Präsentation zum Thema: "1 ST MEETING ON PRIORITY SUBSTANCES INVENTORY GUIDANCE Copenhagen, 16.09.2010 Frank Marscheider-Weidemann Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation."— Präsentation transkript:
1 ST MEETING ON PRIORITY SUBSTANCES INVENTORY GUIDANCE Copenhagen, 16.09.2010 Frank Marscheider-Weidemann Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe Substance Flow Analyses
The Fraunhofer Gesellschaft The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is the leading organization for applied research in Europe. 80 research institutions, 57 of them institutes at 40 locations throughout Germany Branches in Europe, USA, Asia and in the Near East 15,000 employees Budget € 1.4 billion (>2/3 from research contracts).
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft in Germany Itzehoe Berlin Golm Magdeburg Hannover Braunschweig Bremen Oberhausen Dortmund Duisburg Aachen Euskirchen Schmallenberg St. Augustin Ilmenau Jena Dresden Chemnitz Würzburg Erlangen Pfinztal Darmstadt Kaiserslautern St. Ingbert Saarbrücken Karlsruhe Stuttgart Freiburg Freising Rostock Teltow Cottbus Halle Schkopau Paderborn Nürnberg Efringen-Kirchen München Holzkirchen Leipzig Branches of Institutes, Research Institutions, Working Groups, Branch Labs and Application Centers Institutes 57 institutes at 40 locations
Facts and Figures of the Fraunhofer ISI Broadly based know-how Clients Budget 2008: approx. € 16 million 280 research and consultancy projects per year Number of staff: 170 (120 scientists)
Emission inventories for surface waters in Germany 1995: First methodological approaches to creating a German inventory, visiting federal states and examining how data are processed in regional databases. The use of electronic systems varies strongly between the single states (UDIS). 1995: Point source inventory including major industries and municipal waste water plants, using information from federal states, International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine etc.
Emission inventories for surface waters in Germany 2000: Inventory for N/P, heavy metals and AOX, subdivided into branches/sectors and main water bodies using the MONERIS/MORE model for information about diffuse sources. Compiling lists of the 10 major polluters for these substances, some are historical mines (from the Middle ages). FirmennameOrt Anhang nach § 7a FlussgebietFracht [kg/a]Bemerkung BASF AGLudwigshafen22Rhein8.000IKSR, 1998 Bayer AGLeverkusen22Rhein5.610IKSR, 1998 Entwässerung. Altstandort Kupferschieferbergbau Mansfeld39Elbe3.764Direkteinleiter Sachsen-Anhalt 1997 SolvayRheinberg30Rhein1.210Umwelterklärung Wacker –ChemieBurghausen22Donau1.200Umweltbericht 1997/98 Bayer AGBrunsbüttel22Elbe1.110Direkteinleiter Schleswig-Holstein 1997 Norddeutsche AffinerieHamburg39Elbe523Direkteinleiter Hamburg; 22Elbe506N.N. Fa. Intraserv GmbH und Co. Höchst KG Frankfurt22Rhein460Umweltbericht CibaGrenzach22Rhein435Umweltbericht Top 10 polluter of copper 2000
Source: Erft Verband Heavy metals from historical mines: Pollutant sources of the Erft industral domestic t/a Burgfeyer Stollen Zinc Nickel
Emission inventories and SFA for surface waters Increased importance of emissions from end-user products, e.g. lead emissions from fishing or diving. Use of substance flow analysis is needed to find the best emission reduction measure (SOCOPSE, COHIBA). Timeline of uses: substances are banned, but found in water. SFA are a good tool to get data particularly for products, but they are normally static (e. g. difficulties with PAH emissions: domestic heating in winter)
Conclusions Constructing emission balances are a prerequisite for an efficient combination of measures to reduce pollution in river basin management
SFA Cadmium EU 27 (kg/y) Consumption of food Waste Compost WWTP Air Water Land Sediment Human body Fertilizers for agriculture and gardening Contaminated soil Production of fertilizers Car washing Washing and cleaning, detergents Tap water Artist paint Contaminated sediments Production of NiCd batteries Recycling plants for NiCd batteries Land filling of municipal waste Iron and steel production Non-ferrous metal production Combustion of fossil fuels heat production 15.6 Low ? Long range transport 0.1 1.8 51 60 5 8200 2600 4400 540 Stormwater treatment Pollutant in Zink, corrosion of materials 11 2200 Source: COHIBA, City of Stockholm
Development of domestic incineration in Germany Development of particulate emissions from plants of the 1st BImSchV: increasing importance of emissions from wood fuels BMU, 2007 Wood Coal Oil Natural gas Total
Starting to use MORE for other priority substances: PAH PAH emissions to water in Germany 2005
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