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The man who invented bioethics. January 18, 1895 – October 1, 1953 parents: Gustav Maximilian Jahr (1865-1930), insurance official, married in 1892 to.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "The man who invented bioethics. January 18, 1895 – October 1, 1953 parents: Gustav Maximilian Jahr (1865-1930), insurance official, married in 1892 to."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 The man who invented bioethics

2 January 18, 1895 – October 1, 1953 parents: Gustav Maximilian Jahr (1865-1930), insurance official, married in 1892 to Augusta Maria Langrast (?) (1862 – 1921) Paul Max Fritz Jahr

3 Halle an der Saale, the Sachsen- Anhalt region population 234,000 within cca 150 km: Magdeburg, Leipzig, Wittenberg, Gotha, Erfurt, Weimar, Jena, Bayreuth, Dresden, Chemnitz, Berlin, Göttingen... seat of the state/province until its abolition in Eastern Germany in 1952; after the restauration of states/provinces in the united Germany, Magdeburg becomes the seat

4 first mention of the city in 806 (a possible root: the pre-Germanic word Halle meaning salt) university since 1694 (today: Martin Luther University at Halle- Wittenberg) The seat of German national academy of sciences (Leopoldina) originating from Halle: Georg Friedrich Händel, Hans-Dietrich Genscher etc.

5 1901: Mittelschule of the Francke Foundation; 1905: Oberrealschule of the Francke Foundation; Easter 1914: taking A-levels (Abitur); 1915: additional exam of Latin and Greek; study (all together 8 semesters): 1914: philosophy, music, history, national economy 1915-1919: mostly theology (first exam in 1919, the second in 1921); War volonteer: Summer term 1915 taking holy orders: March 19, 1921 Schooling

6 teacher: 1917 – private school; 1917 – pre-school (Vorschule) and Mittelschule of the Francke Foundation; 1920 – the elementary-school teachers exam (Mittelschullehrerprüfung; religion and history); 1921 – entering the city service (Wittekindschule (?), as a replacement for the future rector, Bonin); 1923 – 1925: teacher by the Halle Public Schools Administration; May 2, 1925 – leaving public school system due to discord with the then Education Committee (1917 – 1925: worked at 11 different schools); Summer 1926: Francke Foundation elementary school; 1926 – 1928: the Seydlitz high school for girls (left as he did not believe the private schooling system would give him long-term satisfaction); 1938: briefly as a replacement at the Huttenschule; 1943 – 1945: cello teacher at the National Education Centre Music School (Musikschule der Volksbildungsstätte) Career

7 1925 – 1929: curate at St. Johns church in Dieskau (Halle); 1929 – 1930: curate in Braunsdorf; 1930 – 1933: pastor in Canena/Kanena

8 wedding: April 26, 1932 in Halle wife: Elise Neuholz (born December 31, 1899, »a worker from Bludau «(?), father: Franz Hermann Neuholz, teacher, (1867- 1903), (grandfather: Friedrich Ferdinand Neuholz, farmer, 1822- 1909) children: none address: Halle, Albert Schmidtstrasse 8 retired: March 1, 1933 (in 1932, a communication on leaving the church service after his own wish – »nervous exhaustion«) June 18, 1945: trying to get a job at the new elementary school died: October 1, 1953 in Halle Personal life


10 Fritz Jahrs publications (1927-1938) 1.Bio-Ethik: eine Umschau über die ethischen Beziehungen des Menschen zu Tier und Pflanze [Bio-ethics: a panorama of ethical relations of man toward the animal and the plant] (Kosmos, 1927; 2.Der Tod und die Tiere: eine Betrachtung über das 5. Gebot [Death and animals: a consideration of the 5th Commandment] (Mut und Kraft, 1928); 3.Tierschutz und Ethik in ihren Beziehungen zueinander [Animal protection and ethics in their relation to each other] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1928; 4.Soziale und sexuelle Ethik in der Tageszeitung [Social and sexual ethics in daily press] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1928; 5.Wege zum sexualen Ethos [Ways toward sexual ethos] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1928; 6.Zwei ethische Probleme in ihrem Gegensatz und in ihrer Vereinigung im sozialen Leben [Two ethical problems in their opposition and in their unification in social life] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1929; 7.Gesinnungsdiktatur oder Gedenkfreiheit? Gedanken über eine liberale Gestaltung des Gesinnungsunterrichts [Dictatorship of worldviews or the freedom of thought? Considerations on the liberal structuring of teaching the attitudes] (Die neue Erziehung, 1930); 8.Unser Zweifel an Gott: subjektive Gedanken beim Thema eines Anderen [Our doubt in God: subjective reflexions upon the topic of an Other] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1933); 9.Vom Leben nach dem Tode: aus J. A. Comenius Didactica magna [On life after death: from Didactica magna by J. A. Comenius] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1933); 10.Gedanken über die liberale Gestaltung des Gesinnungunterrichts [Thoughts on the liberal formation of teaching of worldview] (Die neue Erziehung, 1933) 11.Drei Studien zum 5. Gebot [Three studies to the 5 th Commandment] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1934); 12.Jenseitsglaube und Ethik im Christentum: eine nachösterliche Betrachtung [Believing in the other world and ethics in Christendom: a post- Easter consideration] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1934.); 13.Die sittlich-soziale Bedeutung des Sonntags [The customary-social importance of Sunday] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1934.); 14.Zweifel an Jesus: eine Betrachtung nach Richard Wagners Parsifal [The doubt in Jesus: a consideration after Richard Wagners Parsifal] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1934.); 15.Ethische Betrachtungen zu innerkirchlichen Glaubenskämpfen [Ethical considerations to internal ecclesiastic struggles over faith] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1935.); 16.Glaube und Werke in ihrem Gegesatz und in ihrer Vereinigung [Faith and deeds in their opposition and their unification] (Ethik: Sexual- und Gesellschaftsethik, 1935.); 17.Drei Abschnitte des Lebens: eine Betrachtung nach II. Korinther 5, 1-10 und nach dem Apostolischen Glaubensbekenntnis [Three segments of life: a consideration after 2 Corinthians 5:1-10 and after the Apostles Creed] (Nach dem Gesetz und Zeugnis, 1938); 18.the article of Fritz Jahr from 1947, mentioned in Internet quotes, speaking of the origin of Sunday feast.

11 Fritz Jahr Rolf Löther (1997/1998) E.-M. Engels (2001/2004) J.-R. Goldim (2006/2009) W. Reich (cca 2003) I. Šegota (cca 2004) H.-M. Sass (2007–) F. Lolas Stepke N. Lima Croatian bioethicists ? ?

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