2Akkusativpräpositionen Akkusativpräpositionen always take the accusative case after the preposition:Durch=throughEntlang=along (comes at the end of the sentence)Für=forGegen=againstOhne=withoutUm=aroundBis=until
3Übungen I run through the door We do homework for german class They drive around the lakeY’all play against Natick.He comes to school without a backpackI have class until 2:30.I walk through the hallway.
4Dativpräpositionen Dativpräpositionen always take the dative case after the preposition: Aus-out ofZu-toAußer-except forGegenüber-across fromBei-at/near/byVorbei (comes at the end of the sentence)-past (as in walking past)Mit-withNach-after/toSeit-sinceVon-from
5Übungen We come out of the school They are at the grandmother’s house The bank is across from the post officeI’ve been in Italy for a week.You travel from Maine to California.She goes to school every morning.We are all here except for the dog.Do you want to play tennis with me?I walk by your house every day.
6Reflexiv Verben Was sind Reflexive Verben? Beispiele: Die Reflexive Verben haben ein Reflexivpronomen.Das Subjekt und das Pronomen stimmen überein.Beispiele:sich fühlen:sich fit halten durch:sich freuen auf:sich ernähren:
8Übungen He feels good today. We nourish ourselves well. They stay fit by walking.What are you excited about?She is excited about the German Exchange.We feel awful today.My brother doesn’t nourish himself correctly.My parents are excited about our vacation.
9Jede/Alle Jeden Tag/Nachmittag/Abend/Vormittag.... Jeden Monat/Morgen....Jedes Jahr....Jedes Wochenende...Jede Woche....Jede Nacht...Alle drei Tage...Alle drei Wochen...
10Übungen Every three days I go for a run. Every week I thank my teacher.Every month I eat a burger from Five Guys.Every day I make my bed and clean my room.Every two years I go to Germany and visit my uncle.I stay fit by running every two days.In the summer we nourish ourselves well.Once a week, I am excited about school.What are you excited about everyday?
11Dativ Verben Dativ Verben machen das Objekt des Satzes Dativ. Beispiele:We answer the teacher.Wir antworten dem Lehrer.He helps his mom.Er hilft seiner Mutter.The children liked the movie.Der Film hat den Kindern gefallen.
12Dativ Verben antworten- to answer danken- to thank folgen- to follow, obeygefallen- to like, be pleasing togehören- to belong toglauben- to believegratulieren- to congratulatehelfen- to helpschmecken- to taste, taste good
13Übung We believe the man. We follow my mom to the city. He thanks his father.Can you help my father?This fish tastes fabulous!!!!!They congratulate us.The cat belongs to her.She should forgive you.I help my grandmother.We help the children.I like your skirt.We follow the rules.They answer the woman.We congratulate you!I forgive you.
14Dass Sätze/Dürfen/Kein DASS: is a verb kicker and kicks the verb (still in the correct verb form!!) all the way to the end of the sentence.DÜRFEN: means “may” or “to be allowed to”—ich darf, du darfst, er/sie darf, wir dürfen, ihr dürft, Sie/sie dürfenKEIN: means “not a” or “none” and must reflect the gender and number of the noun: kein, keinE, keinEN etc.
15Übungen I think it’s great that you work out. She thinks it’s awful that you are not excited about the weekend.Are we allowed to go to Boston tomorrow?Are y’all allowed to go to Germany this summer?I am not allowed to eat any chocolateWe are not allowed to drink any alcohol.