2 3 Properties Of A Musical Sound PitchDynamicsTone Color Timbre
3 Pitch = Frequency (musical term) Relative highness or lowness of a sound(scientific term)Speed or rate of vibrations in a sound producing body
4 Interval Octave the “distance” in pitch between two tones the interval between two tones in whichthe higher tone has twice the frequencyof the lower tone
5 ScaleA series of pitches arranged in order from low to high or high to lowTonic/Keynotethe central tone of a melody or a larger piece of music (#1 or “do” in scale)when the piece is in the key of C major, for example, C is the keynote.
7 Major Scalethe series of seven different tones within an octave, with an eighth tone repeating the first tone an octave higher, consisting of a specific pattern of intervals. The intervals in this scale sound “brighter”Major Keymusic based on the major scale
8 Minor Scalethe series of seven different tones within an octave, with an eighth tone repeating the first tone an octave higher, consisting of a specific pattern of intervals. The intervals in this scale sound “darker” and “more serious-sounding”Minor Keymusic based on the minor scale
9 JOSEPH HAYDNSymphony No. 94 in G Major (the “Surprise”), Movement 2.
10 Are you sleep-ing? Are you sleep-ing?Bro-ther John? Bro-ther John?Morn-ing bells are ring-ing. Morn-ing bells are ring-ing.Ding, dong, ding. Ding, dong ding.
11 GUSTAV MAHLERSymphony No. 1 in D Major, Movement 3 (Funeral March).
12 FRANZ SCHUBERT“Der Müller und der Bach” (The Miller and the Stream) from Die schöne müllerin (The Maid of the Hill).
13 English GermanThe Miller:When a true heartDies of love,Then lilies witherIn every borderInto the clouds mustThe full moon goSo that its tearsMen do not see.Then angels keepTheir eyes shut,And sob and singThe soul to rest!Der Muller:Wo ein treues HerzeIn Liebe vergeht,Da welken die LilienAuf jedem Beet.Da muss in die WolkenDer Vollmond gehn,Damit seine TränenDie Menschen nicht sehn.Da halten die EngleinDie Augen sich zu,Und schuchzen und singenDie Seele zur Ruh!
14 Then three roses spring Half red and half white, The Brook:And when loveConquers painA new starTwinkles in the sky.Then three roses springHalf red and half white,And never wither on their sprig of thorn.And the angels cutOff their wingsAnd go every morningDown to earth.English GermanDer Bach:Und wenn sich die LiebeDem Schmerz entringt,Ein Sternlein, Ein newesAm Himmel erblinkt.Da springen drei Rosen,Halb rot und halb weiss,Die welken nicht wieder,Aus Dornenreis.Und die Engelein SchneidenDie Flügel sich ab,Und gehn alle MorgenSur Erde herab.
15 Ach Bächlein, liebes Bächlein, So singe nur zu. English GermanThe Miller:Ah stream,dear stream,You mean it so well;But do you know, stream,what love means?Ah down below, belowIs cool rest!Ah stream, dear stream,Sing on then.Der Muller:Ach Bächlein,liebes Bächlein,Du meinst es so gut;aber weisst du,Wie Liebe tut?Ach, unten, da unten,Die Kühle Ruh!Ach Bächlein, liebes Bächlein,So singe nur zu.
16 Dynamics = VolumeDegrees of loudness or softness in music
17 Italian musical terms used for DYNAMICS Pianissimo = very soft (pp)Piano = soft (p)Mezzo-piano = medium soft (mp)Mezzo-forte = medium loud (mf)Forte = loud (f)Fortissimo = (ff)
18 AccentEmphasis of a note, which may result from its being louder, longer, or higher in pitch than the notes near it.Example:IGOR STRAVINSKY “Dances of the Youths and Maidens” from The Rite of Spring
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