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STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Luftsport.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Luftsport."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Luftsport und EASA Bericht die Entwicklungen bei der EASA, über Part M, Gebühren und mehr… von Werner micro Scholz, Sprecher der European Sailplane Manufacturers Tagung Technik des BWLV, Stuttgart

2 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. über den Vortrag und den Vortragenden: Auszug aus den Berichten für die Europäischen Segelflugzeughersteller Mer könnet alles nua koi Hochdeutsch – deshalb Folien in Neudeutsch Werner micro Scholz: –Segelflieger seit 1980 –Akaflieg Stuttgart –Icaré Solar-Motorsegler –Rolladen-Schneider –STZ-AFL – Sprecher der Hersteller –kein Prüfer……

3 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. über den Vortrag und den Vortragenden:

4 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. über den Vortrag und den Vortragenden:

5 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. EASA – the most important topics in 2007/08: new Fees & Charges regulation Part M – maintenance / continuing airworthiness Part 66 – maintenance staff MDM.032 – simple rules for small aviation new / closed topics since 2005: –Certification of sailplane equipment –crashworthiness of glider cockpits

6 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. EASA – regulations system:

7 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. new EASA Fees & Charges regulation EASA committee (all member states) voted positively for new F&C regulation on still the political will is: certification shall be paid by the industry EASA certification costs approx. 45 Mio. per year most fees are now flat fees (not charged on an hourly basis which has been set to 225) Anmerkung: nicht zu verwechseln mit kommender neuer LuftKostV !!

8 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. new EASA basic regulation 0216/2008: published in the European Journal on and will enter into force 20 days later EASA will be also responsible for operations (OPS) and licenses (FCL) basic rules for OPS and FCL (e.g. medicals will not be dropped completely, language proficiency, etc.) adoption of ICAO rules in Europe definition of commercial activities clarification of Annex II definitions

9 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness Part M is published and in use since 2003, nevertheless the member states opted to use national regulation for operations excluding commercial air transport until this date is still fixed – it is written in 2042/2003 and can therefore only be changed by the European Commission (not EASA) EASA stated always that Part M was written to let existing maintenance continue nevertheless EASA has already accepted that the regulation is too onerous for small aviation

10 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) the renewal (now: Airworthines Review Certificate – ARC) will not be issued directly after the physical inspection but by the competent authority or by an organisation which is responsible for continuing airworthiness (CAMO / controlled environment) –many administrative steps (= delays expected!) –difficult for more than gliders in Europe –new organisations / new procedures needed –ill fitting to inspections by free-time personnel most problematic aspects for small aviation:

11 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) the aircraft maintenance documentation (now: maintenance program) has to be approved by the competent authority / CAMO –mostly the maint. programs are consisting of manufacturers information plus individual inspection reports – nevertheless approval is needed! –some member states already ask for separate maint. programs (30 pages and thicker!) –inspectors will spend more time with paper instead of checking the glider –issuance of ARC based on paperwork not necessarily on physical inspection most problematic aspects for small aviation:

12 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) the role of existing inspectors / inspection organisations is still unclear –repair shops and gliding federations are unsure if they should apply for Subpart F (maintenance) and/or Subpart G (CAMO) –the Part 66 about maintenance & inspection (now: certifying staff) does not apply for gliders – national rules apply there –member states have nevertheless already changed national training / licensing systems –everyone is waiting for the big bang in September ´08 most problematic aspects for small aviation:

13 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) multitude of organisation approvals –full service can be offered only if Subpart F & G plus eventually Part 145 approval is existing –manufacturers also have to apply if they want to conduct maintenance on their own products –contrary opinions in supervising NAA about possible combination within organisation manuals –EASA fees & charges do normally not apply for European maintenance organisations but set a very high example of possible fees most problematic aspects for small aviation:

14 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) complexity of Part M and related regulations –text is full of abbreviations / cross-references making it difficult to read –official translations are sometimes inconsistent –important AMC material only available in English –due to ongoing rulemaking activities (see next slide) nobody knows what will be the basis after most problematic aspects for small aviation:

15 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) resulting Rulemaking activities: –M.005 Pilot-owner maintenance; looks into Annex VIII of Part M –M.017 review NPA 7/2005; looks into possible relaxations of Part M for small aviation – possible results range from total new Part M Light to amended AMC –MDM.032 simpler rules for small aviation; not only focused on maintenance but will have possibly strong impact there what are the results right now?

16 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) Notice of proposed amendment NPA –published –end of comment phase on with 661 comments from 149 National Aviation Authorities, organisations and persons –CRD lists ALL comments plus regarding EASA answers –CRD only available in English language –contains furthermore general comments and explanations, time schedule AND: proposed new regulation … including complete Part M new –comment period until after that EASA will issue an opinion –EC commission will issue regulations change based on this opinion Comment Response Document (CRD) Part M:

17 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) transition provisions –grandfathering of continuing airworthiness management organisations (= CAMO) for 1 year –grandfathering of maintenance organisations approvals (= Subpart F) for 1 year –issuance of ARC possible by competent authority and by existing organisations for 1 year –existing national certifying staff will be able to continue –all excluding commercial air transport Comment Response Document (CRD) Part M:

18 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) issuance of ARC –below 2730 kg MTOM a CAMO with regarding approval might issue the ARC directly –alternatively the competent authority can issue the ARC upon recommendation by a CAMO not having this approval or upon request by the owner or in case of a safety threat Comment Response Document (CRD) Part M:

19 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) approval of maintenance program –by the competent authority –by a CAMO via a so called indirect approval procedure approved by the competent authority Comment Response Document (CRD) Part M:

20 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) Pilot-owner maintenance –the lists of possible pilot-owner maintenance tasks in Annex VIII has been adapted to different types of aircraft (in the moment only fitting to small motor aeroplanes) –these new lists are now part of the Accepted Means of Compliance (AMC) material of Part M Comment Response Document (CRD) Part M:

21 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part M – maintenance / cont. airworthiness (cont.) Introduction of ELA system –relaxation of certain rules for aircraft below 2000 kg not used in commercial air transport ELA 2 –even more relaxed regulation for aircraft below 1000 kg not used in commercial air transport ELA 1 –ELA 1 / 2 will not be an new aircraft class (like e.g. the LSA class in the USA) but describe the less stringent regulations for small aircraft in Europe (Rulemaking activity MDM.032) Comment Response Document (CRD) Part M:

22 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Part 66 – maintenance / certifying staff new (maintenance) licenses for light aviation –today national rules are valid for sailplanes and balloons –new license which is defined according to existing Part 66 licenses: B3 coming from the sophisticated side, complex –new license especially designed for light aviation: ELA basic & ELA full coming from existing air sport definitions, simpler –NPA published, open for comments until –thereafter internal consultation, CRD, opinion,… NPA Part 66:

23 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. MDM.032 – simple rules for small aviation EASA agreed that regulations are too stringent for small and recreational aviation and therefore started MDM.032 task in 2005 rather big working group with strong representation of sporting organisations long ongoing debate about possible change of Annex II (= not EASA but under national law) even longer debate about the definition of non-commercial activities for which the simple rules will be limited

24 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. MDM.032 – simple rules for small aviation (cont.) MDM.032 has to look into all aspects: initial / continuing airworthiness, licensing, operations A-NPA 14/2006 resulted in over 4000 answers EASA encouraged creative brainstorming but then limited possible alternative paths possible delegation of tasks to non-authority organisations low control level (in maintenance, in licensing, for medicals) based on the small risk level for third parties is not accepted by EASA / EC regarding NPA is expected soon

25 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. New topics since 2005: Sailplane equipment –changes in AMC material of Part 21 and Part M have been introduced and are published –typical equipment counts as standard part and therefore no Form One is needed –nevertheless still a minor change… –…and therefore the installation still has to be approved –some NAA doubt the legal basis (only AMC) –EASA has acted upon the initiative of the sailplane manufacturers – one positive example

26 STEINBEIS TRANSFERZENTRUM AERODYNAMIK FLUGZEUG- UND LEICHTBAU EASA – was tut sich für den Luftsport? Verband deutscher Segelflugzeug- hersteller e.V. Quintessenz zum Schluß: Es bleibt spannend EASA beginnt immerhin zu erkennen, dass es auch ein (Flieger-)Leben vor EASA gab!!! Vielen Dank !!!


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