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GERMAN 1023A Kapitel Sechs 4 separable / inseparable prefixes.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "GERMAN 1023A Kapitel Sechs 4 separable / inseparable prefixes."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 GERMAN 1023A Kapitel Sechs 4 separable / inseparable prefixes

2 Weihnachtsgeschenke Was hast du [zu]Weihnachten für –deine Mutter –deinen Vater –dein Schwester –deinen großen Bruder –deinen kleinen Bruder gekauft?

3 Weihnachtsgeschenke Ich habe Weihnachten für –meine Mutter –meinen Vater –meine Schwester –meinen großen Bruder –meinen kleinen Bruder einen / ein / eine /... gekauft.

4 Was hast du [zu] Weihnachten gemacht ? Ask s.o. if s/he stayed in Wolfville during Christmas Ask s.o. whether s/he went home for Christmas Ask s.o. if s/he ate a lot of chocolate Ask s.o. whether s/he received many presents Ask s.o. if s/he studied German during the break (during the Break = in den Semesterferien) Answer: yes / no + complete sentence

5 Was hast du [zu] Weihnachten gemacht ? Ask s.o. if s/he stayed in Wolfville during Christmas Bist du [zu] Weihnachten in Wolfville geblieben? Ja, ich bin … / Nein, ich bin nicht … Ask s.o. whether s/he went home for Christmas Bist du [zu] Weihnachten nach Hause gefahren/gegangen? Ja / Nein … Ask s.o. if s/he ate a lot of chocolate Hast du viel Schokolade gegessen? Ja, ich habe … / Nein, ich habe nicht …

6 Was hast du [zu] Weihnachten gemacht ? Ask s.o. whether s/he received many presents Hast du viele Geschenke bekommen? Ja / Nein … Ask s.o. if s/he studied German during the break Hast du in den Semesterferien Deutsch gelernt? Ja / Nein

7 A person who has not studied German can form no idea of what a perplexing language it is:[...] Mark Twain

8 The Germans have a kind of parenthesis, which they make by splitting a verb in two and putting half of it at the beginning of an exciting chapter and the other half at the end of it. Can any one conceive of anything more confusing than that? These things are called ‘separable verbs’. The German grammar is blistered all over with separable verbs; and the wider the two portions of one of them are spread apart, the better the author of the crime is pleased with his performance. A favourite one is reiste ab, which means departed. Here is an example which I culled from a novel and reduced to English:

9 “The trunks now being now ready, he de - after kissing his mother and sisters, and once more pressing to his bosom his adored Gretchen, who, dressed in simple white muslin, with a single tuberose in the ample folds of her rich brown hair, had tottered feebly down the stairs, still pale from the terror and excitement of the past evening, but longing to lay her poor aching head yet once again upon the breast of him whom she loved more dearly than life itself, parted.”

10 I went often to look at the collection of curiosities in Heidelberg Castle, and one day I surprised the keeper of it with my German. I spoke entirely in that language. He was greatly interested; and after I had talked a while he said my German was very rare, possibly a "unique"; and wanted to add it to his museum. More of Mark Twains thoughts about German ==>==>

11 SEPARABLE PREFIXES to depart = abfahren = to drive off = (ab+fahren) Meine Eltern fahren morgen früh nach Florida ab.

12 SEPARABLE PREFIXES to depart = abfahren = to drive off = (ab+fahren) Meine Eltern fahren morgen früh, nachdem sie alle Koffer gepackt und allen Nachbarn “Auf Wiedersehen” gesagt haben in ihrem neuen, gerade gekauften VW Toureg mit dem fantastischen GPS System nach Florida ab.

13 SEPARABLE PREFIXES to depart = abfahren = to drive off = (ab+fahren) Meine Eltern fahren morgen früh nach Florida ab. to bring along = mitbringen ( mit+ bringen) Er bringt seine Freundin zur Party mit.

14 CONJUGATION Personal Pronouns: ich du er, sie, es wir ihr sie Infinitive: anrufen (to call / “phone up”) rufe … an rufst … an ruft … an rufen … an ruft … an rufen … an Past Participle : an ge rufen

15 SEPARABLE PREFIXES ab an auf aus ein her hin mit um weg weiter zu zurück off, away on, at up, open out of (prefix) “in” toward away with, along indicating change away further, continue to, closed back

16 SEPARABLE PREFIXES ab off, away an on, at auf up, open aus out of ein (prefix) “in” her toward hin away mit with, along um indicating change weg away weiter further, continue zu to, closed zurück back kommen gehen laufen machen fahren nehmen bringen

17 SEPARABLE PREFIXES ab an auf zu aus ein her hin mit um weg weiter zurück [Abkommen] ankommen aufkommen auskommen [Einkommen] her / hinkommen mitkommen umkommen wegkommen weiterkommen zurückkommen

18 PREFIXES INSEPARABLE PREFIXES forget = vergessen receive = bekommen understand = verstehen mißverstehen SEPARABLE PREFIXES abfahren = drive off mitbringen = bring along anrufen = call (up)

19 Homework Die Zugauskunft (page 8 in course material) Telefongespräch (page 9 in course material) Plus exercises on page 9 through 12 in course material the remaining on-line [Homework 6] exercises TEST Kapitel 6 = Monday January 22


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