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1 Biomimetic – learning by nature Bio- s and Mimetic -s (ancient greek) life and imitation biological systems transfered to technical systems

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Präsentation zum Thema: "1 Biomimetic – learning by nature Bio- s and Mimetic -s (ancient greek) life and imitation biological systems transfered to technical systems"—  Präsentation transkript:

1 1 Biomimetic – learning by nature Bio- s and Mimetic -s (ancient greek) life and imitation biological systems transfered to technical systems wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

2 Saltshaker and poppy seed (Papaver Rhoeas) according to Raoul H. France „Die Pflanze als Erfinder“, 1920 Aus: SiemensForum München/Berlin, „Bionik, Zukunfts- Technik lernt von der Natur“, Begleitbuch zur Ausstellung im Landesmuseum Mannheim wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

3 Minaret und Equisetum The tallest Minaret in India Schachtelhalm (Equisetum) Minarett in Shibam (N-Jemen) wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

4 Line of action of biomimetic Top-Down Process = analogy-biomimetic definition of the problems Search for analogy in nature analysis of the examples in nature Search for solutions to the problems concerning the knowledge of nature e.g.: Selfhealing Bottum-Up Process = abstraction-biomimetic biological basic research identification and description of a fundamental principle Abstraction of this principle (Loslösung of the biological example) Search for possible technical applications Development of technical applications e.g.: Fin Ray Effect® wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

5 5 Today`s topics Fin Ray Effect® Self-healing Lotus-effect ® Petal-effect Folding wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

6 Fin Ray Effect® T. Lautenschläger: Bionik – Spannende Entdeckungen aus der Natur © Duden Paetec GmbH, Berlin. The Fin Ray Effect® - the secret of the fin http://www.felixklingmueller.de/pdf/formfolgt.pdfhttp://www.felixklingmueller.de/pdf/formfolgt.pdf, operating mode wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

7 Flossenstrahlen (Finaxis) Abbildung aus: M. Eckhardt, M. Germ, J. Grosschedl; Der Flossenstrahleffekt- Natur als Lösungsquelle für technische Innovationen in Unterricht Biologie Nr. 332, Bionik, S: 12-16, März 2008 wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

8 Application to tongs and chair http://www.vdwf.de/VDWF-Magazin/vdwf_id_02_2005.pdf http://www.polsoz.fu- berlin.de/kommwiss/institut/wissenskommunikation/media/dim23.pdf wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

9 Construction of tongs Adhesive tape wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

10 Self-healing by microencapsulation Havea brasiliensis Abb. aus: Nellesen A.; aus einem Vortrag bei dem 5. Bionikkongress an der HS Bremen 22. -23.10. 2010 wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

11 Microencapsulation Abb. aus: http://www.howstuffworks.com/self-healing- spacecraft1.htmhttp://www.howstuffworks.com/self-healing- spacecraft1.htm Abb. aus: http://cerncourier.com/cws/article/cern/28442http://cerncourier.com/cws/article/cern/28442 wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

12 Self-healing by a system of canals e.g. black salsify (Scorzonera) Abb. aus: Nellesen A.; aus einem Vortrag beim 5. Bionikkongress an der HS Bremen 22. -23.10. 2010 wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

13 Selfhealing by a network http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/191 66/ http://home.tudelft.nl/onderzoek/kenniscentra/delft-research- centres/delft-centre-for-materials/self-healing- materialen/onderzoeksprojecten/blood-vessels-in-polymers-for- self-healing/ wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

14 Hi-Tech versus jelly bear wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

15 Static load test of a selfhealed jelly bear wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

16 Lotus-effect ® Quelle: www.lotuseffekt.de/ wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

17 Lotusleaf surface with burling Lotusblatt eEektronenmikroskop, Bilder FH Dornbirn, Dr. Heinz Duelli wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

18 Self coated textiles wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

19 House paint wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

20 Tropaeolum-effect Nasturtium (Kapuzinerkresse, Tropaeolum) with hydrophobic and hydrophil pollutant wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

21 Water drop and Cocoa powder On Tropaeolum On Lycopodium (above) bzw. Aeroxide (down) wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

22 Preparing an artificial lotus-surface Candle Microscope slide Carbon black Microscope slide wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

23 Biofouling – barnacle (Balanidae) on a skin of a whale hulk Aus: http://www.welt.de/wissenschaft/article4896506/Wie- Seepocken-ihren-Superklebstoff-produzieren.html „The setting of marine organismen courses different disadvantages: ¤ minimisation of speed/ der Wasserwiderstand increases up to 15 % ¤ consumption of energy increases ¤ limitation of manoeuvrability / more dangerous ¤ cost for cleaning increases up to 40%“ Aus: http://www.innovations- report.de/html/berichte/materialwissenschaften/bericht-12511.html? wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

24 Shark skin Bilder FH Dornbirn, Dr. Heinz Duelli wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

25 Antifouling-coating Principle sharkskin wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

26 Hydrophoby of Salvinia (Wasserfarn) Abbildungen aus: http://www.nees.uni-bonn.de/grenz/luft.html wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

27 Hydrophoby of Ancylometes bogotensis (Wasserspinne) Abbildungen aus: http://www.nees.uni-bonn.de/grenz/luft.html wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

28 Retention of air on a boatsurface Abbildungen aus: http://www.lotus-effect.de/funktion/luft.php wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

29 Petal-effect of roses/ 1 wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

30 Petal-effect of roses/ 2 Abb. aus: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/la703821h wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

31 Ruellia Devosiana wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

32 Superhydrophile leaves in the centre and hydrophobe leaves on the periphere http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/ 367/1893/1487.full#ref-61 wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

33 Antifog coating wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

34 Folding in nature/ 1 Folding of Petals Beetle wingsPalmleaf wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

35 Folding in nature and technology http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stenthttp://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stent, 20.11.2011 wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

36 Furniture by folding, trade name „Plicio“ Abbildungen aus : http://www.plicio.com/Varius/Varius-gruen-weiss::2.htmlhttp://www.plicio.com/Varius/Varius-gruen-weiss::2.html wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

37 Instruction for folding a chair wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

38 Instructions for folding a solar sail wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

39 Comb in nature e.g. eye of insects e.g. honeycomb e.g. cranium of an elephant wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

40 Comb in architecture HARPA – Concert hall, Reykjavik, details wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

41 Sagrada Familia wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

42 Sagrada Familia construction wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

43 Antonio Gaudi and Biomimetic wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com

44 Palm tree - balcony wolfgangschatz@hotmail.com


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