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Elements of Music. 3 Properties Of A Musical Sound Pitch Dynamics Tone Color Timbre.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Elements of Music. 3 Properties Of A Musical Sound Pitch Dynamics Tone Color Timbre."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Elements of Music

2 3 Properties Of A Musical Sound Pitch Dynamics Tone Color Timbre

3 Pitch = (musical term) Relative highness or lowness of a sound (scientific term) Speed or rate of vibrations in a sound producing body Frequency

4 Interval the distance in pitch between two tones Octave the interval between two tones in which the higher tone has twice the frequency of the lower tone

5 Scale A series of pitches arranged in order from low to high or high to low Tonic/Keynote the central tone of a melody or a larger piece of music (#1 or do in scale) when the piece is in the key of C major, for example, C is the keynote.

6 Tonic

7 Major Scale the series of seven different tones within an octave, with an eighth tone repeating the first tone an octave higher, consisting of a specific pattern of intervals. The intervals in this scale sound brighter Major Key music based on the major scale

8 Minor Scale the series of seven different tones within an octave, with an eighth tone repeating the first tone an octave higher, consisting of a specific pattern of intervals. The intervals in this scale sound darker and more serious-sounding Minor Key music based on the minor scale

9 JOSEPH HAYDN Symphony No. 94 in G Major (the Surprise), Movement 2.

10 Are you sleep-ing? Bro-ther John? Morn-ing bells are ring-ing. Morn-ing bells are ring-ing. Ding, dong, ding. Ding, dong ding.

11 GUSTAV MAHLER Symphony No. 1 in D Major, Movement 3 (Funeral March).

12 FRANZ SCHUBERT Der Müller und der Bach (The Miller and the Stream) from Die schöne müllerin (The Maid of the Hill).

13 The Miller: When a true heart Dies of love, Then lilies wither In every border Into the clouds must The full moon go So that its tears Men do not see. Then angels keep Their eyes shut, And sob and sing The soul to rest! Der Muller: Wo ein treues Herze In Liebe vergeht, Da welken die Lilien Auf jedem Beet. Da muss in die Wolken Der Vollmond gehn, Damit seine Tränen Die Menschen nicht sehn. Da halten die Englein Die Augen sich zu, Und schuchzen und singen Die Seele zur Ruh! EnglishGerman

14 The Brook: And when love Conquers pain A new star Twinkles in the sky. Then three roses spring Half red and half white, And never wither on their sprig of thorn. And the angels cut Off their wings And go every morning Down to earth. Der Bach: Und wenn sich die Liebe Dem Schmerz entringt, Ein Sternlein, Ein newes Am Himmel erblinkt. Da springen drei Rosen, Halb rot und halb weiss, Die welken nicht wieder, Aus Dornenreis. Und die Engelein Schneiden Die Flügel sich ab, Und gehn alle Morgen Sur Erde herab. EnglishGerman

15 The Miller: Ah stream, dear stream, You mean it so well; But do you know, stream, what love means? Ah down below, below Is cool rest! Ah stream, dear stream, Sing on then. Der Muller: Ach Bächlein, liebes Bächlein, Du meinst es so gut; Ach Bächlein, aber weisst du, Wie Liebe tut? Ach, unten, da unten, Die Kühle Ruh! Ach Bächlein, liebes Bächlein, So singe nur zu. EnglishGerman

16 Dynamics = Volume Degrees of loudness or softness in music

17 Italian musical terms used for DYNAMICS Pianissimo = very soft (pp) Piano = soft (p) Mezzo-piano = medium soft (mp) Mezzo-forte = medium loud (mf) Forte = loud (f) Fortissimo = (ff)

18 Accent Emphasis of a note, which may result from its being louder, longer, or higher in pitch than the notes near it. Example: –IGOR STRAVINSKY Dances of the Youths and Maidens from The Rite of Spring

19 Crescendo Gradually louder. (Often abbreviated cresc.) Descrescendo / Diminuendo Gradually softer. (Often abbreviated descrec. Or dim.)

20 GEORGES BIZET Faradole from LArlesienne Suite No. 2. ff - MINOR pp - MAJOR Long crescendo to fff - MAJOR ff - MINOR alternates with pp MAJOR at the end


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