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Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Deploying Renewable.

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Präsentation zum Thema: "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Deploying Renewable."—  Präsentation transkript:

1 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Deploying Renewable Energy Systems: Lessons from Latin America (Dominican Republic, Colombia) Dr. Bernhard Bösl GTZ – German Technical Co-operation World Bank Energy Lecture March 28, 2005 Washington DC

2 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 GTZ Profile Non-profit, private-sector company, owned by German Government Commissioned by BMZ to implement Technical Co-operation Objective: improve the living and working conditions of people in the partner countries and sustain the natural basis for life. Facts and Figures (2003): Total turnover: 885 millions Clients:BMZ (80 %) other German ministries (6 %) other governments, international organisations (14 %) 2,726 projects in 131 countries 1,430 seconded experts, 7,081 local staff 1,042 employees at GTZ Head Office in Germany Further information:

3 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 pipeline ongoing phasing out GTZ Energy Projects Worldwide AfricaAsiaLatin America Eastern Europe Total Policy1348 Renewables59620 Efficiency Total

4 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 GTZ RE Projects Latin America Dominican Republic Promotion of RE 2 mio Caribbean Community Promotion of RE 2.2 mio Ecuador Small Hydro Power 1.5 mio, Colombia Feasibility Wind Park 0.19 mio, Chile RE Electricity Generation 2 mio, Mexico Promotion of RE 2 mio, Brazil RE Rural Electrification 3 mio,

5 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Dominican Republic: General Information Area: 48,730 sq km Population: 8,715,602 (July 2003 est.) GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $6,300 (2002 est.) Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation Energy Resources: Wind, Solar, Hydro, Biomass, no fossil fuels ! Power Sector: Installed Capacity (July 2003) : 3,596 MW, Hydro: 16 %, Fossil: 84% Peak Demand (2003):1,950 MW Unserved Demand (2002):15% of potential demand High technical and non-technical losses: 29% High electricity prices:approx. 20 US cents / kWh Electricity sector collapsed since mid 2003, daily blackouts of hours

6 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 DR: Project profile Title: Promotion of Renewable Energies in the DR (PROFER) Counterparts: State Secretariat of Industry and Commerce National Energy Commission Duration: March 2003 – December 2006 Objective: Establish favourable framework conditions for the use of RE Volume (GTZ): 2 mio

7 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 RE Act National Strategy Regional cooperatio n Market Analysis Feasibility Studies Investment Guide Policy, legal framework Micro-Hydro Project Promotion RE Promotion Fund Management mechanisms Project Selection Evaluation, Monitoring DR: Fields of Cooperation Evaluate existing projects Capacity Building Planification, Promotion

8 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 DR: RE Act Draft of Renewable Energy Act, including incentives like: Tax exemptions for imports of RE components Reduced transmission fees for RE electricity Fixed feed-in price for RE electricity Income tax exemptions and fiscal incentives for self-suppliers Grants up to 50% of the investment costs (to be decided on a case to case base, max. 5 MW)

9 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Colombia: Project profile Objective:identification, planning and implementation of a wind park GTZ services: wind measurement site selection feasibility study Support during tender process training of EPM staff Volume: 190,000 Site:Alta Guajira, NE-Colombia Counterpart:Public Utility Empresas Públicas de Medellín (EPM) Duration:January 2001 – December 2002

10 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Colombia: Results Technical Low interest by suppliers during tender process Installed capacity: 19.5 MW Windturbines: 15 NORDEX N60, 1,300 kW each Grid connection: 13.2/110 kV substation, 800 m connection line In operation since December 2003 Wind Conditions Average wind speed 10 m/s at 50 m height Max. wind speed < 20 m/s Contiuous wind direction Low air density (90%) High outside temperatures (25-40 C) Annual variation complementary to hydropower

11 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Economical Colombian electricity market liberalized and competitive Very low prices on electricity market (approx. 2 US cents / kWh) Regulatory frame without specific incentives for RE Generation costs approx. 4 US cents / kWh Approved by Prototype Carbon Fund (approx. 3.2 mio US$ carbon credits) Tax exemption as innovative project (approx. 8 mio US$ tax reduction) Social Project site located in indigenous reservation Cautious negotiations and considerable compensation measures necessary Institutional Very dynamic and motivated counterpart EPM Colombia: Results

12 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Lessons Learnt – technical Technology is not the main issue Reliable and mature RE technologies are available for application in developing countries International cooperation should concentrate on broad dissemination of proven technologies BUT Counterparts often interested in R&D Some technical adaptations maybe necessary E.g. adaption of wind generators to extreme wind conditions in Colombia and Mexico (high average wind speeds, low air densities, high temperatures etc.) Technology adaptations in cooperation with providers (Public Private Partnerships)

13 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Lessons Learnt – financial, economical Renewable energy technologies are feasible Due to high fuel and electricity prices and low supply reliability in the Caribbean, some RE technologies are more feasible than in other regions (e.g. wind power, solar water heating), BUT need a level playing field No financing without mechanisms Financing schemes are crucial for massive deployment of RE technologies BUT badly managed financing instruments can do more harm than good and rules of the game have to be defined before starting an instrument CDM, the big push? Carbon credits are nice to have, BUT in most cases they wont turn an unfeasible RE project into a feasible one

14 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Lessons Learnt – social Acceptance of technology – core driver for success Many projects still to technology oriented Selection of technology should be based on users need (demand side orientation) rather on technology preferences (supply side orientation) Poverty eradication or poverty illumination? Creation of income generation opportunities is of core importance Productive uses of energy must be included in the planning process from the very beginning Energy and the MDGs No doubt that RE technologies contribute to achieve the MDGs BUT since there is no explicit MDG on energy, we constantly have to monitor and disseminate this energy-poverty impact chain

15 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Lessons Learnt – institutional Multi stakeholder approach One of main barriers of RE dissemination is the sectors institutional variety How to create benefits/synergies from this variety? International cooperation can play the role of moderation between institutions and interests, as an interest free honorable broker Multi level approach Good experiences with combined policy advisory and project development approaches Strengthening links between macro and micro level speeds up the learning curve, improves effectiveness, and credibility

16 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Thank you for your attention !

17 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Publications Energy and Sustainable Development in Latin America and the Caribbean Guide for Energy Policymaking OLADE, ECLAC, GTZ June 2000 Download (spanish, english): proyecto.htm Update 2003, only in spanish

18 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Energy-policy Framework Conditions for Electricity Markets and Renewable Energies 21 Country Analyses Latest Edition: June 2004 Including: Jamaica, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Brazil (Argentina and Cuba in 2002 version) Download (english, german): Publications

19 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Dr. Bernhard Boesl, Worldbank Energy Lecture, Washington DC, March 28, 2005 Renewable Energy Sources in Latin America and the Caribbean Situation and Policy Proposals ECLAC, GTZ May 2004 Download (spanish, english): Publications


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