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Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs Model-based Safety Requirements.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs Model-based Safety Requirements."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs Model-based Safety Requirements Engineering for complex ATM Systems Dipl.- Ing. Lothar Meyer Dr.-Ing. Michael Schultz

2 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Evaluation of a virtual control tower HMI design Safety Assessment of a virtual control tower HMI design Identification of information demand [1] Substituting visual information cues by display systems Evaluation of virtual control tower HMI design by applying safety criteria 2Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer

3 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Display Systems used for the Virtual Control Tower Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer3 Airborne Surveillance Ground surveillance Video Surveillance

4 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Preliminary System Safety Assessment Second step of the Safety Assessment [2] Precondition is the availability of identified hazards and its safety objectives Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer4

5 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Preliminary System Safety Assessment Determining system architecture Identification of causal events that contribute to the probability of hazard occurrences Identification of causal logic Modeling fault tree for identified hazards Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer5

6 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Performing evaluation studies were performed Hazard causes need to be identified with respect to the ability of the operator to detect visual information. Experimental design included 12 student probands and three test arrangements of the virtual tower design Performing tests with factorial plan Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer6 Proband Traffic Generator Sequence Local hazards Procedual failures Traffic situation Clear traffic Display Situation Traffic data Percept events

7 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Results of the experimental cause identification Determining the occurrence probability of separation minima violation by giving incorrect clearance, runway incursion by giving incorrect clearance, detecting events as e.g. Unauthorized stop bar overrun and Animal occurrence. Missed approach Sensitivity analysis of probability according to variation of design Interviewing probands for causes of failure and non- detection qualitatively. Causes were e.g. lack of resolution on the holding points and take-off position Redundancy of visual information A low information density (detection time) Loss of depth information e.g. missed approach on the ground surveillance display Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer7

8 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Modeling in fault trees and apportionment Modeling perceptual lacks in the system design as causative events More than three fault trees were modeled Apportionment of safety objectives into safety requirements according to given causal logic Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer8 A/C position not detected P=10 -9 Stopp bar not localizable Spatial recognition of A/C decreased Lack of contrast Resolution of A/C is unsufficent Displayed A/C dimensions are unsufficent Movements are not predictable Altitude of A/C not detectable Visual information too distributed Used too many types ot Display systems Too many display fields Density of visual information insufficent

9 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Introduction of causal network models Performing apportionment fault tree modeling dont respect multidependencies of the causal events. Redundant allocation of causal events with safety requirements Performing apportionment by use of a causal network would take into account multidependencies Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer9 Parameter 1 Parameter 2 Parameter 3 Hz1 Hz2 Hz3 Accident Major Incident Case 1: simple impact Case 2: multi impact Case 3:no impact Serious Incident (Runway Incursion)

10 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Mathematic modeling for causal network models Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer10 Hazard H 1 Cause C 1 Cause C 2

11 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Mathematic modeling for causal network models Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer11

12 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Mathematic modeling for causal network models Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer12

13 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 EMF – Eclipse Modelling Framework ( GMF) Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer13

14 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Demonstration of causal networks models Trivial sample of the experimental identification in the virtual control tower Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer14 A/C presence not detectable (SO=10 -9 ) H1H1 H1H1 A/C position not detectable (SO=10 -9 ) H2H2 H2H2 Wildlife presence not detectable (SO= ) H3H3 H3H3 resolution too low C2C2 C2C2 contrast too low Vision system too diversive C3C3 C3C3 C1C1 C1C1

15 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Result Solution space of safety requirements that comply to given safety objectives Sample shows boundaries of three dimensional case. Visualization realized by Matlab 3D Plot functions Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer15

16 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Boundary conditions Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer16

17 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Summary An experimental identification hazard cause has been performed to the virtual control tower design Modeling of fault trees does not take into account multidependencies (redundancy of safety requirements) Apportionment method that is extended by use of a causal network offers the possibility to determine safety requirements that meets personalized optimization criterion A static transfer function has been deduced that maps causal probabilities to hazard probabilities A software framework has been developed that supports modeling, parameterizing and visualization of the extended apportionment method the method has been applied to a sample of the virtual tower and criterion and related final safety requirements has been set The method demands for additional validation with safety related air navigation systems. Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer17

18 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Thank you. Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer18

19 Fakultät Verkehrswissenschaften, Institut für Luftfahrt und Logistik, Professur Technologie und Logistik des Luftverkehrs ATM Seminar 2011 Bibliography [1] L. Meyer et al. (2010), Functional Hazard Analysis of Virtual Control Towers, Valenciennes, IFAC. [2] SAM-TF (2004), Preliminary system safety assessment, Eurocontrol, Brussels, Belgium. [3] H. Kruegle, Ed., CCTV Surveillance: Analog and Digital Video Practices and Technology. USA: Elsevier, Dipl.- Ing Lothar Meyer19


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