribbean. The majority of recent emerging communities are Somalis, followed by Iranians, Iraqis and Eritreans (This can easily be substituted for Roma Gypsies, Turkish Kurds etc…) Because of the fragmented nature of these communities, there is evidence that they do not have a collective voice and may lack capacity to support the mainstream messages against radicalisation. The youth groups in the area have not had financial support or facilities available to them that more established communities have. As a result the new and emerging communities rely on ‘café culture’ and ‘cyber café’ meeting groups and regularly meet as street groups. They regularly use social media to contact relatives and friends in their Mother Countries. The rise in poverty and unemployment has contributed to a growing sense of not only anti-immigrant resentment but also anger towards both the local and national governments. There is also anger amongst the farming community about for EU grants local grants are not being given to those who really need it.The City University:The University is home to both British and international students from such places as Israel, Pakistan and the United States of America.Upcoming events:The start of a world renowned cycle race is due in the city in a few weeks time. To celebrate this there will also be a march by troops returning from combat duties in Afghanistan. This is to vastly increase visitors to the city and also attract a large television audience from around the world.
34Setting the Scene Tuesday Morning rush hour No concerns amongst commutersTHINKING CAPS ON!!It is a normal Tuesday morning.You are going about your usual routine.
35You suddenly hear this breaking news… Exercise 1 (a) NEW FEED 1. 09:21BREAKING NEWS:LARGE EXPLOSION AT CITY CENTRE BUS STATIONReports are coming in that a large explosion has rocked the city centreYou suddenly hear this breaking news…
36Social Media Feed 1(a)1. 09:22 Explosion at bus station- city centre, more to AAB News –Breaking2. 09:25 The city centre completely cordoned off, roads are blocked and it is chaos everywhere! What’s going on?Omar a3. 09:25 Something terrible has happened at the bus station. People are covered in blood everywhere #completecarnageTanya
37Questions Exercise 1(a) Put social media tweets back up Questions: Share your initial reactions to the news / social media bulletinsWhat do you think has happened?Give each table a flip chart sheet with a question on.Take a few minutes to discuss these question with the people on your table.Trainer Prompt:WALK ROUND AND SPEAK TO TABLES to encourage ideas and communication between the delegates.Ask each table to answer one of the questions.ANSWERS: PICK PEOPLE AT RANDOM NOT GO ROUND EACH TABLE(MAX 10 minutes?)
38A further news bulletin has just been aired. Exercise 1(b) New Feed 2. 09:45TOP NEWS: BUS EXPLOSIONWe are now receiving reports that some of the casualties from the explosion are thought to be International students from the city’s University.A further news bulletin has just been aired.
39Social Media Feed 1(b)4. 09:47 My friend was on a coach trip from the University, his name is Efrayim Reznik, does anyone know how I find out if he is ok?Samuel5. 09:47 HELPLINES: Police Control Room / City Hospital / St. George Hospital Useful information can be found at:Bus Station6. 09:50 I’m stuck in the bus station – they are trying to get people out and deal with the injured as quickly as they can. Does anyone know if it was a bomb?ZolaBus Station Explosion
407. 09:52 There’s smoke everywhere in the bus station, it must have been a bomb. Jessica8. 09:59 I’ve started a photo blog check my Flikr pageVinkukimar
42Questions Exercise 1(b) Put social media tweets or photos back up. Where else could you look for relevant information?Give each table a flip chart sheet with a question on.Take a few minutes to discuss this question with the people on your table.Trainer Prompt:TVRadioNeighboursFriendsWord of mouth / gossipPoliceHelp lines(MAX minutes?)
43TRAIN THE TRAINER Train the trainer: West Yorkshire Police has both a Facebook and Twitter page which it uses to regularly update the public about events, meetings, crime statistics and areas of concern
44Social Media Feed 210. 10:15 Does anyone know if the International students were a target?Sylvia the11. 10:17 Who cares if the people on that bus are from the University. I don’t like Universities. They are breeding grounds for bombers. The Detroit bomber was educated at a University.David12. 10:23 I saw a foreign looking male running away from the bus station after the explosion happened. Did anyone else see him?More and more comments are being added to social media sites.These are just a select few comments which are being made.
4513. 10:23 I was there and I didn’t see a muslim male running away, but it wouldn’t surprise me. Al Qaeda terrorist attack again!John14. 10:25 Muslims are a threat to world peace, and what about those gypsies and kurds too?Roger15. 10:30 You must be incredibly ignorant to come out with those comments instead of expressing sympathy for those who have been caught up in this. How do we know what the motivation for this attack was? #world peaceRob16. 10:33 Rob Briton you’re deluded - we all know this was another jihadist crazed bomber. We need to protect our country against this evil. RISE UP CITY! #riseupnowX Right
46A Choudary @muslimsagainstcrusades 17. 10:35 You white right wing scum are all the same. Whatever you throw at us we will come back twice as hard.AIt is clear to see that things are escalating quickly
47Questions Exercise 2 Put social media feed back up? Questions: Give each table a flip chart sheet with a question on.Take a few minutes to discuss these question with the people on your table.Who would be most affected by such comments?What could the consequences of such comments be?Trainer Prompt:GO ROUND TALKING TO EACH TABLEWHO WOULD BE MOST LIKELY TO BE RADICALISED?(MAX 45 minutes.)Ask each group to consider the profile of who they think the perpetrator might be? Male, female, background, why they’ve done this, how, when, where…Hand out further information sheets – 2 weeks later and 3 weeks later
48Train the TrainerWhat are the laws, regulations and restrictions regarding social media in your country?
49Case StudyDuring the summer riots of 2011 in Britain an unemployed landscape gardener named Sutcliffe, who had just one previous conviction, created a Face book page entitled ‘The Warrington Riots’ and urged 400 friends to join him in creating mayhem.A further male named Blackshaw (a petty criminal) created an event called ‘Smash Down in Northwich Town’ and invited 147 people to gather at a McDonald’s in the centre of the historic town for a looting spree.Both pages were quickly spotted by the police and taken down before any violence occurred.Even though nothing happened as a result of these pages both males were arrested, charged and were later sentenced to 4 years each in prison for inciting riot.
50Life in the city post incident… Hand out information sheets:Two weeks laterAnd after this has been read and digested…Three weeks laterThe groups should be given time to consider what has happened post event, and can be given a few minutes to chat about this.There is no requirement to ask them to feed back their thoughts.
51Exercise 3Q1) If a similar situation were to happen how would YOU help to bring your community back to normality?Q2) How could you use social media to help in this?Q3) What tools do you think you would need to assist moving forward?Discuss these questions with your tableTrainer prompt:GO ROUND TALKING TO EACH TABLETOOLS - means training, exposure to social media, where can they obtain further training? Linked courses etc?Once discussion has finished,..SHOW FINAL VIDEO SLIP FROM S.A.V.EExplanation prior to clip being shown:This clip captures the stories of mothers whose children have committed acts of violent extremism as a result of being radicalised.The mothers discuss how the choices their children made had a devastating affect on their lives, and the lives of their families and communities.AFTER THE VIDEOHopefully you will all agree that the importance of acting against radicalisation as a credible voice is more important now more than ever due to the rise in use of social media.The role that you play as a credible voice in your community is KEY to reducing radicalisation and ensuring the correct and right messages reach your friends, colleagues, family and associates.“Thank you all for your input, does anyone have any final questions?”END
52SAVE: Sisters Against Violent Extremism To use the film ‘Mother’ please either contactOr