Präsentation zum Thema: "to Curb Aviation Emissions"— Präsentation transkript:
1to Curb Aviation Emissions An Equitable Solutionto Curb Aviation Emissions7 Juni 2013Sabine MinningerSenior Policy Advisor on Climate ChangePowerpoint-Präsentationzur Arbeit von Brot für die Welt – Evangelischer EntwicklungsdienstHerausgeber:Brot für die Welt – Evangelischer EntwicklungsdienstEvangelisches Werk für Diakonie und EntwicklungPostfach10061 BerlinTelefon:Internet:Spendenkonto , Bank für Kirche und Diakonie, BLZBerlin, Februar 2013
2Climate Justice and Aviation "Environmental inaction, especially regarding climate change, has the potential to halt or even reverse human development progress. The number of people in extreme poverty could increase by up to 3 billion by 2050 unless environmental disasters are averted by co-ordinated global action, “Human Development Report 2013Chinese travelers the world's biggest spenders - "With the 2012 surge, China leaped to first place, surpassing both top spender Germany and second largest spender United States (both close to US$84 billion in 2012).“ ( ) By 2015, 100 million Chinese will travel abroad, a benchmark originally forecast for 2020, according to the UNWTO. "Emerging economies continue to lead growth in tourism demand," said UNWTO SG Taleb Rifai in a statement.
3Dimension of climate justice and aviation 1,035 million international arrivals in 2012 with 3-4% growth in 2013emissions from aviation responsible for 4,9-14% of global warming (Lee et al, 2009), until 2050 responsible for 25% of global warmingOnly 2% of the world population actively takes part in aviation, 80% of all flights for holiday reasonsmassive expansion of airports and low-cost carriers
5Emissions have a global nature, It`s a matter of principleUNFCCC differentiates between Industrialised and Developing Countries = Common But Differentiated Responsibility-PrincipleICAO equal treatment = Non-Discrimination-PrincipleThe South calls for CBDR – EquityEmissions have a global nature,so how to addressEQUITY?
6Equity in aviation aviation emissions reduction within the sector! Promising: Copenhagen Green Climate Fund for climate financing in developing countries ($100bn/a)aviation and shipping identified as innovative climate finance sources for poor countries according to the polluter-pays principleall funds generated from a global aviation scheme (up to 10 bn USD) should be channeled to poor countriesde minimis thresholds” exemption of states with less than 1% of global aviation activity → only 22 states, capture about 80% of aviation emissions
7Respecting equity…for who? Developing Countries call for CBDRBut a global climate regime for aviation will in first line oblige airlines – not countriesDCs are the benefitters by receiving climate finance and no net incidence on their economies should be ensuredAddressing flight esmissions might increase air ticket costs around 2-3% (AGF report, 2009)no matter the nationality – only rich people fly!
8Spill over effects by tourism “Tourism is an important contributor to the MDGs […] The travel sector should not be disadvantaged through the imposition of a disproportionate burden either on tourism as a whole or on vital components such as aviation.” (UNWTO)If growth rate of British air travel till 2025 would stagnate on 2009 level, it would mean eg for Kenya a lost of 0,09% of GNP p/a.High revenue leakage rate from tourism in developing countries, the poor do not profit from unsustainable tourism as a lack of participation etc.Tourism in the South Pacific around 80% revenue leakage rate
9Yes to a global solution - but not at all costs… No false solutions such as weak and harmful offsettingIf aviation uses agrofuels on high commercial level, new problems will occur re land use, water shortage, food security
10Thank you very much! Sabine Minninger Brot für die Welt Senior Policy Advisor on Climate Change