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Wind Energy in Germany 2004 Ralf Christmann, BMU Joachim Kutscher, PTJ Content: 1.Present Data and expected Development 2.Responsibilities 3.Financial.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Wind Energy in Germany 2004 Ralf Christmann, BMU Joachim Kutscher, PTJ Content: 1.Present Data and expected Development 2.Responsibilities 3.Financial."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Wind Energy in Germany 2004 Ralf Christmann, BMU Joachim Kutscher, PTJ Content: 1.Present Data and expected Development 2.Responsibilities 3.Financial Framework of R&D 4.Highlights of Research R&D Programme

2 1. Present Data (Dez.04) and Expected Development Governmental Goals: % Renewables of the electr. energy consumption % Renewables Present: 9.3 % Renewables, 4 – 5 % Wind,25 TWh(total 509 TWh) ,000 – 3,000 MW off shore

3 Inhalt: Das Nutzungskonzept für FINO 1 FINO 2 / Ostsee und Plattformen privater Betreiber Data as of : Number of WT16,543 WT only in , % Installed capacity / MW16,628 Installed capacity only in 2004 / MW 2, % Medium installed capacity per WT / MW Medium installed capacity per WT only 2004 / MW WT sizes: 63.1 % electr. energy from wind produced by 1.5 – 3.1 MW WT (36.7 %) 19.8 % – 0.74 MWWT (35.3%) – 1.49 MW WT (14.8 %)

4 Inhalt: Das Nutzungskonzept für FINO 1 FINO 2 / Ostsee und Plattformen privater Betreiber Development of the yearly installed and accumulated number of turbines, Source DEWI

5 Inhalt: Das Nutzungskonzept für FINO 1 FINO 2 / Ostsee und Plattformen privater Betreiber Development of the yearly and accumulated installed power, Source DEWI

6 Inhalt: Das Nutzungskonzept für FINO 1 FINO 2 / Ostsee und Plattformen privater Betreiber Regional Distribution of Wind Energy Use: Examples of the 16 German States YieldShare of the State Schleswig-Holstein4.5 TWh 33 % Niedersachsen8.3 TWh 17 % Sachsen – Anhalt3.5 TWh 27 % Seven states <0.6 TWh < 2 %

7 New Installed Capacity - Projection of Development Sources: DEWI, Messe Hamburg 2004

8 Inhalt: Das Nutzungskonzept für FINO 1 FINO 2 / Ostsee und Plattformen privater Betreiber 2.Responsibilities R & D Renewables: Since end of 2002 Federal Ministry for the Environment and Nuclear Safety (BMU) ExCo Member Wind: BMU, Alternate: Forschungszentrum Jülich, PTJ Annex 11: Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, PTJ proposed Annex 23: Participant not yet decided Annex Net Integr.: Interested in participation Annex Cold Climate: Inst. f. Solar Energy Systems, ISET Kassel interested

9 3.1. Expenses of the Federal Government for Energy Research as Mill. 3. Financial Framework Nuclear Fusion Nuclear Safety Renewable Energy and Efficiancy

10 3.2 R & D Budget for Renewables / Mill Innovations Initiative Basic Budget

11 3.3 Budget Distribution among Renewables HT-Solar- thermal 7,3% LT-Solar- heating 5,5% Geothermal 13,4% Wind 20,2% PV 46,6% Others 7,0%

12 4. Highlights of R & D ENERCON E MW Support: 1.8 Mill. Fotos: ENERCON GmbH

13 Multibrid M MW Support: 4.2 Mio Foto: MULTIBRID Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH

14 Research Platform FINO 1 Costs: 10 Mill. for construction and operation till now Meteorological Measurements 1.Wind velocity: Anemometers, Ultrasonic sensors 2.Salt content and humidity in the higth of the nacelles 3.Data use: For modelling, deriviation of design parameters, yield prognosis Foto: DEWI, Neumann

15

16 Publication of Results

17 Publication of Results (2)

18 Dynamical loads on the construction 1.Forces and vibrations from wind and waves 2.Modelling and deriviation of technical parameters for foundations FINO 1 Ecological Research 1.Bird routes, hights, collision risc, 2.Bird behavior in the vicinity of wind farms, test of illumination conceptions 3.Acoustical monitoring of porpoises

19 FINO 1 Ecological Research (2) 4. Benthos Monitoring: Changes of the marine benthic communities on the bottom in the surrounding of the platform, Succsession of benthic organisms at the foundation Foto: DEWI, Neumann

20 FINO 2 Baltic Sea, Kriegers Flak Project started in Febr Measuring regime orientated on FINO 1 Potential focal point for internat. co- operation 4.5 Mill.

21 MINOS Support 2002 – Mio. MINOS Support 2002 – Mio. Resting birdswww.minos-info.deResting birdswww.minos-info.dewww.minos-info.de - Monitoring in North- and Baltic Sea => distribution maps -Classification of sea areas for wind energy use or nature protection PorpoisesPorpoises -Monitoring, visual and acoustic, habitat patterns -Technical improvement of acoustic methods (porpoise detector POD) -New insights to the hearing ability of porpoises SealsSeals -New data about appearance, aboundance, habitat pattern, behavior, and hearing ability

22 Inhalt: Das Nutzungskonzept für FINO 1 FINO 2 / Ostsee und Plattformen privater Betreiber 5. Support Programme for Wind Energy Research General Goals: Improvement of yield, Degression of costs, Warrantee for a nature and environmental friendly expansion of wind energy use

23 Main Research Aspects / Examples : Improvement of availability, error recognition, maintenance concept. Reduction of mass, life cycle prolongation, new materials Optimisation of foundations and holding structures Improvement of service characteristics of WT, logistics technologies Automatisation of production processes, testing methods/capacities Contribution to net integration of big amounts of wind energy Research on measuring platforms in North- and Baltic Seas Ecological Research

24 Further information about the 2004 R&D Programme in German: e.g. Funding Guidelines energien.de/inhalt/6789/4595/


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