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Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Social Innovation - Towards a New Innovation Paradigm Jürgen.

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1 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Social Innovation - Towards a New Innovation Paradigm Jürgen Howaldt La Innovación Social para Chile: De la praxis a las politicas públicas 02 de octubre de

2 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt High-Tech Strategy for Germany Emerging technologies are the basis for new products, processes and services which can contribute to mastering current social challenges. Without them, innovation would be unthinkable today. Our country's economic future depends on how effectively we use the opportunities linked to key technologies. The Federal Government wants to further strengthen Germany's top position in the field of technology within the framework of its High-Tech Strategy. 2

3 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Science The Endless Frontier “The Government should accept new responsibilities for promoting the flow of new scientific knowledge and the development of scientific talent in our youth. These responsibilities are the proper concern of the Government, for they vitally affect our health, our jobs, and our national security.” (Vannevar Bush 1945) Picture: 3

4 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt “The tracks of international research on innovation demonstrate that the technology-oriented paradigm – shaped by the industrial society – does not cover the broad range of innovations indispensable in the transition from an industrial to a knowledge and services-based society: Such fundamental societal changes require the inclusion of social innovations in a paradigm shift of the innovation system.” Vienna Declaration: The most relevant topics in social innovation research

5 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt A New Nature of Innovation” (OECD 2010) 5

6 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt 6

7 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Social Innovation moves from the margins to the mainstream At the start of 2009 President Obama announced the establishment of a new “Office for Social Innovation at the White House“ and allocated USD 50million to a fund for social innovation. The Fund will focus on priority policy areas, including education, health care, and economic opportunity. 7

8 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt © European Union/The Young Foundation

9 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt “Although social innovations pop up in many areas and policies and in many disguises, and social innovation is researched from a number of theoretical and methodological angles, the conditions under which social innovations develop, flourish and sustain and finally lead to societal change are not yet fully understood both in political and academic circles. ” Jenson/Harrisson 9

10 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Mission: Extending knowledge about Social Innovation as a driver of social change  Integrating theories and research methodologies to advance understanding of SI leading to a comprehensive new paradigm of innovation.  Undertaking European and global mapping of SI, thereby addressing different social, economic, cultural, historical and religious contexts in eight major world regions.  Ensuring relevance for policy makers and practitioners through in-depth analyses and case studies in seven policy fields, with cross European and world region comparisons, foresight and policy round tables. 10 This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no

11 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt International SI-DRIVE Consortium Members  SI-DRIVE involves 15 partners from 12 EU Member States, 10 partners from other parts of the world, and 14 high level advisory board members: all in all 31 countries. blue: EU research partner red: non-EU research partner green: Advisory Board

12 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt 1.Education 2.Employment 3.Environment and Climate Change 4.Energy Supply 5.Transport and Mobility 6.Health and Social Care 7.Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development Seven Major Policy Fields 12

13 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt 13 Iterative Process: Two Empirical Phases Based on and Feeding Theory – Methodology – Policy Development Phase 1 Phase 2 Final Results

14 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt 14 Missing = 123 No answer = SI Cases All Over the World

15 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Social Innovation a new combination or new configuration of social practices in certain areas of action or social contexts prompted by certain actors or constellations of actors in an intentional targeted manner with the goal of better satisfying or answering needs and problems than is possible on the basis of established practices socially accepted and diffused widely throughout society or in certain societal sub-areas finally institutionalized as a new social practice (Howaldt/Schwarz 2010)

16 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt In this light innovation can be understood “as a process of collective creation, in the course of which the members of a particular total population learn, i.e. invent and establish, new ways of playing the social game of collaboration and conflict, in a word a new social practice, and in the course of which they acquire the necessary … abilities to do this.” (Crozier/Friedberg 1993)

17 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Gabriel Tarde and his Sociology of Innovation  Social Innovation as Key Driver of Social Change  “In the realm of the social, everything takes place as invention and imitation, with imitation forming the rivers and inventions the mountains.”  (Tarde 2009, 27) Picture: leidenschaft-gabriel-tarde.html

18 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt From Invention to Social Practices of Imitation “The qualities that in any age and in any land make a man superior are those which make him better able to understand the discoveries already made and exploit the inventions already devised.” (Tarde 2009, 251)

19 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Prof. Dr. Jürgen Howaldt Streams of Innovation “ …the real causes of change consist of a chain of certainly very numerous ideas, which however are different and discontinuous, yet they are connected together by even far more numerous acts of imitation, for which they serve as a model.” (Tarde 2009b, 26)

20 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Key Question We need to understand the conditions under which social innovations develop, flourish and sustain, and finally lead to social change. We have to create an ecosystem for social innovation. 20

21 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Social Innovation Civil Society Policy Economy University/ Science / Research Social innovation: The core of Social Change Development of new Alliances / Cross-sector Fertilization 21

22 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung  Combine the potential of social innovation in the social economy, civil society, business firms and the state (Multi-level governance)  Promote alliances between universities, companies and the state around social innovation  Opening the process of innovation to society including all stakeholders in the development and diffusion of innovation  Empowering people: Include citizens, clients, social movements, communities in the process of social innovation  Innovation „bottom up“: learning from experiences of innovation research and business and public service innovation Vienna Declaration: The most relevant topics in social innovation research Challenge Redraw the bounderies

23 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Challenge Networks as Success Factor for Social Innovation Networks can be described as one of the most important features of the new innovation paradigm, a result of a profound transformation of the innovation process. (Howaldt and Schwarz, 2010)

24 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Social Innovators – Mohammad Yunus “Most social businesses are likely to originate with one person, or perhaps with a small group of people - friends, work colleagues, or people with a shared interest in a particular social problem. Within such a small group, you may not have all the expertise, experience, ideas and resources needed to make your social business idea into a reality. Don’t let that stop you! Look around for others you can partner with.” thema/nobelpreis/struktur/cumulus/BR-online-Publikation jpg

25 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung  Organise learning processes between social economy, civil society, business firms and the state  Share knowledge and promising practices  Use opportunities of social media for enabling large scale and systemic social innovations  Develop a Knowledge Bank for social innovation  Identify venture capital for social entrepreneurs Challenge We have to find new ways of diffusion and scaling up

26 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Challenge Social Innovation must become a priority on the political agenda  Multi-level governance and receptivity of governments to social innovations  Incentives from government to promote social innovation  More resources (incl. research programmes) to foster/promote social innovation  Regional Centers for Social Innovation

27 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung 1985: Institute for Social Inventions, London 1986: Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales, (CRISIS), Montreal 1990: Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Vienna 1995: Soziale Innovation GmbH, Dortmund 2000: Center for Social Innovation, Stanford University 2003: Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, Oxford University 2004: Centre for Social Innovation (CSI), Toronto 2004: Institut für Sozialinnovation, Berlin 2005: Institute for Social Innovation, Solingen 2005: Young Foundation, London 2005: Award for Social Innovation, Vienna 2006: Netherlands Centre for Social Innovation (NCSI), Utrecht 2006: Centrum für soziale Investitionen und Innovationen, Heidelberg 2008: Social Innovation Exchange (SIX), Europe Institutionalization of Social Innovation 27

28 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung 2008: Master „Management of Social Innovations“, University Munich 2009: The Australian Centre for Social Innovation (TACSI), Adelaide 2009: Office of Social Innovation and Civic Participation, White House Office, Washington 2010: Social Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship Research Centre, New Zealand 2010: Center for Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship (CSIE), Madras 2011: Social Innovation Europe (SIE), Europe 2011: Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience (WISIR), Waterloo 2011: Tilburg Social Innovation Lab (TiSIL), Tilburg 2012: Sinnergiak Social Innovation, San Sebastián 2012: Master of Arts in Social Innovation, Donau-Universität, Krems 2012: European School of Social Innovation, Vienna 2012: Center for Social Innovation, Bogotá 2012: Social Lab, Santiago de Chile (Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Bogotá, Mexiko-City) ….... PAGE 28

29 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Social innovation requires also appropriate social innovation policies. Many social inventions are hindered by traditional approaches in public policies. If Europe wants to tackle the challenges as documented through its Strategy for Smart, Inclusive and Sustainable Growth as well as its specific Flagship Initiatives, policy makers need to understand how to involve and make use of the participation of citizens to serve the public good. Based on integration of conceptual and empirical knowledge, SI-DRIVE will offer a coherent policy strategy platform for policy makers. Social Innovation Policies 29

30 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Social Innovation will play an important role in the Europe 2020 strategy "Creativity and innovation in general and social innovation in particular are essential factors for fostering sustainable growth, securing jobs and increasing competitive abilities, especially in the midst of the economic and financial markets crisis." 30

31 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung

32 ANSPE - Colombia’s National Agency to Overcome Extreme Poverty  ANSPE’s Center for Social Innovation brings together actors in order to generate innovative, pertinent, sustainable and scalable solutions to improve quality of life of the population living in extreme poverty  Partnership with local authorities, government institutions, social organizations and private sector  Development and financing of social innovation projects using public private partnerships  Strengthen promotion, diffusion and knowledge  Generating a favorable environment for Social Innovation files/ /anspe.png / 32

33 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung High-Tech Strategy Federal Government – Innovations for Germany „We employ a comprehensive term of innovation which covers not only technological but also social innovations, and we include society as main actor.“ „Especially, we need technological and social innovations leading to new services for new markets and which are characterized by societal benefit. Services require distinct patterns of innovation.“ „Social innovations can contribute to overcoming the challenges of societal and regional change.“ 33

34 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung “The most urgent and important innovations in the 21st century will take place in the social field. This opens up the necessity as well as possibilities for Social Sciences and Humanities to find new roles and relevance by generating knowledge applicable to new dynamics and structures of contemporary and future societies.” Vienna Declaration: The most relevant topics in social innovation research

35 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung

36 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung 36 Baseline Mapping (Empirical Phase 1) The first empirical phase (baseline mapping) is consisting of four elements: 1.Regional reports 2.Policy field reports 3.Global mapping of SI cases (more than SI cases) 4.Social Innovation Database Screening

37 Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund Zentrale wissenschaftliche Einrichtung 37 Global Mapping Objectives: Launching a global synopsis and landscape of the state of the art of SI with cases from all the world Setting up a database for analysis based on the recent theoretical state of the art Enabling a first SI typology, based on the cases Giving the ground for a selection of 70 cases for in-depth analysis Field work: Done by all the 26 partners of SI-DRIVE, assisted by the advisory board members, as experts of regional and national SI activities Result: Up to now cases from all over the world: Covering 80 countries in all the 5 continents (original placement of the SI case, most of them are covering also additionally other countries)


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