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Credit Management SAP Best Practices Baseline Package SAP Best Practices.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Credit Management SAP Best Practices Baseline Package SAP Best Practices."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Credit Management SAP Best Practices Baseline Package SAP Best Practices

2 Scenario Overview – 1 Purpose A credit limit check can be carried out when sales documents are created or changed. Benefits Reduce risk of bad debt Focus on reliable and profitable customers Faster credit-worthiness check Accelerate the process of checking a customer credit limit Identify the overall credit risk of your company Key process flows covered Enter Sales Order Check Credit Limit Block Sales Order Release Sales Order Delivery Sales Order Purpose and Benefits:

3 Scenario Overview – 2 Required SAP enhancement package 3 for SAP ERP 6.0 Company roles involved in process flows Sales Administration Accounts Receivable Manager SAP Applications Required:

4 Scenario Overview – 3 Sales Credit Management The credit limit check is carried out within one credit control area. When changing a document, the check is repeated, if changes regarding quantity or value are made. A credit control area consists of one or more company codes. A sales document belongs to one credit control area depending on the allocation of the sales organization to a company code. The SAP System checks the credit limit which was granted to the customer in this credit control area. The credit control areas and the credit limit of a customer are defined in financial accounting and entered in the customer master record. During the check, the SAP System totals the receivables, the open items and the net value of the sales order for every item of a sales document. The open items take into account obligations bound by contract which are not recorded for accounting purposes but which involve expenses through diverse business transactions. The total is compared with the credit limit. If the limit is exceeded, the system responds in the way defined by you in the configuration menu. We are using 'simple' credit limit check in this solution. During the simple credit limit check, you can only configure one system reaction ('A' warning, 'B' error, 'C' delivery block) when the credit limit is exceeded, we have chosen to use option 'C' (delivery block). The system provides a transaction to list all of the sales documents that have been blocked for delivery, with information about what has caused the block. The Customer's current credit situation is manually reviewed by credit department, and when the sales order is approved, the delivery block is removed from the sales order. You go directly from the list to an individual sales document by placing the cursor on the relevant document and choosing Edit sales doc. Detailed Process Description:

5 Process Flow Diagram Credit Management Accounts Receivable Manager Event Review Blocked Sales Orders Sales Order Failed Credit Check Resolve Credit Credit Approved Feedback from Customer Sales Order Processin g: Sale from Stock (109) Sales of Nonstock Item with Order specific Procurement (115) Make-to- Order Production w/o Variant Configuration (148) Sales Order Processin g: Sale from Stock a(109) Sales of Nonstock tem with Order specific Procurement (115) Credit Check for a Specific Customer Desired Set Credit Limit Sales: Period End Closing Operations (203) Make-to- Order Production w/o Variant Configuration (148) Sales Administration

6 Legend SymbolDescriptionUsage Comments Band: Identifies a user role, such as Accounts Payable Clerk or Sales Representative. This band can also identify an organization unit or group, rather than a specific role. The other process flow symbols in this table go into these rows. You have as many rows as required to cover all of the roles in the scenario. Role band contains tasks common to that role. External Events: Contains events that start or end the scenario, or influence the course of events in the scenario. Flow line (solid): Line indicates the normal sequence of steps and direction of flow in the scenario. Flow line (dashed): Line indicates flow to infrequently- used or conditional tasks in a scenario. Line can also lead to documents involved in the process flow. Connects two tasks in a scenario process or a non-step event Business Activity / Event: Identifies an action that either leads into or out of the scenario, or an outside Process that happens during the scenario Does not correspond to a task step in the document Unit Process: Identifies a task that is covered in a step-by-step manner in the scenario Corresponds to a task step in the document Process Reference: If the scenario references another scenario in total, put the scenario number and name here. Corresponds to a task step in the document Sub-Process Reference: If the scenario references another scenario in part, put the scenario number, name, and the step numbers from that scenario here Corresponds to a task step in the document Process Decision: Identifies a decision / branching point, signifying a choice to be made by the end user. Lines represent different choices emerging from different parts of the diamond. Does not usually correspond to a task step in the document; Reflects a choice to be made after step execution SymbolDescriptionUsage Comments To next / From last Diagram: Leads to the next / previous page of the Diagram Flow chart continues on the next / previous page Hardcopy / Document: Identifies a printed document, report, or form Does not correspond to a task step in a document; instead, it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step; this shape does not have any outgoing flow lines Financial Actuals: Indicates a financial posting document Does not correspond to a task step in a document; instead, it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step; this shape does not have any outgoing flow lines Budget Planning: Indicates a budget planning document Does not correspond to a task step in a document; instead, it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step; this shape does not have any outgoing flow lines Manual Process: Covers a task that is manually done Does not generally correspond to a task step in a document; instead, it is used to reflect a task that is manually performed, such as unloading a truck in the warehouse, which affects the process flow. Existing Version / Data: This block covers data that feeds in from an external process Does not generally correspond to a task step in a document; instead, this shape reflects data coming from an external source; this step does not have any incoming flow lines System Pass / Fail Decision: This block covers an automatic decision made by the software Does not generally correspond to a task step in the document; instead it is used to reflect an automatic decision by the system that is made after a step has been executed. External to SAP Business Activity / Event Unit Process Process Reference Sub- Process Reference Proces s Decisio n Diagram Connection Hardcopy / Document Financial Actuals Budget Planning Manual Proces s Existing Version / Data System Pass/F ail Decisio n

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