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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM II.. PHARYNX Fornix pharyngis Cavum pharyngis.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "DIGESTIVE SYSTEM II.. PHARYNX Fornix pharyngis Cavum pharyngis."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 DIGESTIVE SYSTEM II.

2 PHARYNX Fornix pharyngis Cavum pharyngis

3 CHOANAE ISTHMUS FAUCIUM ADITUS LARYNGIS

4 RECESSUS PHARYNGEUS

5 TONSILLA PHARYNGEA OSTIUM PHARYNGEUM TUBAE AUDITIVAE: - TORUS TUBARIUS (PLICA SALPINGOPHARYNGEA) - TORUS LEVATORIUS - PLICA SALPINGOPALATINA TONSILLA TUBARIA NASOPHARYNX:

6 Waldeyer lymphoepithelial ring Adenoid facies

7 OROPHARYNX

8 LARYNGOPHARYNX: -RECESSUS PIRIFORMIS -PLICA N. LARYNGEI

9 M. CONSTRICTOR PHARYNGIS SUP. M. CONSTRICTOR PHARYNGIS MEDIUS M. CONSTRICTOR PHARYNGIS INF. - RAPHE PHARYNGIS

10 FASCIA PHARYNGOBASILARIS (LUSCHKA’S SEMILUNAR SPACE)

11 - PARS PTERYGOPHARYNGEA BUCCOPHARYNGEA MYLOPHARYNGEA GLOSSOPHARYNGEA M. CONSTRICTOR PHARYNGIS SUP.: M. CONSTRICTOR PHARYNGIS MEDIUS: -PARS CHONDROPHARYNGEA CERATOPHARYNGEA M. CONSTRICTOR PHARYNGIS INF.: -PARS THYROPHARYNGEA CRICOPHARYNGEA

12 LEVATORS: M. PALATOPHARYNGEUS M. SALPINGOPHARYNGEUS M. STYLOPHARYNGEUS

13 LIG. RETROPHARYNGEUM MEDIANUM

14 OESOPHAGUS

15 PARS CERVICALIS PARS THORACICA - PARS RETROTRACHEALIS - PARS RETROPERICARDIACA Recessus retrooesophageus

16 PARS ABDOMINALIS

17 GASTROOESOPHAGEAL JUNCTION

18 OESOPHAGOGRAPHY

19 GASTER Regio hypochondriaca sin. Chymus

20

21 Cardia (Ostium cardiacum) Fornix (fundus) gastricus Incisura cardialis Corpus gastricum Pars pylorica Pylorus (Ostium pyloricum) Paries anterior Paries posterior Curvatura major Curvatura minor Incisura angularis

22 Pars digestoria: Ostium cardiacum Fundus gastricus Canalis gastricus Pars egestoria: Antrum pyloricum (sinus gastricus) Sulcus intermedius Canalis pyloricus Ostium pyloricum

23 Plicae gastricae Sulcus salivarius Glandulae gastricae - mucus - succus gastricus Foveolae gastricae Areae gastricae Gastrin

24 Fibrae obliquae Stratum circulare – m. sphincter pylori

25 Stratum longitudinale

26 Omentum - minus - majus

27 Triangle of Labbé transpyloric line

28 Incisura angularis Pars digestoria Pars egestoria

29 Gastroscopy

30

31 INTESTINUM TENUE - duodenum - jejunum - ileum Ansae intestinales Mesenterium

32 DUODENUM (duodecim l.) - pars superior (bulbus duodeni), flexura duodeni sup -pars descendens, flexura duodeni inf. -pars horizontalis -pars ascendens Flexura duodenojejunalis M. suspensorius duodeni (ligament of Treitz)

33 Plicae circulares Kerkringi Villi intestinales Glandulae intestinales – crypts of Lieberkuehn Glandulae duodenales Brunneri

34 Plica longitudinalis duodeni Papilla duodeni major Vateri - ductus choledochus - ductus pancreaticus Papilla duodeni minor- ductus pancreaticus accessorius

35 Enteroclysis

36

37 Jejunoileum

38 JEJUNUMILEUM upper left part of the inframesocolic space lower right part of the inframesocolic space wider (3-4 cm)narrower (2-3 cm) more plicae circulares fewer plicae circulares 1-2 arcades2-3 arcades folliculi lymph. solitarii folliculi lymph. aggregati

39 A. mesenterica sup.

40 Peyer patches

41 Ostium ileale Papilla ilealis -labrum superius -labrum inferius

42 Pars inframesocolica

43 INTESTINUM CRASSUM -intestinum caecum -appendix vermiformis -colon ascendens -flexura coli dextra (hepatica) -colon transversum -flexura coli sinistra (lienalis) -colon descendens -colon sigmoideum -rectum

44 Plicae semilunares Haustra coli Taenia mesocolica Taenia omentalis Taenia libera Appendices omentales/epiploicae

45 INTESTINUM CAECUM Recessus retrocaecalis Caecum liberum – mesocaecum

46 APPENDIX VERMIFORMIS Ostium appendicis vermiformis Positio pelvina - lig. appendiculoovaricum Positio retrocaecalis Positio ileocaecalis Positio retroilealis

47 Linea spinoumbilicalis dextra (Monro) - MacBurney’s point Linea bispinalis – Lanz’s point Tonsilla abdominalis

48 COLON ASCENDENS Flexura coli dextra (hepatica)

49 COLON TRANSVERSUM Mesocolon transversum Omentum majus Lig. gastrocolicum

50 Flexura coli sinistra (lienalis) COLON DESCENDENS COLON SIGMOIDEUM Mesosigmoideum

51 Irigography

52 RECTUM Crena ani – anus Ampulla recti - flexura sacralis - plicae transversae recti - plica t.r. media (Kohlrausch) Canalis analis - flexura perinealis - linea anorectalis - columnae anales - sinus anales - valvulae anales - pecten analis - linea anocutanea - zona haemorrhoidalis

53

54 Plexus venosus rectalis M. sphincter ani internus M. sphincter ani externus

55 Rectoscopy

56 Illustrations, photographs, and radiographs were copied from: Atlas der Anatomie des Menschen/Sobotta. Putz,R., und Pabst,R. 20. Auflage. München: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1993) Netter: Interactive Atlas of Human Anatomy. Windows Version 2.0


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