Die Präsentation wird geladen. Bitte warten

Die Präsentation wird geladen. Bitte warten

Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage.

Ähnliche Präsentationen


Präsentation zum Thema: "Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 1 1 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN SELEAC project International Seminar and Workshop on Creating and Sharing E-learning Content Information design - methods for structuring and designing learner motivating e-learning content

2 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 2 2 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Structure of the Workshop Didactical aspects (context for creating and using content) Information Mapping (design of content) Exercise as an example for structuring a learning object Summary

3 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 3 3 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Didactics Didactics deals with the question who is to learn what when with whom where how and why? (Hilbert Meyer, Didaktische Modelle 1994). Didactics is a sub-discipline of pedagogics and is considered by some to be at its core. It is concerned with the design of learning offers, techniques of learning and its transfer, independent of specific learning content. (Wikipedia). Interaction of learner, teacher, content and context human being technology human beeing interaction with a system interaction based on a system

4 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 4 4 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Short Reflection Remember your own experiences with e-learning: Where did you see or use a learner motivating e- learning content? What did it make exceptional or motivating to use?

5 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 5 5 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Interaction of didactical aspects Learning content (1) Learner (4)Teacher (3) Learning context (2) - selection of content and tasks - design of interaction - offer of support - way of feedback - bias for certain style of learning - standard of knowledge - interest in the field - feeling of success, motivation - quality (up to date, professionally correctness, information design...) - access (aivailability of metadata,..) - individual or in groups - embedded in vocational training - availability of technologies - standard of knowledge within a group

6 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 6 6 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Interaction of didactical aspects Learning content (1) Learner (4)Teacher (3) Learning context (2) - selection of content and tasks - design of interaction - support and feedback - individuals or groups - embedded in vocational training - availability of technologies Examples for support creating and using e-learning content in Seleac chief evaluators, validators, metadata support transferring SCOs in different LMS metadata, guidelines, models for aggregations - quality (up to date, professionally correctness, information design...) - access (aivailability of metadata,..) - bias for certain style of learning - level of knowledge and interest in the field - motivation and success integration of students

7 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 7 7 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Learning content (1) Didactical Metadata: gift-wrapping of content to enhance accessibility How can didactical metadata support teachers 1) to focus on methodological aspects of teaching as in traditional classroom settings, 2) to build more coherent aggregations for SCOs. Metadata within the Seleac system: media type, educational material type, educational activity type, interactivity level,.... -> Metadata are data about content to make it easy to find the suitable content for the right situation Further information in the learning units: Learning goal at the beginning and a conclusion at the end of an SCO.

8 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 8 8 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Learning context (2) The context is important for succesfull learning. One aspect of context concerns how e-learning is implemented into teaching scenarios. For an optimal blended-learning scenario there should be a good balance between different parts, e.g.: 1. Expository phase of web-based learning Infomrmation is offered to acquire knowledge -> content-oriented or teacher-oriented learning 2.Team-based learning with tasks Learners can construct their knowledge, check it in comparison with peers and correct it if necessary 3.Discussion-oriented learning Discusssion in a larger group or in a web-based environment 4.Individual exercise-oriented learning Entry-level tests (close to real life tasks) and self-assessment

9 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 9 9 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Teachers (3) and Learners (4) New requirements for teachers and learners: research techniques, media literacy competencies, methodological and social competencies Instruction methods Teacher roleLearner role directed learning active leader (authority) -> gives instructions rather passive consumer / listener self-directed learning facilitator / coach -> observation and help open minded concerning different ways to achieve learning goals active recipient collaborative learning moderator -> guidance for cooperation agent, committed to active acquisition of knowledge Necessary motivation growing importance

10 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 10 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN10 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Experiences in universities Why does content often remain unused? Main results of the evaulations of new media projects in universities* Less than 10% of the teachers at universities use e-learning for teaching. Major shortcomings: - support by tutors - discussion with others - learn and study groups, social communities (team spirit) Motivating e-learning content does not exist as such – motivation is a result of the combination of the factors e-learning content, leaning context, teacher concept and learner personality. *Arnold, R. et al., E-Learning, 2004

11 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 11 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN11 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Information Mapping®

12 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 12 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN12 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Originator of Information Mapping Method The Information Mapping® Method was developed by Prof. Robert E. Horn (Harvard University, Boston) in order to facilitate the process of writing documents and support the increase of information perception. For 30 years this method has been used by many enterprises all over the world and has been further developed and optimised. Knowledge about the Information Mapping® Method is offered in worldwide seminars.

13 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 13 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN13 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Basics of Information Mapping (IMAP) Basis of IMAP is scientific research as well as the function of human brain. Information Mapping is based on generally valid results from cognitive psychology. These results refer to how information has to be structured, written, and designed for best perception by, and use for the reader.

14 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 14 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN14 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Common Situation Everybody is faced with numerous texts such as s, reports, minutes, documentations, user manuals, etc. on a daily basis. Unfortunately these texts are often: hard to understand hard to read too long purpose is unclear not structured not easy to survey

15 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 15 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN15 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Requirements for documents Which requirements have to be met by documents in order to make information rapidly available? Purpose of document has to be clear. Relevant information has to be found quickly. Document has to be distinct. Structured documents: Can be reused. Can be retrieved. Can be managed efficiently.

16 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 16 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN16 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Objectives of IMAP Objectives of this method are: For readers: Information of any kind has to be structured, so that created documents are accessible and the contained information is easy to understand for the reader. For authors: This method leads every author to a kind of writing in which the reader and his requirements are important. Therefore this method is particularly appropriate for technical documentation, since the reader has to be able to learn and understand quickly, and needs to be able to translate information into action. In the case of multiple authorship of document, the organisation of the document and the presentation of information should be standardised.

17 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 17 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN17 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Components of IMAP 1. Analysis2. Organisation3. Presentation

18 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 18 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN18 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Analysis 1.Determine purpose of document. 2.Determine audiences needs. 3.Determine thematic content and learning objectives

19 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 19 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN19 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Top-down Analysis

20 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 20 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN20 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Bottom-up Analysis

21 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 21 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN21 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Organisation of Information … according to 4 principles: 1.Chunking: Information has to be structured in simple/logical and easy to handle units. 2.Relevance: Information units always contain parts which belong to one specific topic only. Regarding readers purpose the unit contains only important information. 3.Labelling: Every information unit has a title which clearly defines purpose, function, or content. 4.Consistency: Similar information and structures will be treated similarly. The principles of organisation and labelling will be systematically used on very document layer.

22 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 22 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN22 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Grouping of Information Units

23 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 23 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN23 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Grouping of Information Units A block consists of one or more paragraphs, tables, diagrams, or illustrations. It always refers to one limited topic and has a title. Regarding the topic, the block always shows information from the readers point of view. Therefore a block reflects a fundamental idea. A map consists of several coherent blocks reflecting on a common topic. A map also has a title which describes shared content and purpose of the complete map.

24 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 24 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN24 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Example Map Relevance Consistency Chunking Labelling

25 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 25 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN25 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Presentation of Information Categories In Information Mapping 7 information categories are used. Just ONE information category is used in every block. These categories are: Procedure Process Structure Concept/term Principle Fact Classification.

26 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 26 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN26 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Information Categories and Definitions CategoryDefinitionExample procedureA procedure indicates a set of action steps, which the reader must implement. Information on how one does something. Decisions and actions resulting thereof. processA process describes a sequence of events, which occur within a certain period of time and have an identifiable result. Description of how something takes place or what happens. Descriptions of conditions and results occurring thereof. structureA structure describes a physical object or something which can be divided into individual parts. Description of things. Something that can be depicted figuratively. Concepts/termA concept communicates ideas, abstractions or connections. Explanations of new terms. Definitions. principleA principle illustrates to the reader what he principally is to do or should take into consideration. References. Warnings. factA fact depicts something which in principle is true. Specifications. Data, statistics. Research results. classificationA classification is a structured composition of facts. Aspects of... Types of … Attributes of …

27 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 27 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN27 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Information Category Procedure Definition: A procedure indicates a set of action steps which the reader must implement. Presentation as: Simple procedure table. Enhanced procedure table.

28 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 28 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN28 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Presentation of Category procedure Example simple procedure table StepAction 1Lift the printer cover and open the cabinet door. 2Press the ON/OFF line button to take the printer offline. 3Press the TOP OF FORM button to advance the paper to the top of a clean sheet. 4Tear off any used sheets. 5Push the hammerlock back to release the paper. In the following table you will find instructions on how to remove a paper jam in a printer. Instructions in case of paper jam.

29 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 29 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN29 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Choose Acrobat Distiller from the printer menu Presentation of Category procedure Example enhanced procedure table Specify options2 1 ActionStep Instruction: How to create a PDF. In the following table you will find instructions on how to create a PDF.

30 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 30 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN30 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Information Category Structure Definition: A structure describes a physical object or something which can be divided into individual parts. Presentation as: Graphic representation. Graphic representation including parts table.

31 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 31 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN31 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Presentation of Category Structure Example graphic representation The following illustration shows the anatomy of the human ear. Anatomy of the human ear.

32 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 32 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN32 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Presentation of Category Structure Example graphic representation incl. parts table ItemName 1 Impression cylinder 2 Two imaging heads 3 Blanket cylinders 4 Plate cylinders 5 Patented, keyless Gravuflow TM inking unit Construction of a printing machine shown in diagram and parts table belonging to it. Construction of a digital printing machine.

33 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 33 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN33 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Information Category Principle Definition: A principle illustrates to the reader what he principally is to do or should take into consideration. Presentation is distinguished according to the following list: Rule / Standard / Law Principle / Recommendation Warning Precaution Requirements Generalisation Thesis What should/should not be done. Generalisations/statements which are considered to be true.

34 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 34 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN34 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Presentation of Category Principles Example Caution: Caution! Never use hydrochloric acid together with other toilet detergents or disinfectants! Highly toxic gases may emerge! Caution Hydrochloric Acid

35 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 35 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN35 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Information Category Classification Definition: A classification is a structured composition of facts. Presentation as: Classification list Classification table

36 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 36 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN36 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Presentation of Category Classification Example classification list Fruit Ice cream: Strawberry Lemon Raspberry... List of fruit ice creams offered.

37 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 37 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN37 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Presentation of Category Classification FormatFile extensionMeaning HTML*.htmlHyper Text Markup Language PDF*.pdfPrintable Document Format PPT*.pptPowerPoint Document RTF*.rtfRich Text Format Example classification table Various data formats:In the table you will find the requested data formats.

38 Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN 38 SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN38 Workshop Seleac SELEAC / EDU-ELEARN Exercise as an example for structuring a learning object Imagine you find the following instruction: - What would you do to make the text easier to read and understand? - Which suggestions from the presentation would you take up? - What can you change?


Herunterladen ppt "Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten Formatvorlage."

Ähnliche Präsentationen


Google-Anzeigen