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When the subjunctive mood is used in the present perfect with a modal verb, an interesting change occurs. Instead of using the past participle of the first.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "When the subjunctive mood is used in the present perfect with a modal verb, an interesting change occurs. Instead of using the past participle of the first."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 When the subjunctive mood is used in the present perfect with a modal verb, an interesting change occurs. Instead of using the past participle of the first verb along with the subjunctive of the helping verb as in Example number 1, a double infinitive occurs with the modal verb coming last as in Example 2. Ich hätte das gesagt. = I would have said that. Ich hätte das sagen können. = I would have been able to say that. Subjunctive form of helping verb Past Participle of secondary verb Infinitive form of secondary verb Infinitive form of modal verb

2 When used like this with modal verbs, the helping verb will always be hätte, even if the verb is a verb that would otherwise use wäre as the helping verb. Ich wäre gegangen. = I would have gone. Ich hätte gehen können. = I would have been able to go.

3 Let’s review the meanings of the modal verbs in their infinitive forms. müssensollenwollendürfenmögenkönnen have to supposed to allowed to want to like to be able to

4 Ich hätte das machen können. Ich hätte das machen wollen. Ich hätte das machen mögen. Ich hätte das machen dürfen. Ich hätte das machen sollen. Ich hätte das machen müssen. I would have been able to do that. I would have wanted to do that. I would have liked to do that. I would have been allowed to do that. I should have done that. I would have had to do that.

5 1) Ich hätte kommen können, wenn du mich gefragt hättest. 2) Er hätte gehen wollen, wenn wir ihn eingeladen hätten. (eingeladen – invited) 3) Sie hätte spielen dürfen, wenn sie Ihre Arbeit getan hätte. 4) Ich hätte einen Computer kaufen mögen, wenn ich das Geld gehabt hätte. 5) Du hättest das nicht machen sollen. 6) Ich hätte das sagen dürfen. 7) Wohin hättest du fahren wollen? I would have been able to come, if you would have asked me. He would have wanted to go, if we would have invited him. She would have been allowed to play, if she would have done her work. I would have liked to buy a computer, if I would have had the money. You should not have done that. I would have been allowed to say that. Where would you have wanted to drive to?

6 What would you have been able to do? (machen – to do) I would have been allowed to see the film, if I would have done my homework. (die Hausaufgabe – homework / der Film / sehen / machen) He would have wanted to see that. We should have invited her. (einladen – to invite) Would you have been able to say no, if he would have asked you? (sagen /fragen) What would you have been allowed to say? Was hättest du machen können? Ich hätte den Film sehen dürfen, wenn ich meine Hausaufgabe gemacht hätte. Er hätte das sehen wollen. Wir hätten sie einladen sollen. Hättest du,,nein” sagen können, wenn er dich gefragt hätte? Was hättest du sagen dürfen?


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